I highly recommend the Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction [...] the breadth and depth of the invited contributions are quite impressive [...] all with highly qualified authorities as authors
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The Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction, 2nd Ed.

Free textbooks written by 100+ leading designers, bestselling authors and Ivy League professors. The textbooks are assembled in a gigantic 4000+ page encyclopedia covering the design of interactive products and services like websites, household objects, smartphones, computer software, aircraft cockpits, you name it.

 
 
by Jonas Lowgren
 
 
by John M. Carroll
 
 
by Marc Hassenzahl
 
 
by Thomas Erickson
 
 
by Alan Blackwell
 
 
by Kees Overbeeke & Caroline Hummels
 
 
by Robert Spence & Mark Apperley
 
 
by Karen Holtzblatt & Hugh R. Beyer
 
 
by Jesper Kjeldskov
 
 
by Margaret M. Burnett & Christopher Scaffidi
 
 
by Dag Svanaes
 
 
by Kristina Hook
 
 
by Alistair G. Sutcliffe
 
 
by Albrecht Schmidt
 
 
by Gilbert Cockton
 
 
by Victor Kaptelinin
 
 
by Clayton M. Christensen
 
 
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by Ben Challis
 
 
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by Stephen Few
 
 
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About the authors

Jonas Lowgren

BioPublications
Picture of Jonas Lowgren.

Jonas Lowgren is an interaction designer, researcher and teacher. Currently employed as professor of interaction design at Malmo University, Sweden. Main areas of expertise include cross-media products, interactive visualization and the design theory of digita


 
 
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Jonas Lowgren
Jonas Lowgren is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

John M. Carroll

BioPublications
Picture of John M. Carroll.

John M. Carroll is Edward Frymoyer Chair Professor of Information Sciences and Technology at the Pennsylvania State University. His research interests include methods and theory in human-computer interaction, particularly as applied to networking tools for


 
 
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John M. Carroll
John M. Carroll is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Marc Hassenzahl

BioPublications
Picture of Marc Hassenzahl.

Marc Hassenzahl is Professor at the Folkwang University in Essen and research manager at MediaCity, bo Akademi University, Vaasa, Finland. He is interested in the positive affective and motivational aspects of interactive technologies - in short: User Experie


 
 
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Marc Hassenzahl
Marc Hassenzahl is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Thomas Erickson

BioPublications
Picture of Thomas Erickson.

I'm an interaction designer and researcher in the Social Computing Group at IBM's Watson Labs in New York to which I telecommute from my home in Minneapolis. My research focuses on designing systems that enable groups of people to interact coherently and produ


 
 
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Thomas Erickson
Thomas Erickson is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 

Alan Blackwell

BioPublications
Picture of Alan Blackwell.

I only have one big research question, but I attack it from a lot of different angles. The question is representation. How do people make, see and use things that carry meaning? The angles from which I attack my question include various ways in which r


 
 
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Alan Blackwell
Alan Blackwell is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Kees Overbeeke

BioPublications
Picture of Kees Overbeeke.

Prof. Dr. Kees Overbeeke (1952-2011) was full professor at Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e) for Intelligent Products and System Design in the Department of Industrial Design in May, 2006. Kees Overbeeke studied psychology at the Katholieke Universitit


 
 
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Kees Overbeeke
Kees Overbeeke is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Caroline Hummels

BioPublications
Picture of Caroline Hummels.

Prof. dr. ir. Caroline Hummels is full professor of Design Theory at the department of Industrial Design, TU/e, as well as head of the Designing Quality in Interaction group. She studied Industrial Design Engineering at the Delft University of Technology (cum


 
 
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Caroline Hummels
Caroline Hummels is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Robert Spence

BioPublications
Picture of Robert Spence.

Bob Spence is Professor Emeritus of Information Engineering at Imperial College London. Bob Spence's research has ranged from engineering design to human-computer interaction,and often with the manner in which the latter can enhance the former. Notable


 
 
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Robert Spence
Robert Spence is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 

Mark Apperley

BioPublications
Picture of Mark Apperley.

Mark Apperley has been working in the field of HCI for more than 30 years. In the 1970's he worked on the MINNIE interactive CACD system with Bob Spence, pioneering a range of interaction and information visualisation techniques, including dynamic exploration


 
 
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Mark Apperley
Mark Apperley is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Karen Holtzblatt

BioPublications
Picture of Karen Holtzblatt.

Recognized as a leader in the design community, Karen has pioneered transformative ideas and design approaches throughout her career. Karen is the inventor of Contextual Inquiry-the industry standard for gathering field data to understand how technology impact


 
 
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Karen Holtzblatt
Karen Holtzblatt is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Hugh R. Beyer

BioPublications
Picture of Hugh R. Beyer.

Hugh Founder and CTO of InContext. He has more than 20 years of experience building and designing applications, systems, and tools. Before co-founding InContext, Hugh acted as lead developer and architect in a range of systems at Digital Equipment Corp. His do


 
 
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Hugh R. Beyer
Hugh R. Beyer is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Jesper Kjeldskov

BioPublications
Picture of Jesper Kjeldskov.

Jesper Kjeldskov is Associate Professor in Human-Computer Interaction at Aalborg University's Department of Computer Science. Jesper's research interests are Interaction Design and User Experience with particular focus on mobile and ubiquitous technologies in


 
 
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Jesper Kjeldskov
Jesper Kjeldskov is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 

Margaret M. Burnett

BioPublications
Picture of Margaret M. Burnett.

Margaret Burnett is a Professor of Computer Science at the School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Oregon State University. Her current research focuses on end-user programming, end-user software engineering, information foraging theory as app


 
 
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Margaret M. Burnett
Margaret M. Burnett is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Christopher Scaffidi

BioPublications
Picture of Christopher Scaffidi.

Christopher Scaffidi is currently an Assistant Professor of Computer Science in the School of EECS at Oregon State University. His research interests are where human-computer interaction and software engineering intersect. Most of his current projects aim to h


 
 
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Christopher Scaffidi
Christopher Scaffidi is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Dag Svanaes

BioPublications
Picture of Dag Svanaes.

Dag Svanaes is a professor at the Department of Computer and Information Science at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Svanaes is also adjunct professor at the IT-University of Copenhagen, Denmark He has been teaching and doing research in


 
 
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Dag Svanaes
Dag Svanaes is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Kristina Hook

BioPublications
Picture of Kristina Hook.

Kristina Hook is a professor in Interaction Design at Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) in Sweden. She started and now works in the Mobile Life centre. She also upholds a part-time position at SICS (Swedish Institute of Computer Science).


 
 
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Kristina Hook
Kristina Hook is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 

Alistair G. Sutcliffe

BioPublications
Picture of Alistair G. Sutcliffe.

Alistair Sutcliffe (MA Cantab-Natural Sciences, PhD Wales) is Professor of Systems Engineering, and Director of the Centre for HCI Design, in the School of Informatics, University of Manchester, UK. Originally at ethologist, he has worked in the IT and finance


 
 
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Alistair G. Sutcliffe
Alistair G. Sutcliffe is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Albrecht Schmidt

BioPublications
Picture of Albrecht Schmidt.

I am a professor at the University of Stuttgart. My central research interests are novel user interfaces and innovative applications enabled by ubiquitous computing. Before moving to Stuttgart I was a professor at the Univeristy of Duisburg-Essen, had a joined


 
 
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Albrecht Schmidt
Albrecht Schmidt is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Gilbert Cockton

BioPublications
Picture of Gilbert Cockton.

I'm Professor of Design Theory in the School of Design at Northumbria University, which has roots back to 1844 as one of the original British Government Schools of Design. I'm an Interaction Designer who occasionally dabbles in product and service design. I ha


 
 
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Gilbert Cockton
Gilbert Cockton is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Victor Kaptelinin

BioPublications
Picture of Victor Kaptelinin.

Victor Kaptelinin is a Professor at the Department of Information Science and Media Studies, University of Bergen, Norway, and the Department of Informatics, Umeaa University, Sweden. He has held teaching and/or research positions at the Psychological Insti


 
 
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Victor Kaptelinin
Victor Kaptelinin is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 

Clayton M. Christensen

BioPublications
Picture of Clayton M. Christensen.

Clayton M. Christensen is professor at Harvard Business School and a New York Times bestseller. He is the architect of, and the world's foremost authority on, disruptive innovation. Consistently acknowledged in rankings and surveys as one of the world's lead


 
 
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Clayton M. Christensen
Clayton M. Christensen is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Eric von Hippel

BioPublications
Picture of Eric von Hippel.

I am a Professor of Technological Innovation in the MIT Sloan School of Management, and am also a Professor in MIT's Engineering Systems Division. I specialize in research related to the nature and economics of distributed and open innovation. I also develop a


 
 
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Eric von Hippel
Eric von Hippel is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Noam Tractinsky

BioPublications
Picture of Noam Tractinsky.

I am an Associate Professor at the Department of Information Systems Engineering, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer Sheva, Israel. My main research interests revolve around the use of information technology. I have been involved in studies on IT project


 
 
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Noam Tractinsky
Noam Tractinsky is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Ben Challis

BioPublications
Picture of Ben Challis.

Ben Challis is a composer, performer and technologist. With research interests that embrace the notion of design-for-all within music-performance, he has worked on various projects that explore alternative modes of interaction with sound and music for people w


 
 
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Ben Challis
Ben Challis is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 

Richard Shusterman

BioPublications
Picture of Richard Shusterman.

Richard Shusterman is an American pragmatist philosopher, currently the Dorothy F. Schmidt Eminent Scholar in the Humanities and Professor of Philosophy at Florida Atlantic University, where he directs the Center for Body, Mind, and Culture. He is internationa


 
 
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Richard Shusterman
Richard Shusterman is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

William Hudson

BioPublications
Picture of William Hudson.

William Hudson is a User Experience Strategist who consults, writes and teaches in the fields of user-centred design, user experience and usability. He has over 40 years experience in the development of interactive systems, initially with a background in softw


 
 
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William Hudson
William Hudson is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Steve Mann

BioPublications
Picture of Steve Mann.

Steven Mann is a tenured professor at the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Toronto. Mann holds degrees from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (PhD in Media Arts and Sciences '97) and McMaster University, where he w


 
 
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Steve Mann
Steve Mann is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Brian Whitworth

BioPublications
Picture of Brian Whitworth.

Born in England and brought up in New Zealand, Brian Whitworth currently works at Massey University in Auckland, New Zealand. After doing a mathematics degree, and a Master's thesis on split-brain neuropsychology, Brian joined the New Zealand Army, where he wa


 
 
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Brian Whitworth
Brian Whitworth is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 

Adnan Ahmad

BioPublications
Picture of Adnan Ahmad.

Adnan Ahmad was born in Lahore, Pakistan. He received his Bachelor of Science (Hons.) from Govt. College University (GCU, 2005), with a major in software engineering, and a Masters of Science from Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS, 2009), with a m


 
 
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Adnan Ahmad
Adnan Ahmad is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Clarisse Sieckenius de Souza

BioPublications
Picture of Clarisse Sieckenius de Souza.

Clarisse Sieckenius de Souza is Full Professor of Computer Science at the Departamento de Informtica, PUC-Rio, where she has also served as the director of Graduate Studies Program for two terms (2003-2005 and 2007-2009). In 2010, Clarisse was a co-winner of


 
 
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Clarisse Sieckenius de Souza
Clarisse Sieckenius de Souza is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Paul A. Fishwick

BioPublications
Picture of Paul A. Fishwick.

Paul Fishwick is Distinguished University Chair of Arts and Technology (ATEC), and Professor of Computer Science. He has six years of industry experience as a systems analyst working at Newport News Shipbuilding and at NASA Langley Research Center in Virginia.


 
 
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Paul A. Fishwick
Paul A. Fishwick is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Jonathan Grudin

BioPublications
Picture of Jonathan Grudin.

I work in the Adaptive Systems and Interaction Group at Microsoft Research, part of the Microsoft Corporation. My research is in human-computer interaction and computer supported cooperative work, with a particular focus on the design, adoption and use of grou


 
 
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Jonathan Grudin
Jonathan Grudin is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 

Steven Poltrock

BioPublications
Picture of Steven Poltrock.

I retired from The Boeing Company in 2009 where I was a Technical Fellow in the Research & Technology division. My research was in computer support for cooperative work, focusing on industrial applications of collaboration technology, including support for tea


 
 
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Steven Poltrock
Steven Poltrock is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Shaun Gallagher

BioPublications
Picture of Shaun Gallagher.

Shaun Gallagher is the Lillian and Morrie Moss Professor of Excellence in Philosophy at the University of Memphis. He has a secondary appointment at the University of Hertfordshire (UK) and is Honorary Professor of Philosophy at the University of Copenhagen (D


 
 
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Shaun Gallagher
Shaun Gallagher is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Alan J. Dix

BioPublications
Picture of Alan J. Dix.

I am a computing professor at Lancaster University and researcher at Talis Ltd. and work on most things that connect people and computers. However, I started off (years ago) as mathematician and this is still my academic first love!


 
 
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Alan J. Dix
Alan J. Dix is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Lene Nielsen

BioPublications
Picture of Lene Nielsen.

Lene Nielsen is Denmark's leading specialist in personas. She has a Ph.D.in personas and scenarios and has more than 5 years experience on practical use of personas working with both industry and governmental bodies.


 
 
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Lene Nielsen
Lene Nielsen is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 

Dave Randall

BioPublications
Picture of Dave Randall.

Dave Randall was Principal Lecturer at Manchester Metropolitan University, UK. until his retirement in 2011. He sorely misses his administrative load. He continues to work, collaborating with people like his co-author on this piece; with Richard Harper at Micr


 
 
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Dave Randall
Dave Randall is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Mark Rouncefield

BioPublications
Picture of Mark Rouncefield.

Mark Rouncefield is a Senior Research Fellow in the Computing Department, Lancaster University, concerned with carrying out a number of ethnomethodologically informed ethnographic studies of Computer Supported Co-operative Work.


 
 
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Mark Rouncefield
Mark Rouncefield is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Doug A. Bowman

BioPublications
Picture of Doug A. Bowman.

Doug A. Bowman is a Professor of Computer Science and Director of the Center for Human-Computer Interaction at Virginia Tech. He is the principal investigator of the 3D Interaction Group, focusing on the topics of three-dimensional user interface design and th


 
 
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Doug A. Bowman
Doug A. Bowman is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Ned Kock

BioPublications
Picture of Ned Kock.

Ned Kock is Professor of Information Systems and Director of the Collaborative for International Technology Studies at Texas A&M International University. He holds degrees in electronics engineering (B.E.E.), computer science (M.S.), and management


 
 
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Ned Kock
Ned Kock is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 

Stephen Few

BioPublications
Picture of Stephen Few.

Stephen Few has over 20 years of experience as an innovator, consultant, and educator in the fields of business intelligence (a.k.a. data warehousing and decision support) and information design. Through his company, Perceptual Edge, he focuses on the effectiv


 
 
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Stephen Few
Stephen Few is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Kerstin Dautenhahn

BioPublications
Picture of Kerstin Dautenhahn.

I am Professor of Artificial Intelligence in the School of Computer Science, Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences at University of Hertfordshire, where I am a coordinator of the Adaptive Systems Research Group. Main areas of my research are Human-Ro


 
 
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Kerstin Dautenhahn
Kerstin Dautenhahn is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Fabio Paterno

BioPublications
Picture of Fabio Paterno.

Fabio Paternò is Research Director at C.N.R.-ISTI in Pisa where he founded and leads the Laboratory on Human Interfaces in Information Systems. He developed the ConcurTaskTrees notation for specifying task models and has al


 
 
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Fabio Paterno
Fabio Paterno is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Dianne Cyr

BioPublications
Picture of Dianne Cyr.

Dr. Dianne Cyr is a Professor in the Beedie School of Business at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver. She is the author of 4 books and over 100 research articles, book chapters or proceedings. Dr. Cyr has received numerous awards including Best paper for 200


 
 
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Dianne Cyr
Dianne Cyr is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 

Constantine Stephanidis

BioPublications
Picture of Constantine Stephanidis.

Constantine Stephanidis, Professor at the Department of Computer Science of the University of Crete, is the Director of the Institute of Computer Science, Foundation for Research and Technology - Hellas, Head of the Human - Computer Interaction Laboratory, and


 
 
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Constantine Stephanidis
Constantine Stephanidis is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Ann Blandford

BioPublications
Picture of Ann Blandford.

Ann Blandford is Professor of Human-Computer Interaction in the Department of Computer Science at University College London, and served as Director of UCL Interaction Centre (UCLIC) (2004-2011). Her teaching includes User-Centred Evaluation Methods on the MSc


 
 
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Ann Blandford
Ann Blandford is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 
 
 

 


Version 1.0 of the Encyclopedia

Shorter definitions/introductions of key concepts.

A
Affordances  - chapter by Mads Soegaard
Agile Usability Engineering  - chapter by Thomas Memmel
Artifact  - chapter by
B
Backtalk of a Situation (or Situational Feedback)  - chapter by
Breakdowns  - chapter by
C
Chunking  - chapter by Martin Harrod
Cognitive Artifacts  - chapter by
Cognitive ergonomics  - chapter by Bill Papantoniou
Context of Use  - chapter by
D
Demand Characteristics  - chapter by
E
Ecological validity  - chapter by
Efficiency  - chapter by
F
Featuritis (or creeping featurism)  - chapter by
Fitts's Law  - chapter by Mehmet Goktrk
Forcing Functions  - chapter by
G
Gestalt principles of form perception  - chapter by Mads Soegaard
Gulf of Evaluation and Gulf of Execution  - chapter by
H
Heuristics and heuristic evaluation  - chapter by
Human error (slips and mistakes)  - chapter by
Human factors  - chapter by
I
Information Foraging Theory  - chapter by David Trepess
Interaction Design Patterns  - chapter by Eelke Folmer
Interaction Styles  - chapter by Mads Soegaard
M
Mental models  - chapter by
Mock-ups  - chapter by
Multimodal Affective Computing  - chapter by Hatice Gunes
Multiple intelligences  - chapter by Julia Reinhard Lupton
P
Perception  - chapter by
Priming  - chapter by
Programmerism  - chapter by
Progressive Disclosure  - chapter by Frank Spillers
Psychometry  - chapter by
Psychoneural identity hypothesis  - chapter by
R
Reification (to reify)  - chapter by
S
Satisficing  - chapter by
T
Tangible Interaction  - chapter by Eva Hornecker
Task-artifact cycle  - chapter by
Tradition and transcendence  - chapter by
Training Wheels Interface  - chapter by
U
UIMS (User Interface Management System) or User Interface Architecture  - chapter by
User Experience - UX  - chapter by Dirk Knemeyer & Eric Svoboda
V
Vigilance  - chapter by
W
Walk-up-and-use system   - chapter by
WIMP  - chapter by
 
 
 
 

About the authors

Mads Soegaard

BioPublications
Picture of Mads Soegaard.

I am Founder of the Interaction Design Foundation. Previously, I've worked at The Danish National Technological Institute working with research in industry. Until March 2000 I was one of three partners in Csite.com, a web development company of about 1


 
 
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Mads Soegaard
Mads Soegaard is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Thomas Memmel

BioPublications
Picture of Thomas Memmel.

Thomas Memmel was a research assistant at the University of Konstanz at the chair for human-computer interaction of Prof. Harald Reiterer. He holds a BSc (2002) and MSc (2005) in Computer Science.He was involved in a DaimlerChrysler AG funded PhD program and


 
 
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Thomas Memmel
Thomas Memmel is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Martin Harrod

BioPublications
Picture of Martin Harrod.

Martin Harrod has over 15 years of real world experience in the design and implementation of technology systems. This experience gives him a keen insight on how an organization can better leverage their technology investments. He simplifies his approach into


 
 
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Martin Harrod
Martin Harrod is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Bill Papantoniou

BioPublications
Picture of Bill Papantoniou.

Bill Papantoniou is researcher at the Ergonomics Unit of the National Technical University of Athens. He also teaches Ergonomics in the AKTO Industrial Design school  and works in projects involving the support of human work (physical and cognitive). B


 
 
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Bill Papantoniou
Bill Papantoniou is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 

Mehmet Goktrk

BioPublications
Picture of Mehmet Goktürk.

Mehmet Gokturkey is currently teaching at Gebze Institute of Technology, Turkey.


 
 
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Mehmet Goktrk
Mehmet Goktrk is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

David Trepess

BioPublications
Picture of David Trepess.

David Trepess is a principal human factors engineer at Sony BP Research Labs. He holds a BA, MSc and a PhD all in the HCI and HF area. His current work involves investigating human factors issues in broadcast and other media centric industries. His PhD was


 
 
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David Trepess
David Trepess is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Eelke Folmer

BioPublications
Picture of Eelke Folmer.

Eelke Folmer is an assistant Professor at the University of Nevada in Reno. Previously he worked as a postdoctoral fellow in the Software Engineering / Games Group at the University of Alberta. He received a PhD degree from the University of Groningen where he


 
 
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Eelke Folmer
Eelke Folmer is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Hatice Gunes

BioPublications
Picture of Hatice Gunes.

Dr Hatice Gunes is a Lecturer (Assistant Professor) at the School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science, Queen Mary University of London (QMUL), UK. She received her Ph.D. degree in Computer Science from University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Austral


 
 
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Hatice Gunes
Hatice Gunes is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 

Julia Reinhard Lupton

BioPublications
Picture of Julia Reinhard Lupton.

Julia Reinhard Lupton is Professor of English, Comparative Literature and Education at the University of California, Irvine. She is the founding director of Humanities Out There, an educational partnership between the School of Humanities and the Santa Ana Uni


 
 
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Julia Reinhard Lupton
Julia Reinhard Lupton is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Frank Spillers

BioPublications
Picture of Frank Spillers.

Frank Spillers is a web and software usability expert and has been recognized by the U.S. Dept. of Labor as a subject matter expert. Frank holds a Masters of Science in Cognitive Science from Birmingham University (UK) and has ten years of practical experienc


 
 
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Frank Spillers
Frank Spillers is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Eva Hornecker

BioPublications
Picture of Eva Hornecker.

Eva Hornecker is Assistant Professor at the University of Strathclyde. She has worked at several places before, including the UK's Open University, Sussex University, the Vienna University of Technology, following her PhD in Bremen, Germany. Eva's research


 
 
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Eva Hornecker
Eva Hornecker is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 

Dirk Knemeyer

BioPublications
Picture of Dirk Knemeyer.

DIRK KNEMEYER is the CEO of Involution Studios, a software design consultancy whose clients include Apple, Microsoft, Oracle, McAfee, and Yahoo!. His leadership contributions to the business and design community are prolific, having authored more than 100 arti


 
 
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Dirk Knemeyer
Dirk Knemeyer is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 

Eric Svoboda

BioPublications
Picture of Eric Svoboda.

Eric Svoboda is an user experience professional for Ascendant Technology


 
 
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Eric Svoboda
Eric Svoboda is a member of The Interaction Design Foundation
 
 
 
 

 
 

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Author(s): Mads Soegaard and Rikke Friis Dam
URL: http://www.interaction-design.org/books/hci.html