Author: John Karat
John Karat is an internationally recognized researcher in the field of human-computer interaction. Over his career with IBM Development (1982-1987) and Research (1987-current) he has worked on the development of guidelines and principles for user interface design (including the chairing committees for the development of ANSI and ISO standards), researched and advised on design collaboration, researched and developed speech-based systems (including the design of IBM's large vocabulary desktop speech recognition system), researched and designed electronic medical record systems for Kaiser Colorado Region and Barnes Hospital in St Louis), and information search and unstructured knowledge management, entertainment applications, personalization. John is currently involved in research on privacy and information system policy management. At IBM Research, he has been a researcher, project leader, and manager. John is currently co-leader of the IBM Privacy Research Institute, researcher on a project to enable end-to-end management of privacy policies in natural language, and project leader for an open collaborative research (OCR) initiative in privacy and security policy management with Carnegie Mellon and Purdue Universities. He has been awarded several patents (addressing speech recognition interfaces, and general help systems) and received a number of internal IBM awards for invention achievement and other contributions. Recent publications have been in the areas of speech user interfaces (best paper award at the 1999 IFIP INTERACT conference), personalization (including an edited book “Designing Personalized User Experiences in eCommerce” published by Kluwer), and development of a policy management workbench for privacy (Best paper nominee at ACM SIGCHI 2006). John has served ACM in a number of ways. He has been a member of the SIGCHI Extended Executive Committee since 1994, serving to expand its international base. From 1995 to 1998, he was a member of the Board of Directors for the ACM and IEEE/CS FOCUS organization (Federation on Computing in the United States) established to represent the US in the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP). John was the US representative to the IFIP Technical Committee on Human-Computer Interaction (TC13 from 1991 to 1998), the ACM representative to this organization from 1998 through 2006, and Chair of TC13 from 2001 to 2004. In this period he helped organize the first international HCI conferences in China (2002), India (2004), and Brazil (2007). He contributed to the expansion of the HCI field to bring design into a more prominent role - organizing an early workshop on the topic, and editing a book (“Taking software design seriously” published by Academic Press in 1991. John helped establish the successful ACM conference Designing Interactive Systems (DIS) in 1995 and chaired the conference in 2000. As a leading researcher in HCI, John has published over 60 articles in professional and technical journals, delivered keynote addresses at international conferences (most recently Asia Pacific CHI in Beijing in 2002 and India International Conference on HCI in Bangalore in 2004), taught courses, edited a book on software design techniques, and has authored numerous chapters in recently published books. Throughout his career he has balanced contributions to his employers with contribution to the professional community. He served as chair of national (ANSI 200) and international user interface standards development committees (ISO TC 159), on the editorial board for 3 Journals (International Journal of Cognitive Ergonomics, Universal Access in the Information Society, and Interactions) and as editor of one (Behaviour and Information Technology), has held executive positions in several professional societies, and is currently co-editor-in-chief of the Springer book series in human-computer-interaction.
Karat, Clare-Marie, Karat, John (2011): Industrial HCI Research: A Personal and Professional Perspective. In Journal of Usability Studies, 7 (1) pp. 1-8. https://usabilityprofessionals.org/upa_publications/jus/2011november/karat1.html
Karat, Clare-Marie, Brodie, Carolyn, Karat, John (2006): Usable privacy and security for personal information management. In Communications of the ACM, 49 (1) pp. 56-57. https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/1107458.1107491
Karat, John, Karat, Clare-Marie, Ukelson, Jacob P. (2000): The human element: affordances, motivation, and the design of user interfaces. In Communications of the ACM, 43 (8) pp. 49-51. https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/345124.345141
Karat, Clare-Marie, Halverson, Christine, Karat, John, Horn, Daniel (1999): Patterns of Entry and Correction in Large Vocabulary Continuous Speech Recognition Systems. In: Altom, Mark W., Williams, Marian G. (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 99 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference May 15-20, 1999, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. pp. 568-575. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/302979/p568-karat/p568-karat.pdf
Coble, Janette M., Karat, John, Kahn, Michael G. (1997): Maintaining a Focus on User Requirements Throughout the Development of Clinical Workstatio. In: Pemberton, Steven (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 97 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference March 22-27, 1997, Atlanta, Georgia. pp. 170-177. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/258549/p170-coble/p170-coble.pdf
Karat, John, Karat, Clare-Marie (1997): Future Ethics. In ACM SIGCHI Bulletin, 29 (1) pp. 4-6. https://www.acm.org/sigchi/bulletin/1997.1/international.html
Karat, John (1997): Evolving the Scope of User-Centered Design. In Communications of the ACM, 40 (7) pp. 33-38.
Karat, John (1996): User Centered Design: Quality or Quackery?. In Interactions, 3 (4) pp. 18-20. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/journals/interactions/1996-3-4/p18-karat/p18-karat.pdf
Karat, John, Karat, Clare-Marie (1996): Perspectives on Design and Internationalization. In ACM SIGCHI Bulletin, 28 (1) pp. 39-40. https://www.acm.org/sigchi/bulletin/1996.1/international.html
Karat, John, Dayton, Tom (1995): Practical Education for Improving Software Usability. In: Katz, Irvin R., Mack, Robert L., Marks, Linn, Rosson, Mary Beth, Nielsen, Jakob (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 95 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference May 7-11, 1995, Denver, Colorado. pp. 162-169. https://www.acm.org/sigchi/chi95/proceedings/papers/jk_bdy.htm
Karat, John (1995): World-Wide CHI: `Issue Process\' Featured at IFIP Congress \'94. In ACM SIGCHI Bulletin, 27 (2) pp. 11-14.
Karat, John (1994): International Perspectives: Joe\'s Diner, McDonald\'s, and SIGCHI. In ACM SIGCHI Bulletin, 26 (2) pp. 4-5.
Maguire, M., Dillon, Andrew, Brooke, John, Gerven, Johan van, Bevan, Nigel, Paci, Anna Maria, Karat, John, Shackel, Brian (1993): Usability Measurement -- Its Practical Value to the Computer Industry. In: Ashlund, Stacey, Mullet, Kevin, Henderson, Austin, Hollnagel, Erik, White, Ted (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 93 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference April 24-29, 1993, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. pp. 145-148. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/169059/p145-maguire/p145-maguire.pdf
Karat, John (1993): Defining Roles in International Communication within HCI. In ACM SIGCHI Bulletin, 25 (1) pp. 8-9.
Karat, John (1993): IFIP\'s Technical Committee on Information Systems. In ACM SIGCHI Bulletin, 25 (3) pp. 9-10.
Dayton, Tom, Barr, Bob, Burke, Pamela A., Cohill, Andrew M., Day, Mary Carol, Dray, Susan M., Ehrlich, Kate, Fitzsimmons, Lynne Axel, Henneman, Richard L., Hornstein, Susan B., Karat, John, Kliger, Jill (1993): Skills Needed by User-Centered Design Practitioners in Real Software Development Environme. In ACM SIGCHI Bulletin, 25 (3) pp. 16-31.
Karat, John (1991): International Perspectives: Some Thoughts on Differences between North American and Europe. In ACM SIGCHI Bulletin, 23 (4) pp. 9-10.
Karat, John, Bennett, John (1990): Supporting Effective and Efficient Design Meetings. In: Diaper, Dan, Gilmore, David J., Cockton, Gilbert, Shackel, Brian (eds.) INTERACT 90 - 3rd IFIP International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction August 27-31, 1990, Cambridge, UK. pp. 365-370.
Karat, John, Fowler, Richard, Gravelle, Mary (1987): Evaluating User Interface Complexity. In: Bullinger, Hans-Jorg, Shackel, Brian (eds.) INTERACT 87 - 2nd IFIP International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction September 1-4, 1987, Stuttgart, Germany. pp. 489-495.
Karat, John, McDonald, James E., Anderson, Matt (1984): A Comparison of Selection Techniques: Touch Panel, Mouse and Keyboard. In: Shackel, Brian (eds.) INTERACT 84 - 1st IFIP International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction September 4-7, 1984, London, UK. pp. 189-193.
Karat, Clare-Marie, Lund, Arnold, Coutaz, Joëlle, Karat, John (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 98 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference April 18-23, 1998, Los Angeles, California.
Sutcliffe, Alistair G., Karat, John, Bodker, Suzanne, Gaver, William (2006): Can we measure quality in design and do we need to?. In: Proceedings of DIS06: Designing Interactive Systems: Processes, Practices, Methods, & Techniques , 2006, . pp. 119-121. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1142405.1142425
Danis, Catalina, Karat, John (1995): Technology-Driven Design of Speech Recognition Systems. In: Proceedings of DIS95: Designing Interactive Systems: Processes, Practices, Methods, & Techniques , 1995, . pp. 17-24.
Wolf, Catherine G., Karat, John (1997): Capturing What is Needed in Multi-User System Design: Observations from the Design of Thre. In: Proceedings of DIS97: Designing Interactive Systems: Processes, Practices, Methods, & Techniques , 1997, . pp. 405-415. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/263552/p405-wolf/p405-wolf.pdf
Karat, John (1987): Evaluating User Interface Complexity. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 31st Annual Meeting , 1987, . pp. 566-570.
Karat, John (1989): The Relation of Psychological Theory to Human-Computer Interaction Standards. In: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction , 1989, . pp. 582-588.
Karat, Clare-Marie, Pinhanez, C., Karat, John, Arora, R., Vergo, J. (2001): Less Clicking, More Watching: Results of the Iterative Design and Evaluation of Entertaini. In: Proceedings of IFIP INTERACT01: Human-Computer Interaction , 2001, Tokyo, Japan. pp. 455-463.
Patil, S., Alpert, S. R., Karat, John, Wolf, Catherine G. (2005): \"THAT\'s What I Was Looking for\": Comparing User-Rated Relevance with Search Engine Rank. In: Proceedings of IFIP INTERACT05: Human-Computer Interaction , 2005, . pp. 117-129. https://www.springerlink.com/openurl.asp?genre=article&id=doi:10.1007/11555261_13
Brodie, Carolyn, Karat, Clare-Marie, Karat, John, Feng, Jinjuan (2005): Usable security and privacy: a case study of developing privacy management tools. In: Proceedings of the 2005 Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security , 2005, . pp. 35-43. https://cups.cs.cmu.edu/soups/2005/2005proceedings/p35-brodie.pdf
Vaniea, Kami, Karat, Clare-Marie, Gross, Joshua B., Karat, John, Brodie, Carolyn (2008): Evaluating assistance of natural language policy authoring. In: Proceedings of the 2008 Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security , 2008, . pp. 65-73. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1408664.1408674
Coble, Janette M., Karat, John, Orland, Matthew J., Kahn, Michael G. (1997): Iterative usability testing: Ensuring a usable clinical workstation. In: Proceedings of the AMIA Annual Fall Symposium , 1997, . pp. 744-748. https://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=2233491
Johnson, Maritza, Karat, John, Karat, Clare-Marie, Grueneberg, Keith (2010): Optimizing a policy authoring framework for security and privacy policies. In: Proceedings of the 2010 Symposium on Usable Privacy and Security , 2010, . pp. 8. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1837110.1837121
Carroll, John M., Alpert, Sherman R., Karat, John, Deusen, Mary S. Van, Rosson, Mary Beth (1994): Raison d'Etre: capturing design history and rationale in mutimedia narratives. In: Plaisant, Catherine (eds.) Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 1994, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, April 24-28, 1994, Conference Companion , 1994, . pp. 213. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/259963.260349