Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003

Publisher
ACM Press
Website
Year
2003
Period
November 5-7
Place
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
ISBN
1-58113-621-8
Series
ICMI - International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces
DOI
Volume
Copyright info

Description

The International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI) is an annual ACM-sponsored conference that promotes research in next-generation perceptive, adaptive and multimodal user interfaces. These new interfaces are especially well suited for interpreting natural communication and activity patterns in real-world environments.

All years

Articles

Jain, Anil K. (2003): Multimodal user interfaces: who\'s the user?. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 1. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958433

Reithinger, Norbert, Alexandersson, Jan, Becker, Tilman, Blocher, Anselm, Engel, Ralf, Lockelt, Markus, Müller, Jochen, Pfleger, Norbert, Poller, Peter, Streit, Michael, Tschernomas, Valentin (2003): SmartKom: adaptive and flexible multimodal access to multiple applications. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 101-108. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958454

Flippo, Frans, Krebs, Allan Meng, Marsic, Ivan (2003): A framework for rapid development of multimodal interfaces. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 109-116. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958455

Sinha, Anoop K., Landay, James A. (2003): Capturing user tests in a multimodal, multidevice informal prototyping tool. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 117-124. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958457

Kaiser, Edward C., Olwal, Alex, McGee, David, Benko, Hrvoje, Corradini, Andrea, Li, Xiaoguang, Cohen, Philip R., Feiner, Steven K. (2003): Mutual disambiguation of 3D multimodal interaction in augmented and virtual reality. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 12-19. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958438

Fang, Gaolin, Gao, Wen, Zhao, Debin (2003): Large vocabulary sign language recognition based on hierarchical decision trees. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 125-131. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958458

Xiong, Yingen, Quek, Francis K. H., McNeill, David (2003): Hand motion gestural oscillations and multimodal discourse. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 132-139. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958459

Nickel, Kai, Stiefelhagen, Rainer (2003): Pointing gesture recognition based on 3D-tracking of face, hands and head orientation. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 140-146. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958460

Ko, Teresa, Demirdjian, David, Darrell, Trevor (2003): Untethered gesture acquisition and recognition for a multimodal conversational system. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 147-150. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958461

Kaur, Manpreet, Tremaine, Marilyn M., Huang, Ning, Wilder, Joseph, Gacovski, Zoran, Flippo, Frans, Mantravadi, Chandra Sekhar (2003): Where is \"it\"? Event Synchronization in Gaze-Speech Input Systems. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 151-158. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958463

Rudmann, Darrell S., McConkie, George W., Zheng, Xianjun Sam (2003): Eyetracking in cognitive state detection for HCI. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 159-163. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958464

Yu, Chen, Ballard, Dana H. (2003): A multimodal learning interface for grounding spoken language in sensory perceptions. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 164-171. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958465

Massaro, Dominic W. (2003): A computer-animated tutor for spoken and written language learning. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 172-175. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958466

Gorniak, Peter, Roy, Deb (2003): Augmenting user interfaces with adaptive speech commands. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 176-179. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958467

Käster, Thomas, Pfeiffer, Michael, Bauckhage, Christian (2003): Combining speech and haptics for intuitive and efficient navigation through image database. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 180-187. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958469

Atienza, Rowel, Zelinsky, Alexander (2003): Interactive skills using active gaze tracking. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 188-195. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958470

Tan, Yeow Kee, Sherkat, Nasser, Allen, Tony (2003): Error recovery in a blended style eye gaze and speech interface. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 196-202. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958471

Marshall, Sandra P. (2003): New techniques for evaluating innovative interfaces with eye tracking. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 2. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958434

Horvitz, Eric, Apacible, Johnson (2003): Learning and reasoning about interruption. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 20-27. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958440

Laerhoven, Kristof van, Villar, Nicolas, Schmidt, Albrecht, Kortuem, Gerd, Gellersen, Hans-Werner (2003): Using an autonomous cube for basic navigation and input. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 203-210. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958472

Wilson, Andrew, Oliver, Nuria (2003): GWindows: robust stereo vision for gesture-based control of windows. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 211-218. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958473

Gorniak, Peter, Roy, Deb (2003): A visually grounded natural language interface for reference to spatial scenes. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 219-226. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958474

Ruddarraju, Ravikrishna, Haro, Antonio, Nagel, Kris, Tran, Quan T., Essa, Irfan A., Abowd, Gregory D., Mynatt, Elizabeth D. (2003): Perceptual user interfaces using vision-based eye tracking. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 227-233. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958475

Li, Yang, Landay, James A., Guan, Zhiwei, Ren, Xiangshi, Dai, Guozhong (2003): Sketching informal presentations. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 234-241. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958476

Ou, Jiazhi, Fussell, Susan R., Chen, Xilin, Setlock, Leslie D., Yang, Jie (2003): Gestural communication over video stream: supporting multimodal interaction for remote col. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 242-249. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958477

Qvarfordt, Pernilla, Jonsson, Arne, Dahlbäck, Nils (2003): The role of spoken feedback in experiencing multimodal interfaces as human-like. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 250-257. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958478

Michel, Philipp, Kaliouby, Rana El (2003): Real time facial expression recognition in video using support vector machines. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 258-264. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958479

Xiao, Benfang, Lunsford, Rebecca, Coulston, Rachel, Wesson, R. Matthews, Oviatt, Sharon L. (2003): Modeling multimodal integration patterns and performance in seniors: toward adaptive proce. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 265-272. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958480

Zahariev, Mihaela A., MacKenzie, Christine L. (2003): Auditory, graphical and haptic contact cues for a reach, grasp, and place task in an augme. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 273-276. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958481

Chan, Chi-Ho, Lyons, Michael J., Tetsutani, Nobuji (2003): Mouthbrush: drawing and painting by hand and mouth. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 277-280. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958482

Lang, Sebastian, Kleinehagenbrock, Marcus, Hohenner, Sascha, Fritsch, Jannik, Fink, Gernot A., Sagerer, Gerhard (2003): Providing the basis for human-robot-interaction: a multi-modal attention system for a mobi. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 28-35. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958441

Katsurada, Kouichi, Nakamura, Yusaku, Yamada, Hirobumi, Nitta, Tsuneo (2003): XISL: a language for describing multimodal interaction scenarios. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 281-284. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958483

Bauer, Daniel, Hollan, James D. (2003): IRYS: a visualization tool for temporal analysis of multimodal interaction. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 285-288. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958484

Hazen, Timothy J., Weinstein, Eugene, Park, Alex (2003): Towards robust person recognition on handheld devices using face and speaker identificatio. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 289-292. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958485

Abrilian, Sarkis, Martin, Jean-Claude, Buisine, Stephanie (2003): Algorithms for controlling cooperation between output modalities in 2D embodied conversati. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 293-296. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958486

Wilhelm, Torsten, Bohme, Hans-Joachim, Gross, Horst-Michael (2003): Towards an attentive robotic dialog partner. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 297-300. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958487

Spence, Charles (2003): Crossmodal attention and multisensory integration: implications for multimodal interface d. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 3. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958435

Payandeh, Shahram, Dill, John, Wilson, Graham, Zhang, Hui, Shi, Lilong, Lomax, Alan J., MacKenzie, Christine L. (2003): Demo: a multi-modal training environment for surgeons. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 301-302. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958489

Paiva, Ana, Prada, Rui, Chaves, Ricardo, Vala, Marco, Bullock, Adrian, Andersson, Gerd, Hook, Kristina (2003): Demo: playingfFantasyA with senToy. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 303-304. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958490

Oliver, Nuria, Horvitz, Eric (2003): Selective perception policies for guiding sensing and computation in multimodal systems: a. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 36-43. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958442

Bozorgui-Nesbat, Saied (2003): A system for fast, full-text entry for small electronic devices. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 4-11. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958437

Oviatt, Sharon L., Coulston, Rachel, Tomko, Stefanie, Xiao, Benfang, Lunsford, Rebecca, Wesson, R. Matthews, Carmichael, Lesley (2003): Toward a theory of organized multimodal integration patterns during human-computer interac. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 44-51. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958443

Swindells, Colin, Unden, Alex, Sang, Tao (2003): TorqueBAR: an ungrounded haptic feedback device. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 52-59. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958445

Paiva, Ana, Prada, Rui, Chaves, Ricardo, Vala, Marco, Bullock, Adrian, Andersson, Gerd, Hook, Kristina (2003): Towards tangibility in gameplay: building a tangible affective interface for a computer ga. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 60-67. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958446

Snelick, Robert, Indovina, Mike, Yen, James, Mink, Alan (2003): Multimodal biometrics: issues in design and testing. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 68-72. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958447

Adelstein, Bernard D., Begault, Durand R., Anderson, Mark R., Wenzel, Elizabeth M. (2003): Sensitivity to haptic-audio asynchrony. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 73-76. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958448

Siracusa, Michael, Morency, Louis-Philippe, Wilson, Kevin, III, John W. Fisher, Darrell, Trevor (2003): A multi-modal approach for determining speaker location and focus. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 77-80. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958449

Hinckley, Ken (2003): Distributed and local sensing techniques for face-to-face collaboration. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 81-84. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958450

Westeyn, Tracy L., Brashear, Helene, Atrash, Amin, Starner, Thad (2003): Georgia tech gesture toolkit: supporting experiments in gesture recognition. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 85-92. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958452

Elting, Christian, Rapp, Stefan, Mohler, Gregor, Strube, Michael (2003): Architecture and implementation of multimodal plug and play. In: Oviatt, Sharon L., Darrell, Trevor, Maybury, Mark T., Wahlster, Wolfgang (eds.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces - ICMI 2003 November 5-7, 2003, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. pp. 93-100. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/958432.958453