Usability Reports

Your constantly-updated definition of Usability Reports and collection of videos and articles

What are Usability Reports?

Usability reports are comprehensive documents that summarize the findings, observations and recommendations of usability testing. Researchers create them to provide valuable insights into how users interact with a product or service, identify usability issues and suggest potential solutions. Designers can then enhance a product’s or service’s usability and overall user experience.

An illustration of a usability report.

A simple representation of a usability report, to illustrate the value of such reports.

© Interaction Design Foundation, CC BY-SA 4.0

Why are Usability Reports Important in UX Design?

Usability reports play a crucial role in user experience (UX) design. When researchers or designers create them properly, they provide valuable insights into how usable a digital product is for the target audience. So, these reports help designers and researchers identify and address usability issues.  

Usability reports come from usability testing, when users test a design solution or prototype. They deliver a comprehensive analysis of how users interacted with a digital product, such as a website or an app.  They also highlight areas of improvement and suggest actionable solutions. These reports are an essential means to inform design decisions, validate user needs and ensure a positive user experience. Above all, reports on usability are an essential check to ensure the design team and product manager have a strong sense of empathy with users in the target audience. 

This video explains the importance of empathy for users in design: 

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What do Usability Reports Show?

A usability report typically includes sections such as a background summary, methodology, test results, findings and recommendations. It may also feature visual content like screenshots and video clips to illustrate specific points. These reports present the data and insights in a structured and organized way. So, they enable stakeholders to understand the user experience and make informed decisions for product design improvement. These reports are particularly valuable because they show: 

  1. Usability issues: Usability reports reveal specific issues and problems that users encountered while they interacted with a product or website. These issues can range from navigation difficulties to confusing layouts or unclear instructions. 

  1. User behavior: Usability reports show how users navigate, interact and engage with a product or website. This includes their pathways, actions and patterns of behavior observed during usability testing. 

  1. Success rates: These reports show the success rates of users in completing specific tasks or scenarios. This metric indicates the effectiveness of the design and how well it supports users to achieve their goals. 

  1. Task time: Usability reports provide insights into the time it takes for users to complete tasks or scenarios. This metric helps determine the efficiency of the design and whether users can accomplish their goals quickly. 

  1. User satisfaction: Usability reports include user satisfaction ratings, which researchers obtain through questionnaires or interviews. This feedback helps gauge user satisfaction levels and identify areas that need improvements, such as in terms of a product’s visual design. 

Benefits of Usability Reports

Some key benefits to UX designers, researchers and stakeholders are: 

Data-Driven Decision-Making

Usability reports provide objective data and insights that inform design decisions. When designers base decisions on user feedback and observations, they can create more user-centered and effective solutions, and gear them around more accurate tools such as user personas.

Image of a persona, including picture and details.

Good user personas help designers build around accurate visions of their target audience, which can translate to better results when they get to usability test their designs.

© Interaction Design Foundation, CC BY-SA 4.0

Improved User Experience

Usability reports help identify and address usability issues. That leads to an improved user experience. If designers understand user needs and behavior, they can make informed changes that improve usability and satisfaction through a greater sense of empathy. 

Enhanced Product Quality

Usability reports highlight areas of improvement and suggest actionable recommendations. When designers implement these recommendations, it improves the overall quality of the product. It also reduces user frustration and increases satisfaction. 

Cost and Time Savings

As they identify usability issues early in the design process, usability reports help save time and resources. To address usability issues during the design phase is more cost-effective than to make changes later in the development cycle. 

Illustration of common deliverables in UX design.

Usability reports are among common—and essential—UX deliverables, and are especially valuable aids to prevent unnecessary costs in product development.

© Interaction Design Foundation, CC BY-SA 4.0

What Challenges are involved with Usability Reports?

Potential challenges for researchers, designers and design teams include: 

  1. Interpretation of data: If a designer or a design team misinterprets the data that comes from usability testing, it can lead to incorrect conclusions and misguided design decisions. This data can be hard to analyze and interpret accurately. It’s crucial to adopt a user research mindset and thoroughly analyze and understand the data, to avoid drawing erroneous conclusions. 

  1. Communication of findings: It can be hard to present the findings and recommendations clearly and concisely. It calls for effective communication skills to ensure that stakeholders understand the implications and importance of the usability issues that arise. 

  1. A balance of objectivity and subjectivity: Usability reports have a firm grounding in objective data. However, they also need subjective interpretation. It’s essential to strike the right balance between objectivity and subjectivity, to provide accurate and actionable insights. 

  1. Overemphasis on usability testing: To rely just on usability reports may result in a narrow focus on usability issues. The risk is then that a design team might neglect other aspects of the user experience, such as how users feel in their emotional engagement with the design solution or its aesthetic appeal. It’s important to consider a holistic approach to UX design and the right types of usability tests for the project. 

Author and Human-Computer Interaction Expert, Professor Alan Dix explains the connection between emotion and usability: 

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  1. Resistance to change: Usability reports may reveal issues that challenge stakeholders' preconceived notions or require significant changes to the design. This can lead to resistance to change and reluctance to implement recommended improvements. Such notions come from real-world constraints such as budget, inability to see what the design focuses on ideally, or an array of other matters. 

  1. Limited sample size: Usability reports typically have a basis in a small sample size of participants. While this provides valuable insights, it may not capture the full range of user perspectives and behaviors. It’s important for designers to consider the limitations of the sample size when they interpret their findings. 

In Which Contexts do Usability Reports Work Best?

Usability reports are most effective in these contexts: 

Product Development

Usability reports play a crucial role in the product development process. For product teams, they provide insights that inform design decisions, guide improvements and validate the user experience. 

Iterative Design Process

Usability reports are particularly valuable in an iterative design process. They help identify usability issues early on, which allows for iterative improvements and ensures a user-centered design approach. 

User-Centered Design

Usability reports are essential in a user-centered design approach. They provide evidence-based insights into user behavior, needs and preferences. This enables designers, including user interface (UI) designers, to create products that meet user expectations. 

Cross-Functional Collaboration

Usability reports facilitate cross-functional collaboration as they provide a common language and understanding of the user experience. They help bridge the gap between designers, developers and stakeholders, and foster collaboration and shared goals. 

UX Designer and Author of Build Better Products and UX for Lean Startups, Laura Klein explains the value of cross-functional teams in this video: 

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Examples of Good Usability Reports

Good usability reports provide clear and actionable insights that drive improvements in the user experience. Here are a few examples of elements that make a usability report effective: 

Clear Problem Statements

Good usability reports clearly define and articulate the problems that users encounter. The problem statements are specific and concise, and stand on evidence from the usability testing. A problem statement is also called a Point of View (POV) and appears like the following:

__(User)__ needs to __(user’s need)__ because __(insight)__. 

So, for example, a usability report could reveal that: 
“Mobile users need to have larger buttons because 23% of them accidentally pressed two at the same time.”  

Prioritized Recommendations

Usability reports prioritize recommendations based on the severity and impact of the identified issues. This helps stakeholders understand which problems need immediate attention and which ones design teams can address later.

A list or chart showing recommendations.

Recommendations clearly capture what to do, so team members can act.

© User Interviews, Fair Use

Visual Illustrations

Good usability reports include visuals such as screenshots or video clips to illustrate specific problem areas. These visuals make it easier for stakeholders to understand the issues and visualize potential solutions. 

Structured Format

Usability reports follow a structured format, with sections that provide background information, methodology, test results, findings and recommendations. This format makes the report easier to navigate and comprehend. 

An image showing an overview.

Usability reports require a clear structure, so they can transmit important data quickly and easily—as this UXtweak overview shows.

© Daria Krasovskaya, Fair Use

It’s important to note how usability reports can sometimes require improvements—and the earlier, the better. Ineffective reports often lack clarity, fail to provide actionable insights or present information in an unstructured manner. If they have vague problem descriptions, a lack of recommendations, unorganized data or a lack of visual support, their report writers should revisit them and correct these flaws as soon as possible.   

How to Write a Usability Report

It takes careful planning and execution to make a well-structured and informative usability report. Here is a step-by-step process to the report-writing process: 

Step 1: Define the Scope and Objectives

Before the start of usability testing, UX designers or researchers should clearly define the scope and objectives of the study. They need to determine the specific research questions they want to answer and the metrics they will use to measure usability. 

Step 2: Conduct Usability Testing

Now it’s time to conduct usability testing with representative users and use a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods. It’s vital to collect data on success rates, task time, error rates and user satisfaction ratings. It’s also essential to record observations, problems and participants’ comments. 

Step 3: Analyze the Data

Designers or researchers now need to carefully analyze the data they collected during usability testing. They should look for patterns, trends and common issues. It’s important to categorize the problems by severity and consider their implications for the overall user experience. 

Professor of Human-Computer Interaction at University College London, Ann Blandford explains pitfalls to beware of in analysis. 

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Step 4: Structure the Usability Report

Next comes the structuring of the usability report in a logical and easy-to-follow format. It’s vital to include sections such as background summary, methodology, test results, findings and recommendations. Tables, visuals and examples to present data and illustrate problem areas are essential tools for this activity. 

Step 5: Present Findings and Recommendations

Now it’s time to clearly communicate the findings and recommendations based on the data analysis. Researchers or designers should provide specific problem statements and suggest actionable solutions. They should consider the severity and wider impact of each problem to prioritize recommendations. 

Step 6: Incorporate Visuals

Next comes the incorporation of visuals like screenshots and video clips to enhance the usability report. These visuals help stakeholders visualize specific areas of concern and better understand the user experience. 

Step 7: Implement Recommendations and Retest

Finally, it’s time to use the findings and recommendations from the usability report to make improvements to the product or website. It’s vital to prioritize the recommendations based on severity and wide—or global—impact. Designers or researchers should remember to retest their design’s usability after they implement the changes, to validate the improvements. 

Image showing 3 mobile phones with text and screen color differences.

Issues about accessibility, an often-overlooked but essential part of design, can frequently crop up in usability reports. Design teams and stakeholders need to ensure their products are usable to everyone.

© Interaction Design Foundation, CC BY-SA 4.0

Tips to Create and Use Usability Reports in UX Design

Consider the following tips: 

Plan Ahead

It’s crucial to define the scope and objectives of the usability study before testing. This ensures that the usability report addresses the specific research questions and provides valuable insights. 

Be Data-Driven

Designers or researchers need to base their findings and recommendations on objective data that they collect during usability testing. They should avoid personal biases and subjective opinions when they analyze the data. 

An image of a usability report.

The Pratt Institute’s Usability Report on PEN America’s Freedom to Write is a fine example of a thorough, yet readable report.

© Pratt Institute, Fair Use

Prioritize Recommendations

It’s vital to prioritize recommendations according to their severity and impact. Researchers or designers, or report writers, should address critical and serious usability issues first. That way, they can have the greatest impact on the user experience. Clear and actionable recommendations should be specific, feasible and have a solid basis in data-driven insights. 

Communicate Effectively

Clear and concise language is critical to communicate findings and recommendations in the usability report. The report writer should incorporate visuals and examples to enhance understanding and engagement. Stakeholders, design team members, members of the development team and anyone else involved in the design project need a clear point of reference to turn to in a report.  It’s also important to tailor the report to the specific needs and knowledge level of the audience. 

Iterate and Improve

Design teams should use usability reports as a starting point for iterative design improvements. It’s critical to implement recommendations, retest and continuously gather user feedback to refine the user experience.

A diagram showing three circles that intersect in a common area.

The area to aim for with design solutions, and the improvements design teams implement, should be in this spot.

© Interaction Design Foundation, CC BY-SA 4.0

Keep a User-Centered Approach

Usability reports should reflect a user-centered design approach. They should focus on the needs, preferences and behaviors of the target users. A report should prioritize user feedback and ensure that design decisions align with user expectations across all aspects—such as the information architecture of a mobile app, for example. 

Reflect a Holistic Understanding of the User Experience

Usability reports should consider the holistic user experience. That includes emotional engagement, aesthetic appeal and overall satisfaction. A narrow focus solely on usability issues may overlook other important aspects of the user experience, such as the wider expanse of the user flow and the various touchpoints of a user journey. 

An illustration of a Bootcamp customer journey map.

An example of a customer journey map reveals key areas to watch, to meet user expectations in a design.

© Interaction Design Foundation, CC BY-SA 4.0

Overall, usability reports can be challenging but are highly rewarding, essential parts of the design process. The more clearly they transmit accurate findings to everyone concerned in a design project, the better placed a design team will be to make the best iterations possible, and so ensure a digital product or service that will truly resonate with the target audience. 

An image showing three screens, two of which are mobile screens.

Usability is a core part of design, but it’s important to remember the desirability factor too.

© Interaction Design Foundation, CC BY-SA 4.0

Learn More about Usability Reports

Take our User Research – Methods and Best Practices course. 

Read How to Write a Usability Testing Report (With Templates and Examples) by Xtensio for more in-depth information. 

Consult Usability Test Report – A guide to make and present by Sugata Chaki for valuable insights. 

Read How to analyze and report usability test results by Maze for additional tips. 

Go to How to Become Great at Usability Reporting by Anna Rubkiewicz for more valuable insights. 

Consult UX Research Report by Daria Krasovskaya for additional important points and more. 

Questions related to Usability Report

Who reads usability reports?

Project managers, UX designers, developers and business stakeholders commonly read usability reports. These professionals seek to understand user interactions with products to identify areas for improvement. Usability reports offer detailed insights into user behavior, challenges users face and aspects of the product they enjoy. This information helps teams prioritize features and fix problems, enhancing the overall user experience. 

Marketing teams also benefit from usability reports. They use these insights to tailor marketing strategies and improve customer engagement. The data from usability reports guide teams to make informed decisions about product design, development and marketing strategies. 

For designers and developers, usability reports serve as a roadmap for refining products to better meet user needs. Business stakeholders use these insights for strategic planning, ensuring that product development aligns with market demands and user expectations. 

Take our Master Class How to Get Started with Usability Testing with Cory Lebson, Principal and Owner of Lebsontech LLC.

Can you automate the data collection for usability reports?

Yes, you can automate the data collection for usability reports. Automation tools and software track user interactions on websites and applications, capturing data on clicks, scrolls, navigation paths and time users spend on various elements. This technology allows teams to gather vast amounts of data without manually observing each user session. Tools like heatmaps, analytics platforms and session recorders automate the process. They offer insights into user behavior patterns and potential usability issues. 

Automated data collection provides continuous, real-time data, and enables teams to identify trends, make informed decisions and implement changes more quickly. This approach saves time and resources, and allows for a more efficient analysis of user interactions. However, while automation aids to collect quantitative data, qualitative insights such as user feedback and interviews still require a human touch to understand the context behind the behaviors. 

UX Strategist and Consultant, William Hudson explains the value of analytics in this video: 

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How long should a usability report be?

The length of a usability report varies depending on the complexity of the project and the amount of data collected. Generally, aim for a report that is concise yet comprehensive, typically between 5 and 20 pages. It should include an executive summary, key findings and actionable recommendations. Focus on clarity and brevity to ensure stakeholders can quickly understand and act on the report's insights. To include visuals like graphs and heatmaps can also help convey information efficiently, and allow for a shorter, more impactful report. 

Take our Master Class How to Get Started with Usability Testing with Cory Lebson, Principal and Owner of Lebsontech LLC. 

What formats work best for sharing usability reports?

The best formats for sharing usability reports include PDFs, slide presentations and interactive dashboards. PDFs offer a universal format that is easy to distribute and ensures consistent viewing across different devices. They work well for comprehensive reports that detail findings, recommendations and visuals such as graphs and heatmaps. 

Slide presentations, using tools like PowerPoint or Google Slides, allow for a more visual and succinct summary of key findings. They are ideal for presenting to stakeholders in meetings, and focus on high-impact insights and actionable recommendations. 

Interactive dashboards provide a dynamic way to explore data. Tools like Tableau or Google Data Studio enable stakeholders to interact with the data, filter results and drill down into specific areas of interest. Dashboards are especially useful for ongoing projects where data updates regularly. They offer a real-time view of user behavior and usability metrics. 

Each format has its advantages, and the choice depends on the audience's needs, the report's complexity and the intended use of the findings. It can also be effective to combine formats, and ensure that the report reaches and engages a wider audience. 

Watch as CEO of Experience Dynamics, Frank Spillers explains the value of user research in our course promo for User Research: Methods and Best Practices: 

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What do you do if stakeholders ignore the usability report?

If stakeholders ignore the usability report, first ensure they understand its value. Schedule a meeting to discuss the findings and emphasize how these insights can improve the product, increase user satisfaction and potentially lead to higher revenue or reduced costs. Use clear, concise language and focus on the most critical issues that directly impact business goals. 

Offer to provide a summary or presentation highlighting key points if the report is lengthy or technical. Visual aids, such as graphs and videos, can also help convey the message more effectively. 

Consider asking for feedback on the report format and content. Stakeholders might need information presented in a different way to engage with it more effectively. 

If the report indicates urgent issues, stress the potential consequences of inaction, such as decreased user engagement or negative feedback. This can motivate stakeholders to take the findings seriously. 

Lastly, build relationships with stakeholders by involving them in the usability testing process. This inclusion can increase their investment in the results and encourage them to pay more attention to the report. 

Take our Master Class How to Get Started with Usability Testing with Cory Lebson, Principal and Owner of Lebsontech LLC.

How do you measure the impact of changes that designers have made based on a usability report?

To measure the impact of changes that designers have made based on a usability report, follow these steps: 

  • Set clear goals: Before making changes, define what success looks like. Goals could include to increase user engagement, reduce error rates or improve task completion times. 

  • Use metrics: Identify key performance indicators (KPIs) related to your goals. If your goal is to improve navigation, metrics might include the number of pages users visit or the time they spend on each page. 

  • Conduct A/B testing: Implement changes in a controlled environment where some users see the original version (A) and others see the new version (B). This method allows you to directly compare the performance of each version. 

  • Collect user feedback: Beyond quantitative data, qualitative feedback from users can provide insights into the user experience. Surveys and interviews can reveal how changes affect users' perceptions and satisfaction. 

  • Analyze data: Compare the metrics from before and after implementing changes. Look for trends and improvements in user behavior and feedback. 

  • Iterate: If the changes do not achieve the desired impact, analyze the data to understand why. Use these insights to make further adjustments. 

To measure the impact of changes ensures that efforts to improve usability lead to tangible benefits. When you set clear goals, use appropriate metrics, and continuously iterate based on feedback, you can effectively gauge the success of your efforts. 

Take our Master Class Design with Data: A Guide to A/B Testing with Zoltan Kollin, Design Principal at IBM. 

What are the essential elements of a usability report?

A usability report primarily focuses on how users interact with a product and identifies areas for improvement to enhance user experience. At its core, the report contains an executive summary, methodology section, findings and recommendations. 

The executive summary provides a concise overview of the report's purpose, key findings and suggested actions. It allows stakeholders to quickly grasp the report's significance without delving into the details. 

The methodology section details the procedures and tools used during the usability testing. It includes information on participants, testing scenarios and data collection methods. This section ensures the report's transparency and reproducibility. 

Findings present the data and observations gathered during testing. They highlight usability issues, such as navigation difficulties or unclear instructions. Visual aids like screenshots or graphs often support these insights, and make them easier to understand. 

Recommendations propose solutions to the identified problems. They prioritize issues based on their impact on user experience and suggest practical steps to address them. These recommendations guide designers and developers as they make informed decisions to improve the product. 

Take our Master Class How to Get Started with Usability Testing with Cory Lebson, Principal and Owner of Lebsontech LLC. 

What methods do researchers commonly use to gather data for usability reports?

Researchers use various methods to collect data for usability reports, and ensure they capture how users interact with a product and identify areas for improvement.  

Usability testing participants complete tasks using the product while observers note any difficulties or barriers these users encounter. This method directly assesses how well users can navigate and utilize the product. 

Surveys and questionnaires allow researchers to gather quantitative and qualitative feedback from users about their experiences. Users answer specific questions, and provide insights into their satisfaction and areas they find challenging. 

Interviews offer a more in-depth understanding of user experiences. Researchers conduct one-on-one sessions, and ask open-ended questions to explore users' thoughts and feelings about the product in question. 

Eye tracking technology tracks where and how long a user looks at different parts of a product interface. This data helps identify which areas attract the most attention and which go unnoticed. 

Heatmaps generate visual representations of where users click, touch or scroll on a digital interface. They highlight the most and least engaging elements. 

Together, these methods provide a comprehensive view of user interaction with the product. They form the basis of a detailed usability report. This report then guides designers and developers as they work to enhance the product's user experience. 

Take our User Research – Methods and Best Practices course.

What are common mistakes in creating usability reports, and how can you avoid them?

Common mistakes in the creation of usability reports include to overlook the importance of clear, concise communication and to fail to prioritize findings based on their impact on the user experience. To avoid these pitfalls, follow these guidelines:  

Avoid technical jargon: Use simple language that stakeholders from various backgrounds can understand. This ensures that the report communicates effectively with all readers, not just those with a technical or design background.  

Be specific and actionable: Instead of vague statements, provide specific examples of usability issues and actionable recommendations for improvement. This approach helps teams understand the problems and how to address them.  

Prioritize findings: Rank the usability issues based on their severity and impact on the user experience. This helps teams focus on fixing the most critical problems first, and so ensures a more efficient allocation of resources.  

Include visuals: Use screenshots, videos and diagrams to illustrate usability issues. Visual evidence can be more compelling than text alone, and make it easier for stakeholders to understand and act on the findings.  

Summarize key points: Begin with an executive summary that highlights the most important findings and recommendations. This allows readers to quickly grasp the report's main points, even if they don't read every detail.  

If you follow these strategies, you can create a usability report that communicates effectively, focuses on actionable insights and guides teams as they work to improve the product's user experience. 

Take our Master Class How to Get Started with Usability Testing with Cory Lebson, Principal and Owner of Lebsontech LLC. 

What are some highly cited scientific articles about usability reports?
  1. Friess, E. (2011). Discourse Variations Between Usability Tests and Usability Reports. Journal of User Experience, 6(3), 102-116.  

Erin Friess' publication on "Discourse Variations Between Usability Tests and Usability Reports" explores the language discrepancies between usability testing sessions and the subsequent reports generated by novice usability testers. This ethnographic case study delves into the linguistic differences between usability participants during testing sessions and how novice testers present their findings orally in reports. By conducting comparative discourse analyses, Friess investigates the consistency and integrity of usability data as it transitions from testing to reporting stages. The study highlights potential biases in reporting, challenges in data fidelity, and the need for broader investigations to enhance the reliability of usability reports in user-based testing scenarios. 

  1. Gray, W. D., & Salzman, M. C. (2009). Damaged Merchandise? A Review of Experiments That Compare Usability Evaluation Methods. Human-Computer Interaction, 25(3), 203-261.   

The publication by Gray and Salzman (2009) titled "Damaged Merchandise? A Review of Experiments That Compare Usability Evaluation Methods" critically examines the design of experiments comparing usability evaluation methods (UEMs) in the field of human-computer interaction (HCI). The paper highlights the importance of understanding how small features in experimental design can significantly impact the results and conclusions drawn from usability evaluation studies. By reviewing five experiments comparing UEMs, the authors reveal flaws in experimental design that challenge the validity of conclusions drawn from these studies. This work emphasizes the necessity for researchers and practitioners to carefully consider experimental design to ensure reliable and valid guidance for usability evaluation methods in HCI, ultimately aiming to enhance the quality and integrity of evaluations in interface design. 

What are some highly regarded books about usability reports?

Nielsen, J. (1993). Usability Engineering. Morgan Kaufmann. 

Jakob Nielsen's book Usability Engineering published in 1993 has been highly influential in the field of usability reports. This book provides detailed insights into usability testing and heuristic evaluations. It emphasizes the importance of quantitative research and data to support usability methods. Nielsen's work is renowned for its practical guidance on usability practices. This makes it a cornerstone resource for professionals seeking to enhance user experience through effective usability engineering techniques. By combining theoretical frameworks with practical applications, this book has significantly contributed to shaping the usability profession. It remains a valuable reference for individuals involved in designing user-friendly interfaces and systems. 

Literature on Usability Reports

Here’s the entire UX literature on Usability Reports by the Interaction Design Foundation, collated in one place:

Learn more about Usability Reports

Take a deep dive into Usability Reports with our course User Research – Methods and Best Practices .

How do you plan to design a product or service that your users will love, if you don't know what they want in the first place? As a user experience designer, you shouldn't leave it to chance to design something outstanding; you should make the effort to understand your users and build on that knowledge from the outset. User research is the way to do this, and it can therefore be thought of as the largest part of user experience design.

In fact, user research is often the first step of a UX design process—after all, you cannot begin to design a product or service without first understanding what your users want! As you gain the skills required, and learn about the best practices in user research, you’ll get first-hand knowledge of your users and be able to design the optimal product—one that’s truly relevant for your users and, subsequently, outperforms your competitors’.

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We believe you should learn from the best, so we’ve gathered a team of experts to help teach this course alongside our own course instructors. That means you’ll meet a new instructor in each of the lessons on research methods who is an expert in their field—we hope you enjoy what they have in store for you!

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