W. Bruce Croft

Personal Homepage
http://ciir.cs.umass.edu/personnel/croft.html
Employer
()
Email
croft@cs.umass.edu

Publication Statistics

Publication period start
1984
Publication period end
2012
Number of co-authors
117

Co-authors
Number of publications with favourite co-authors

Productive Colleagues
Most productive colleagues in number of publications

Publications

Bendersky, Michael, Croft, W. Bruce (2012): Modeling higher-order term dependencies in information retrieval using query hypergraphs. In: Proceedings of the 35th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2012, . pp. 941-950. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2348283.2348408

Xue, Xiaobing, Croft, W. Bruce (2012): Generating reformulation trees for complex queries. In: Proceedings of the 35th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2012, . pp. 525-534. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2348283.2348355

Dang, Van, Croft, W. Bruce (2012): Diversity by proportionality: an election-based approach to search result diversification. In: Proceedings of the 35th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2012, . pp. 65-74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2348283.2348296

Kim, Jin Young, Croft, W. Bruce (2012): A field relevance model for structured document retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 2012 BCS-IRSG European Conference on Information Retrieval , 2012, . pp. 97-108. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-28997-2_9

Xue, Xiaobing, Croft, W. Bruce (2011): Modeling subset distributions for verbose queries. In: Proceedings of the 34th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2011, . pp. 1133-1134. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2009916.2010085

Kim, Youngho, Seo, Jangwon, Croft, W. Bruce (2011): Automatic boolean query suggestion for professional search. In: Proceedings of the 34th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2011, . pp. 825-834. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2009916.2010026

Bendersky, Michael, Metzler, Donald, Croft, W. Bruce (2011): Parameterized concept weighting in verbose queries. In: Proceedings of the 34th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2011, . pp. 605-614. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2009916.2009998

Seo, Jangwon, Croft, W. Bruce (2010): Geometric representations for multiple documents. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2010, . pp. 251-258. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1835449.1835493

Park, Jae Hyun, Croft, W. Bruce (2010): Query term ranking based on dependency parsing of verbose queries. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2010, . pp. 829-830. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1835449.1835637

Huston, Samuel, Croft, W. Bruce (2010): Evaluating verbose query processing techniques. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2010, . pp. 291-298. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1835449.1835499

Dang, Van, Bendersky, Michael, Croft, W. Bruce (2010): Learning to rank query reformulations. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2010, . pp. 807-808. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1835449.1835626

Seo, Jangwon, Croft, W. Bruce (2010): Unsupervised estimation of dirichlet smoothing parameters. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2010, . pp. 759-760. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1835449.1835602

Kim, Jinyoung, Croft, W. Bruce (2010): Ranking using multiple document types in desktop search. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2010, . pp. 50-57. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1835449.1835461

Petkova, Desislava, Croft, W. Bruce, Diao, Yanlei (2009): Refining Keyword Queries for XML Retrieval by Combining Content and Structure. In: Boughanem, Mohand, Berrut, Catherine, Mothe, Josiane, Soulé-Dupuy, Chantal (eds.) Advances in Information Retrieval - 31th European Conference on IR Research - ECIR 2009 April 6-9, 2009, 2009, Toulouse, France. pp. 662-669. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-00958-7_63

Kim, Jinyoung, Xue, Xiaobing, Croft, W. Bruce (2009): A Probabilistic Retrieval Model for Semistructured Data. In: Boughanem, Mohand, Berrut, Catherine, Mothe, Josiane, Soulé-Dupuy, Chantal (eds.) Advances in Information Retrieval - 31th European Conference on IR Research - ECIR 2009 April 6-9, 2009, 2009, Toulouse, France. pp. 228-239. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-00958-7_22

Croft, W. Bruce (2009): Query Evolution. In: Boughanem, Mohand, Berrut, Catherine, Mothe, Josiane, Soulé-Dupuy, Chantal (eds.) Advances in Information Retrieval - 31th European Conference on IR Research - ECIR 2009 April 6-9, 2009, 2009, Toulouse, France. pp. 1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-00958-7_1

Bendersky, Michael, Croft, W. Bruce, Smith, David A. (2009): Two-stage query segmentation for information retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 32nd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2009, . pp. 810-811. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1571941.1572140

Xue, Xiaoibng, Croft, W. Bruce (2009): Transforming patents into prior-art queries. In: Proceedings of the 32nd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2009, . pp. 808-809. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1571941.1572139

Lease, Matthew, Allan, James, Croft, W. Bruce (2009): Regression Rank: Learning to Meet the Opportunity of Descriptive Queries. In: Boughanem, Mohand, Berrut, Catherine, Mothe, Josiane, Soulé-Dupuy, Chantal (eds.) Advances in Information Retrieval - 31th European Conference on IR Research - ECIR 2009 April 6-9, 2009, 2009, Toulouse, France. pp. 90-101. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-00958-7_11

Lee, Kyung Soon, Croft, W. Bruce, Allan, James (2008): A cluster-based resampling method for pseudo-relevance feedback. In: Proceedings of the 31st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2008, . pp. 235-242. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1390334.1390376

Croft, W. Bruce (2008): Unsolved problems in search: (and how we approach them). In: Shanahan, James G., Amer-Yahia, Sihem, Manolescu, Ioana, Zhang, Yi, Evans, David A., Kolcz, Aleksander, Choi, Key-Sun, Chowdhury, Abdur (eds.) Proceedings of the 17th ACM Conference on Information and Knowledge Management - CIKM 2008 October 26-30, 2008, Napa Valley, California, USA. pp. 1001. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1458082.1458085

Xue, Xiaobing, Jeon, Jiwoon, Croft, W. Bruce (2008): Retrieval models for question and answer archives. In: Proceedings of the 31st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2008, . pp. 475-482. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1390334.1390416

Bendersky, Michael, Croft, W. Bruce (2008): Discovering key concepts in verbose queries. In: Proceedings of the 31st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2008, . pp. 491-498. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1390334.1390419

Liu, Xiaoyong, Croft, W. Bruce (2008): Evaluating Text Representations for Retrieval of the Best Group of Documents. In: Macdonald, Craig, Ounis, Iadh, Plachouras, Vassilis, Ruthven, Ian, White, Ryen W. (eds.) Advances in Information Retrieval - 30th European Conference on IR Research - ECIR 2008 March 30-April 3, 2008, Glasgow, UK. pp. 454-462. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-78646-7_43

Seo, Jangwon, Croft, W. Bruce (2008): Local text reuse detection. In: Proceedings of the 31st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2008, . pp. 571-578. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1390334.1390432

Metzler, Donald, Strohman, Trevor, Croft, W. Bruce (2008): A Statistical View of Binned Retrieval Models. In: Macdonald, Craig, Ounis, Iadh, Plachouras, Vassilis, Ruthven, Ian, White, Ryen W. (eds.) Advances in Information Retrieval - 30th European Conference on IR Research - ECIR 2008 March 30-April 3, 2008, Glasgow, UK. pp. 175-186. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-78646-7_18

Seo, Jangwon, Croft, W. Bruce (2008): Blog site search using resource selection. In: Shanahan, James G., Amer-Yahia, Sihem, Manolescu, Ioana, Zhang, Yi, Evans, David A., Kolcz, Aleksander, Choi, Key-Sun, Chowdhury, Abdur (eds.) Proceedings of the 17th ACM Conference on Information and Knowledge Management - CIKM 2008 October 26-30, 2008, Napa Valley, California, USA. pp. 1053-1062. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1458082.1458222

Zhou, Yun, Croft, W. Bruce (2007): Query performance prediction in web search environments. In: Proceedings of the 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2007, . pp. 543-550. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1277741.1277835

Strohman, Trevor, Croft, W. Bruce (2007): Efficient document retrieval in main memory. In: Proceedings of the 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2007, . pp. 175-182. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1277741.1277774

Petkova, Desislava, Croft, W. Bruce (2007): Proximity-based document representation for named entity retrieval. In: Silva, Mario J., Laender, Alberto H. F., Baeza-Yates, Ricardo A., McGuinness, Deborah L., Olstad, Bjørn, Olsen, Øystein Haug, Falcão, André O. (eds.) Proceedings of the Sixteenth ACM Conference on Information and Knowledge Management - CIKM 2007 November 6-10, 2007, Lisbon, Portugal. pp. 731-740. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1321440.1321542

Balasubramanian, Niranjan, Allan, James, Croft, W. Bruce (2007): A comparison of sentence retrieval techniques. In: Proceedings of the 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2007, . pp. 813-814. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1277741.1277922

Yi, Xing, Allan, James, Croft, W. Bruce (2007): Matching resumes and jobs based on relevance models. In: Proceedings of the 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2007, . pp. 809-810. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1277741.1277920

Wei, Xing, Croft, W. Bruce (2007): Modeling Term Associations for Ad-Hoc Retrieval Performance Within Language Modeling Frame. In: Amati, Giambattista, Carpineto, Claudio, Romano, Giovanni (eds.) Advances in Information Retrieva - 29th European Conference on IR Research - ECIR 2007 April 2-5, 2007, Rome, Italy. pp. 52-63. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-71496-5_8

Strohman, Trevor, Croft, W. Bruce, Jensen, David (2007): Recommending citations for academic papers. In: Proceedings of the 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2007, . pp. 705-706. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1277741.1277868

Metzler, Donald, Croft, W. Bruce (2007): Latent concept expansion using markov random fields. In: Proceedings of the 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2007, . pp. 311-318. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1277741.1277796

Jeon, Jiwoon, Croft, W. Bruce, Lee, Joon Ho, Park, Soyeon (2006): A framework to predict the quality of answers with non-textual features. In: Proceedings of the 29th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2006, . pp. 228-235. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1148170.1148212

Liu, Xiaoyong, Croft, W. Bruce (2006): Representing clusters for retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 29th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2006, . pp. 671-672. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1148170.1148310

Shah, Chirag, Croft, W. Bruce, Jensen, David (2006): Representing documents with named entities for story link detection (SLD). In: Yu, Philip S., Tsotras, Vassilis J., Fox, Edward A., Liu, Bing (eds.) Proceedings of the 2006 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 6-11, 2006, Arlington, Virginia, USA. pp. 868-869. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1183614.1183771

Zhou, Yun, Croft, W. Bruce (2006): Ranking robustness: a novel framework to predict query performance. In: Yu, Philip S., Tsotras, Vassilis J., Fox, Edward A., Liu, Bing (eds.) Proceedings of the 2006 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 6-11, 2006, Arlington, Virginia, USA. pp. 567-574. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1183614.1183696

Eguchi, Koji, Croft, W. Bruce (2006): Boosting relevance model performance with query term dependence. In: Yu, Philip S., Tsotras, Vassilis J., Fox, Edward A., Liu, Bing (eds.) Proceedings of the 2006 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 6-11, 2006, Arlington, Virginia, USA. pp. 792-793. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1183614.1183733

Li, Xiaoyan, Croft, W. Bruce (2006): Improving novelty detection for general topics using sentence level information patterns. In: Yu, Philip S., Tsotras, Vassilis J., Fox, Edward A., Liu, Bing (eds.) Proceedings of the 2006 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 6-11, 2006, Arlington, Virginia, USA. pp. 238-247. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1183614.1183652

Zhou, Yun, Croft, W. Bruce (2005): Document quality models for web ad hoc retrieval. In: Herzog, Otthein, Schek, Hans-Jorg, Fuhr, Norbert (eds.) Proceedings of the 2005 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management October 31 - November 5, 2005, Bremen, Germany. pp. 331-332. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1099554.1099652

Metzler, Donald, Bernstein, Yaniv, Croft, W. Bruce, Moffat, Alistair, Zobel, Justin (2005): Similarity measures for tracking information flow. In: Herzog, Otthein, Schek, Hans-Jorg, Fuhr, Norbert (eds.) Proceedings of the 2005 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management October 31 - November 5, 2005, Bremen, Germany. pp. 517-524. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1099554.1099695

Li, Xiaoyan, Croft, W. Bruce (2005): Novelty detection based on sentence level patterns. In: Herzog, Otthein, Schek, Hans-Jorg, Fuhr, Norbert (eds.) Proceedings of the 2005 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management October 31 - November 5, 2005, Bremen, Germany. pp. 744-751. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1099554.1099734

Liu, Xiaoyong, Croft, W. Bruce, Koll, Matthew B. (2005): Finding experts in community-based question-answering services. In: Herzog, Otthein, Schek, Hans-Jorg, Fuhr, Norbert (eds.) Proceedings of the 2005 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management October 31 - November 5, 2005, Bremen, Germany. pp. 315-316. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1099554.1099644

Metzler, Donald, Bernstein, Yaniv, Croft, W. Bruce, Moffat, Alistair, Zobel, Justin (2005): The recap system for identifying information flow. In: Proceedings of the 28th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2005, . pp. 678. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1076034.1076190

Abiteboul, Serge, Agrawal, Rakesh, Bernstein, Philip A., Carey, Michael J., Ceri, Stefano, Croft, W. Bruce, DeWitt, David J., Franklin, Michael J., Garcia-Molina, Hector, Gawlick, Dieter, Gray, Jim, Haas, Laura M., Halevy, Alon Y., Hellerstein, Joseph M., Ioannidis, Yannis E., Kersten, Martin L., Pazzani, Michael J. (2005): The Lowell database research self-assessment. In Communications of the ACM, 48 (5) pp. 111-118. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1060710.1060718

Jeon, Jiwoon, Croft, W. Bruce, Lee, Joon Ho (2005): Finding similar questions in large question and answer archives. In: Herzog, Otthein, Schek, Hans-Jorg, Fuhr, Norbert (eds.) Proceedings of the 2005 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management October 31 - November 5, 2005, Bremen, Germany. pp. 84-90. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1099554.1099572

Jeon, Jiwoon, Croft, W. Bruce, Lee, Joon Ho (2005): Finding semantically similar questions based on their answers. In: Proceedings of the 28th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2005, . pp. 617-618. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1076034.1076156

Strohman, Trevor, Turtle, Howard, Croft, W. Bruce (2005): Optimization strategies for complex queries. In: Proceedings of the 28th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2005, . pp. 219-225. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1076034.1076074

Croft, W. Bruce, Callan, Jamie (2004): A Language Modeling Approach to Metadata for Cross-Database Linkage and Search. In: DG.O 2004 , 2004, . http://dgrc.org/dgo2004/disc/presentations/integration/croft.pdf

Corrada-Emmanuel, Andres, Croft, W. Bruce (2004): Answer models for question answering passage retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 27th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2004, . pp. 516-517. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1008992.1009098

Cronen-Townsend, Stephen, Zhou, Yun, Croft, W. Bruce (2004): A framework for selective query expansion. In: Grossman, David A., Gravano, Luis, Zhai, Chengxiang, Herzog, Otthein, Evans, David A. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2004 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 8-13, 2004, Washington, DC, USA. pp. 236-237. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1031171.1031220

Liu, Xiaoyong, Croft, W. Bruce (2004): Cluster-based retrieval using language models. In: Proceedings of the 27th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2004, . pp. 186-193. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1008992.1009026

Shah, Chirag, Croft, W. Bruce (2004): Evaluating high accuracy retrieval techniques. In: Proceedings of the 27th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2004, . pp. 2-9. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1008992.1008996

Metzler, Donald, Lavrenko, Victor, Croft, W. Bruce (2004): Formal multiple-bernoulli models for language modeling. In: Proceedings of the 27th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2004, . pp. 540-541. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1008992.1009110

Liu, Xiaoyong, Croft, W. Bruce, Oh, Paul, Hart, David (2004): Automatic recognition of reading levels from user queries. In: Proceedings of the 27th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2004, . pp. 548-549. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1008992.1009114

Wei, Xing, Croft, W. Bruce, Pinto, David (2004): Question Answering Performance on Table Data. In: DG.O 2004 , 2004, . http://dgrc.org/dgo2004/disc/posters/tuesposters/p_wei.pdf

Lawrie, Dawn J., Croft, W. Bruce (2003): Generating hierarchical summaries for web searches. In: Proceedings of the 26th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2003, . pp. 457-458. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/860435.860549

Pinto, David, McCallum, Andrew, Wei, Xing, Croft, W. Bruce (2003): Table Extraction Using Conditional Random Fields. In: DG.O 2003 , 2003, . http://diggov.org/dgrc/dgo2003/cdrom/POSTERS/pinto.pdf

Pinto, David, McCallum, Andrew, Wei, Xing, Croft, W. Bruce (2003): Table extraction using conditional random fields. In: Proceedings of the 26th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2003, . pp. 235-242. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/860435.860479

Croft, W. Bruce (2003): Information retrieval and computer science: an evolving relationship. In: Proceedings of the 26th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2003, . pp. 2-3. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/860435.860437

Li, Xiaoyan, Croft, W. Bruce (2003): Time-based language models. In: Proceedings of the 2003 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 2-8, 2003, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. pp. 469-475. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/956863.956951

Nallapati, Ramesh, Croft, W. Bruce, Allan, James (2003): Relevant query feedback in statistical language modeling. In: Proceedings of the 2003 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 2-8, 2003, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. pp. 560-563. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/956863.956973

Kelly, Diane, Yuan, Xiao-Jun, Belkin, Nicholas J., Murdock, Vanessa, Croft, W. Bruce (2002): Features of documents relevant to task- and fact-oriented questions. In: Proceedings of the 2002 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 4-9, 2002, McLean, VA, USA. pp. 645-647. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/584792.584907

Liu, Xiaoyong, Croft, W. Bruce (2002): Passage retrieval based on language models. In: Proceedings of the 2002 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 4-9, 2002, McLean, VA, USA. pp. 375-382. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/584792.584854

Luk, Robert W. P., Leong, Hong Va, Dillon, Tharam S., Chan, Alvin T. S., Croft, W. Bruce, Allan, James (2002): A survey in indexing and searching XML documents. In JASIST - Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 53 (6) pp. 415-437.

Murdock, Vanessa, Croft, W. Bruce (2002): Task orientation in question answering. In: Proceedings of the 25th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2002, . pp. 355-356. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/564376.564441

Cronen-Townsend, Steve, Zhou, Yun, Croft, W. Bruce (2002): Predicting query performance. In: Proceedings of the 25th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2002, . pp. 299-306. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/564376.564429

Lavrenko, Victor, Choquette, Martin, Croft, W. Bruce (2002): Cross-lingual relevance models. In: Proceedings of the 25th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2002, . pp. 175-182. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/564376.564408

Pinto, David, Branstein, Michael, Coleman, Ryan, Croft, W. Bruce, King, Matthew, Li, Wei, Wei, Xing (2002): QuASM: a system for question answering using semi-structured data. In: JCDL02: Proceedings of the 2nd ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries , 2002, . pp. 46-55. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/544220.544228

Lawrie, Dawn, Croft, W. Bruce, Rosenberg, Arnold (2001): Finding topic words for hierarchical summarization. In: Proceedings of the 24th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2001, . pp. 349-357. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/383952.384022

Lavrenko, Victor, Croft, W. Bruce (2001): Relevance based language models. In: Proceedings of the 24th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2001, . pp. 120-127. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/383952.383972

Xu, Jinxi, Croft, W. Bruce (2000): Improving the effectiveness of information retrieval with local context analysis. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 18 (1) pp. 79-112. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/333135.333138

Song, Fei, Croft, W. Bruce (1999): A General Language Model for Information Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 1999 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 2-6, 1999, Kansas City, Missouri, USA. pp. 316-321. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/319950.320022

Song, Fei, Croft, W. Bruce (1999): A General Language Model for Information Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 22nd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1999, . pp. 279-280. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/312624/p279-song/p279-song.pdf

Greiff, Warren R., Croft, W. Bruce, Turtle, Howard (1999): PIC matrices: a computationally tractable class of probabilistic query operators. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 17 (4) pp. 367-405. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/326440.326444

Xu, Jinxi, Croft, W. Bruce (1999): Cluster-Based Language Models for Distributed Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 22nd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1999, . pp. 254-261. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/312624/p254-xu/p254-xu.pdf

Ponte, Jay M., Croft, W. Bruce (1998): A Language Modeling Approach to Information Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 21st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1998, . pp. 275-281. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/290941/p275-ponte/p275-ponte.pdf

Ballesteros, Lisa, Croft, W. Bruce (1998): Resolving Ambiguity for Cross-Language Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 21st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1998, . pp. 64-71. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/290941/p64-ballesteros/p64-ballesteros.pdf

Xu, Jinxi, Croft, W. Bruce (1998): Corpus-Based Stemming using Cooccurrence of Word Variants. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 16 (1) pp. 61-81. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/journals/tois/1998-16-1/p61-xu/p61-xu.pdf

Shneiderman, Ben, Byrd, Donald, Croft, W. Bruce (1998): Sorting Out Searching: A User-Interface Framework for Text Searches. In Communications of the ACM, 41 (4) pp. 95-98.

Greiff, Warren R., Croft, W. Bruce, Turtle, Howard (1997): Computationally Tractable Probabilistic Modelling of Boolean Operators. In: Proceedings of the 20th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1997, . pp. 119-128. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/258525/p119-greiff/p119-greiff.pdf

Ballesteros, Lisa, Croft, W. Bruce (1997): Phrasal Translation and Query Expansion Techniques for Cross-Language Information Retrieva. In: Proceedings of the 20th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1997, . pp. 84-91. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/258525/p84-ballesteros/p84-ballesteros.pdf

Pyreddy, Pallavi, Croft, W. Bruce (1997): TINTIN: A System for Retrieval in Text Tables. In: DL97: Proceedings of the 2nd ACM International Conference on Digital Libraries , 1997, . pp. 193-200. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/dl/263690/p193-pyreddy/p193-pyreddy.pdf

Larkey, Leah S., Croft, W. Bruce (1996): Combining Classifiers in Text Categorization. In: Proceedings of the 19th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1996, . pp. 289-297. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/243199/p289-larkey/p289-larkey.pdf

Xu, Jinxi, Croft, W. Bruce (1996): Query Expansion Using Local and Global Document Analysis. In: Proceedings of the 19th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1996, . pp. 4-11. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/243199/p4-xu/p4-xu.pdf

Manmatha, R., Han, Chengfeng, Riseman, E. M., Croft, W. Bruce (1996): Indexing Handwriting Using Word Matching. In: DL96: Proceedings of the 1st ACM International Conference on Digital Libraries , 1996, . pp. 151-159. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/dl/226931/p151-manmatha/p151-manmatha.pdf

Croft, W. Bruce, Broglio, John, Fujii, Hideo (1996): Applications of Multilingual Text Retrieval. In: HICSS 1996 , 1996, . pp. 98-. http://csdl.computer.org/comp/proceedings/hicss/1996/7426/00/74260098abs.htm

Rajashekar, T. B., Croft, W. Bruce (1995): Combining Automatic and Manual Index Representations in Probabilistic Retrieval. In JASIST - Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 46 (4) pp. 272-283.

Croft, W. Bruce (1995): NSF Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval. In Communications of the ACM, 38 (4) pp. 42-43.

Callan, James P., Lu, Zhihong, Croft, W. Bruce (1995): Searching Distributed Collections with Inference Networks. In: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1995, . pp. 21-28. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/215206/p21-callan/p21-callan.pdf

Fujii, Hideo, Croft, W. Bruce (1993): A Comparison of Indexing Techniques for Japanese Text Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1993, . pp. 237-246. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/160688/p237-fujii/p237-fujii.pdf

Belkin, Nicholas J., Cool, C., Croft, W. Bruce, Callan, J. P. (1993): The Effect of Multiple Query Representations on Information Retrieval System Performance. In: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1993, . pp. 339-346. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/160688/p339-belkin/p339-belkin.pdf

Callan, James P., Croft, W. Bruce (1993): An Evaluation of Query Processing Strategies Using the TIPSTER Collection. In: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1993, . pp. 347-355. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/160688/p347-callan/p347-callan.pdf

Haines, David, Croft, W. Bruce (1993): Relevance Feedback and Inference Networks. In: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1993, . pp. 2-11. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/160688/p2-haines/p2-haines.pdf

Croft, W. Bruce, Smith, Lisa A., Turtle, Howard (1992): A Loosely-Coupled Integration of a Text Retrieval System and an Object-Oriented Database S. In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1992, . pp. 223-232. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/133160/p223-croft/p223-croft.pdf

Croft, W. Bruce, Fuhr, Norbert, Harman, Donna, Stanfill, Craig (1992): Experience with Large Document Collections. In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1992, . pp. 347. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/133160/p347-croft/p347-croft.pdf

Krovetz, Robert, Croft, W. Bruce (1992): Lexical Ambiguity and Information Retrieval. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 10 (2) pp. 115-141. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/journals/tois/1992-10-2/p115-krovetz/p115-krovetz.pdf

Belkin, Nicholas J., Croft, W. Bruce (1992): Information Filtering and Information Retrieval: Two Sides of the Same Coin?. In Communications of the ACM, 35 (12) pp. 29-38.

Croft, W. Bruce (1991): Editorial. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 9 (3) pp. 185.

Turtle, Howard, Croft, W. Bruce (1991): Evaluation of an Inference Network-Based Retrieval Model. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 9 (3) pp. 187-222. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/journals/tois/1991-9-3/p187-turtle/p187-turtle.pdf

Croft, W. Bruce, Turtle, Howard, Lewis, David D. (1991): The Use of Phrases and Structured Queries in Information Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1991, . pp. 32-45. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/122860/p32-croft/p32-croft.pdf

Croft, W. Bruce, Belkin, Nicholas J., Bruandet, Marie-France, Kuhlen, Rainer, Oren, Tim (1990): Hypertext and Information Retrieval: What are the Fundamental Concepts?. In: Rizk, Antoine, Streitz, Norbert A., Andre, Jacques (eds.) ECHT 90 - European Conference on Hypertext November 27-30, 1990, Versailles, France. pp. 362-366.

Turtle, Howard, Croft, W. Bruce (1990): Inference Networks for Document Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1990, . pp. 1-24.

Croft, W. Bruce, Das, Raj (1990): Experiments with Query Acquisition and Use in Document Retrieval Systems. In: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1990, . pp. 349-368.

Lewis, David D., Croft, W. Bruce (1990): Term Clustering of Syntactic Phrases. In: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1990, . pp. 385-404.

Mahling, Dirk E., Croft, W. Bruce (1990): An Interface for the Acquisition and Display of Office Procedures. In: Lochovsky, Frederick H., Allen, Robert (eds.) Proceedings of the Conference on Office Information Systems 1990 April 25-27, 1990, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. pp. 123-130.

Mahling, Dirk E., Sandvik, Oddmar A., Croft, W. Bruce (1990): Visual Interaction Between End Users and Goal Based Systems. In: VL 1990 , 1990, . pp. 182-186.

Mahling, Dirk E., Croft, W. Bruce (1989): Relating Human Knowledge of Tasks to the Requirements of Plan Libraries. In International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 31 (1) pp. 61-97.

Thompson, R. H., Croft, W. Bruce (1989): Support for Browsing in an Intelligent Text Retrieval System. In International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 30 (6) pp. 639-668.

Croft, W. Bruce (1989): Research and Development in Information Retrieval. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 7 (3) pp. 181-182.

Croft, W. Bruce, Turtle, Howard (1989): A Retrieval Model for Incorporating Hypertext Links. In: Halasz, Frank, Meyrowitz, Norman (eds.) Proceedings of ACM Hypertext 89 Conference November 5-8, 1989, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. pp. 213-224.

Krovetz, Robert, Croft, W. Bruce (1989): Word Sense Disambiguation Using Machine-Readable Dictionaries. In: Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1989, . pp. 127-136.

Croft, W. Bruce, Savino, Pasquale (1988): Implementing Ranking Strategies Using Text Signatures. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 6 (1) pp. 42-62.

Croft, W. Bruce, Lefkowitz, Lawrence S. (1988): Using a Planner to Support Office Work. In: Allen, Robert (eds.) Proceedings of the Conference on Office Information Systems 1988 March 23-25, 1988, Palo Alto, California, USA. pp. 55-62.

Croft, W. Bruce, Krovetz, Robert (1988): Interactive Retrieval of Office Documents. In: Allen, Robert (eds.) Proceedings of the Conference on Office Information Systems 1988 March 23-25, 1988, Palo Alto, California, USA. pp. 228-235.

Croft, W. Bruce, Lucia, T. J., Cohen, P. R. (1988): Retrieving Documents by Plausible Inference: A Preliminary Study. In: Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1988, . pp. 481-494.

Borgman, Christine L., Belkin, Nicholas J., Croft, W. Bruce, Lesk, Michael E., Landauer, Thomas K. (1988): Retrieval Systems for the Information Seeker: Can the Role of the Intermediary be Automate. In: Soloway, Elliot, Frye, Douglas, Sheppard, Sylvia B. (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 88 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference June 15-19, 1988, Washington, DC, USA. pp. 51-53.

Croft, W. Bruce, Lewis, David D. (1987): An Approach to Natural Language Processing for Document Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the Tenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1987, . pp. 26-32.

Croft, W. Bruce (1986): User-Specified Domain Knowledge for Document Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the Ninth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1986, . pp. 201-206.

Croft, W. Bruce, Lefkowitz, Lawrence S. (1984): Task Support in an Office System. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 2 (3) pp. 197-212.

Croft, W. Bruce, Lefkowitz, Lawrence S. (1984): Task Support in an Office System. In: Ellis, Clarence (eds.) Proceedings of the Second ACM-SIGOA Conference on Office Information Systems 1984 June 25-27, 1984, Toronto, Canada. pp. 22-24.

Croft, W. Bruce (1984): The Role of Context and Adaptation in User Interfaces. In International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 21 (4) pp. 283-292.