Publications

Publication period start: 1984
Number of co-authors: 117

Co-authors

Number of publications with favourite co-authors
Donald Metzler
6
James Allan
6
Howard Turtle
8

Productive Colleagues

Most productive colleagues in number of publications
Justin Zobel
51
James Allan
63
Ben Shneiderman
225

Publications

Abiteboul, Serge, Agrawal, Rakesh, Bernstein, Philip A., Carey, Michael J., Ceri, Stefano, Croft, W. Bruce, DeWitt, David J., Franklin, Michael J., Garcia-Molina, Hector, Gawlick, Dieter, Gray, Jim, Haas, Laura M., Halevy, Alon Y., Hellerstein, Joseph M., Ioannidis, Yannis E., Kersten, Martin L., Pazzani, Michael J. (2005): The Lowell database research self-assessment. In Communications of the ACM, 48 (5) pp. 111-118. https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/1060710.1060718

Luk, Robert W. P., Leong, Hong Va, Dillon, Tharam S., Chan, Alvin T. S., Croft, W. Bruce, Allan, James (2002): A survey in indexing and searching XML documents. In JASIST - Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 53 (6) pp. 415-437.

Xu, Jinxi, Croft, W. Bruce (2000): Improving the effectiveness of information retrieval with local context analysis. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 18 (1) pp. 79-112. https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/333135.333138

Greiff, Warren R., Croft, W. Bruce, Turtle, Howard (1999): PIC matrices: a computationally tractable class of probabilistic query operators. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 17 (4) pp. 367-405. https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/326440.326444

Xu, Jinxi, Croft, W. Bruce (1998): Corpus-Based Stemming using Cooccurrence of Word Variants. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 16 (1) pp. 61-81. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/journals/tois/1998-16-1/p61-xu/p61-xu.pdf

Shneiderman, Ben, Byrd, Donald, Croft, W. Bruce (1998): Sorting Out Searching: A User-Interface Framework for Text Searches. In Communications of the ACM, 41 (4) pp. 95-98.

Rajashekar, T. B., Croft, W. Bruce (1995): Combining Automatic and Manual Index Representations in Probabilistic Retrieval. In JASIST - Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 46 (4) pp. 272-283.

Croft, W. Bruce (1995): NSF Center for Intelligent Information Retrieval. In Communications of the ACM, 38 (4) pp. 42-43.

Krovetz, Robert, Croft, W. Bruce (1992): Lexical Ambiguity and Information Retrieval. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 10 (2) pp. 115-141. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/journals/tois/1992-10-2/p115-krovetz/p115-krovetz.pdf

Belkin, Nicholas J., Croft, W. Bruce (1992): Information Filtering and Information Retrieval: Two Sides of the Same Coin?. In Communications of the ACM, 35 (12) pp. 29-38.

Croft, W. Bruce (1991): Editorial. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 9 (3) pp. 185.

Turtle, Howard, Croft, W. Bruce (1991): Evaluation of an Inference Network-Based Retrieval Model. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 9 (3) pp. 187-222. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/journals/tois/1991-9-3/p187-turtle/p187-turtle.pdf

Croft, W. Bruce, Belkin, Nicholas J., Bruandet, Marie-France, Kuhlen, Rainer, Oren, Tim (1990): Hypertext and Information Retrieval: What are the Fundamental Concepts?. In: Rizk, Antoine, Streitz, Norbert A., Andre, Jacques (eds.) ECHT 90 - European Conference on Hypertext November 27-30, 1990, Versailles, France. pp. 362-366.

Mahling, Dirk E., Croft, W. Bruce (1990): An Interface for the Acquisition and Display of Office Procedures. In: Lochovsky, Frederick H., Allen, Robert (eds.) Proceedings of the Conference on Office Information Systems 1990 April 25-27, 1990, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. pp. 123-130.

Croft, W. Bruce, Turtle, Howard (1989): A Retrieval Model for Incorporating Hypertext Links. In: Halasz, Frank, Meyrowitz, Norman (eds.) Proceedings of ACM Hypertext 89 Conference November 5-8, 1989, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. pp. 213-224.

Mahling, Dirk E., Croft, W. Bruce (1989): Relating Human Knowledge of Tasks to the Requirements of Plan Libraries. In International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 31 (1) pp. 61-97.

Thompson, R. H., Croft, W. Bruce (1989): Support for Browsing in an Intelligent Text Retrieval System. In International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 30 (6) pp. 639-668.

Croft, W. Bruce (1989): Research and Development in Information Retrieval. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 7 (3) pp. 181-182.

Borgman, Christine L., Belkin, Nicholas J., Croft, W. Bruce, Lesk, Michael E., Landauer, Thomas K. (1988): Retrieval Systems for the Information Seeker: Can the Role of the Intermediary be Automate. In: Soloway, Elliot, Frye, Douglas, Sheppard, Sylvia B. (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 88 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference June 15-19, 1988, Washington, DC, USA. pp. 51-53.

Croft, W. Bruce, Savino, Pasquale (1988): Implementing Ranking Strategies Using Text Signatures. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 6 (1) pp. 42-62.

Croft, W. Bruce, Lefkowitz, Lawrence S. (1988): Using a Planner to Support Office Work. In: Allen, Robert (eds.) Proceedings of the Conference on Office Information Systems 1988 March 23-25, 1988, Palo Alto, California, USA. pp. 55-62.

Croft, W. Bruce, Krovetz, Robert (1988): Interactive Retrieval of Office Documents. In: Allen, Robert (eds.) Proceedings of the Conference on Office Information Systems 1988 March 23-25, 1988, Palo Alto, California, USA. pp. 228-235.

Croft, W. Bruce (1984): The Role of Context and Adaptation in User Interfaces. In International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 21 (4) pp. 283-292.

Croft, W. Bruce, Lefkowitz, Lawrence S. (1984): Task Support in an Office System. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 2 (3) pp. 197-212.

Croft, W. Bruce, Lefkowitz, Lawrence S. (1984): Task Support in an Office System. In: Ellis, Clarence (eds.) Proceedings of the Second ACM-SIGOA Conference on Office Information Systems 1984 June 25-27, 1984, Toronto, Canada. pp. 22-24.

Pinto, David, Branstein, Michael, Coleman, Ryan, Croft, W. Bruce, King, Matthew, Li, Wei, Wei, Xing (2002): QuASM: a system for question answering using semi-structured data. In: JCDL02: Proceedings of the 2nd ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries , 2002, . pp. 46-55. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/544220.544228

Manmatha, R., Han, Chengfeng, Riseman, E. M., Croft, W. Bruce (1996): Indexing Handwriting Using Word Matching. In: DL96: Proceedings of the 1st ACM International Conference on Digital Libraries , 1996, . pp. 151-159. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/dl/226931/p151-manmatha/p151-manmatha.pdf

Pyreddy, Pallavi, Croft, W. Bruce (1997): TINTIN: A System for Retrieval in Text Tables. In: DL97: Proceedings of the 2nd ACM International Conference on Digital Libraries , 1997, . pp. 193-200. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/dl/263690/p193-pyreddy/p193-pyreddy.pdf

Lavrenko, Victor, Croft, W. Bruce (2001): Relevance based language models. In: Proceedings of the 24th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2001, . pp. 120-127. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/383952.383972

Lawrie, Dawn, Croft, W. Bruce, Rosenberg, Arnold (2001): Finding topic words for hierarchical summarization. In: Proceedings of the 24th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2001, . pp. 349-357. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/383952.384022

Lavrenko, Victor, Choquette, Martin, Croft, W. Bruce (2002): Cross-lingual relevance models. In: Proceedings of the 25th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2002, . pp. 175-182. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/564376.564408

Cronen-Townsend, Steve, Zhou, Yun, Croft, W. Bruce (2002): Predicting query performance. In: Proceedings of the 25th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2002, . pp. 299-306. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/564376.564429

Murdock, Vanessa, Croft, W. Bruce (2002): Task orientation in question answering. In: Proceedings of the 25th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2002, . pp. 355-356. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/564376.564441

Croft, W. Bruce (2003): Information retrieval and computer science: an evolving relationship. In: Proceedings of the 26th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2003, . pp. 2-3. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/860435.860437

Pinto, David, McCallum, Andrew, Wei, Xing, Croft, W. Bruce (2003): Table extraction using conditional random fields. In: Proceedings of the 26th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2003, . pp. 235-242. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/860435.860479

Lawrie, Dawn J., Croft, W. Bruce (2003): Generating hierarchical summaries for web searches. In: Proceedings of the 26th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2003, . pp. 457-458. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/860435.860549

Shah, Chirag, Croft, W. Bruce (2004): Evaluating high accuracy retrieval techniques. In: Proceedings of the 27th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2004, . pp. 2-9. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1008992.1008996

Liu, Xiaoyong, Croft, W. Bruce (2004): Cluster-based retrieval using language models. In: Proceedings of the 27th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2004, . pp. 186-193. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1008992.1009026

Corrada-Emmanuel, Andres, Croft, W. Bruce (2004): Answer models for question answering passage retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 27th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2004, . pp. 516-517. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1008992.1009098

Metzler, Donald, Lavrenko, Victor, Croft, W. Bruce (2004): Formal multiple-bernoulli models for language modeling. In: Proceedings of the 27th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2004, . pp. 540-541. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1008992.1009110

Liu, Xiaoyong, Croft, W. Bruce, Oh, Paul, Hart, David (2004): Automatic recognition of reading levels from user queries. In: Proceedings of the 27th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2004, . pp. 548-549. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1008992.1009114

Strohman, Trevor, Turtle, Howard, Croft, W. Bruce (2005): Optimization strategies for complex queries. In: Proceedings of the 28th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2005, . pp. 219-225. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1076034.1076074

Jeon, Jiwoon, Croft, W. Bruce, Lee, Joon Ho (2005): Finding semantically similar questions based on their answers. In: Proceedings of the 28th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2005, . pp. 617-618. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1076034.1076156

Metzler, Donald, Bernstein, Yaniv, Croft, W. Bruce, Moffat, Alistair, Zobel, Justin (2005): The recap system for identifying information flow. In: Proceedings of the 28th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2005, . pp. 678. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1076034.1076190

Jeon, Jiwoon, Croft, W. Bruce, Lee, Joon Ho, Park, Soyeon (2006): A framework to predict the quality of answers with non-textual features. In: Proceedings of the 29th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2006, . pp. 228-235. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1148170.1148212

Liu, Xiaoyong, Croft, W. Bruce (2006): Representing clusters for retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 29th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2006, . pp. 671-672. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1148170.1148310

Croft, W. Bruce (1986): User-Specified Domain Knowledge for Document Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the Ninth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1986, . pp. 201-206.

Croft, W. Bruce, Lewis, David D. (1987): An Approach to Natural Language Processing for Document Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the Tenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1987, . pp. 26-32.

Croft, W. Bruce, Lucia, T. J., Cohen, P. R. (1988): Retrieving Documents by Plausible Inference: A Preliminary Study. In: Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1988, . pp. 481-494.

Krovetz, Robert, Croft, W. Bruce (1989): Word Sense Disambiguation Using Machine-Readable Dictionaries. In: Proceedings of the Twelfth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1989, . pp. 127-136.

Turtle, Howard, Croft, W. Bruce (1990): Inference Networks for Document Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1990, . pp. 1-24.

Croft, W. Bruce, Das, Raj (1990): Experiments with Query Acquisition and Use in Document Retrieval Systems. In: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1990, . pp. 349-368.

Lewis, David D., Croft, W. Bruce (1990): Term Clustering of Syntactic Phrases. In: Proceedings of the Thirteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1990, . pp. 385-404.

Croft, W. Bruce, Turtle, Howard, Lewis, David D. (1991): The Use of Phrases and Structured Queries in Information Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1991, . pp. 32-45. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/122860/p32-croft/p32-croft.pdf

Croft, W. Bruce, Smith, Lisa A., Turtle, Howard (1992): A Loosely-Coupled Integration of a Text Retrieval System and an Object-Oriented Database S. In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1992, . pp. 223-232. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/133160/p223-croft/p223-croft.pdf

Croft, W. Bruce, Fuhr, Norbert, Harman, Donna, Stanfill, Craig (1992): Experience with Large Document Collections. In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1992, . pp. 347. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/133160/p347-croft/p347-croft.pdf

Haines, David, Croft, W. Bruce (1993): Relevance Feedback and Inference Networks. In: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1993, . pp. 2-11. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/160688/p2-haines/p2-haines.pdf

Fujii, Hideo, Croft, W. Bruce (1993): A Comparison of Indexing Techniques for Japanese Text Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1993, . pp. 237-246. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/160688/p237-fujii/p237-fujii.pdf

Belkin, Nicholas J., Cool, C., Croft, W. Bruce, Callan, J. P. (1993): The Effect of Multiple Query Representations on Information Retrieval System Performance. In: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1993, . pp. 339-346. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/160688/p339-belkin/p339-belkin.pdf

Callan, James P., Croft, W. Bruce (1993): An Evaluation of Query Processing Strategies Using the TIPSTER Collection. In: Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1993, . pp. 347-355. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/160688/p347-callan/p347-callan.pdf

Callan, James P., Lu, Zhihong, Croft, W. Bruce (1995): Searching Distributed Collections with Inference Networks. In: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1995, . pp. 21-28. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/215206/p21-callan/p21-callan.pdf

Xu, Jinxi, Croft, W. Bruce (1996): Query Expansion Using Local and Global Document Analysis. In: Proceedings of the 19th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1996, . pp. 4-11. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/243199/p4-xu/p4-xu.pdf

Larkey, Leah S., Croft, W. Bruce (1996): Combining Classifiers in Text Categorization. In: Proceedings of the 19th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1996, . pp. 289-297. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/243199/p289-larkey/p289-larkey.pdf

Ballesteros, Lisa, Croft, W. Bruce (1997): Phrasal Translation and Query Expansion Techniques for Cross-Language Information Retrieva. In: Proceedings of the 20th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1997, . pp. 84-91. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/258525/p84-ballesteros/p84-ballesteros.pdf

Greiff, Warren R., Croft, W. Bruce, Turtle, Howard (1997): Computationally Tractable Probabilistic Modelling of Boolean Operators. In: Proceedings of the 20th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1997, . pp. 119-128. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/258525/p119-greiff/p119-greiff.pdf

Ballesteros, Lisa, Croft, W. Bruce (1998): Resolving Ambiguity for Cross-Language Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 21st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1998, . pp. 64-71. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/290941/p64-ballesteros/p64-ballesteros.pdf

Ponte, Jay M., Croft, W. Bruce (1998): A Language Modeling Approach to Information Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 21st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1998, . pp. 275-281. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/290941/p275-ponte/p275-ponte.pdf

Xu, Jinxi, Croft, W. Bruce (1999): Cluster-Based Language Models for Distributed Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 22nd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1999, . pp. 254-261. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/312624/p254-xu/p254-xu.pdf

Song, Fei, Croft, W. Bruce (1999): A General Language Model for Information Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 22nd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 1999, . pp. 279-280. https://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/ir/312624/p279-song/p279-song.pdf

Strohman, Trevor, Croft, W. Bruce (2007): Efficient document retrieval in main memory. In: Proceedings of the 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2007, . pp. 175-182. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1277741.1277774

Metzler, Donald, Croft, W. Bruce (2007): Latent concept expansion using markov random fields. In: Proceedings of the 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2007, . pp. 311-318. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1277741.1277796

Zhou, Yun, Croft, W. Bruce (2007): Query performance prediction in web search environments. In: Proceedings of the 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2007, . pp. 543-550. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1277741.1277835

Strohman, Trevor, Croft, W. Bruce, Jensen, David (2007): Recommending citations for academic papers. In: Proceedings of the 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2007, . pp. 705-706. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1277741.1277868

Yi, Xing, Allan, James, Croft, W. Bruce (2007): Matching resumes and jobs based on relevance models. In: Proceedings of the 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2007, . pp. 809-810. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1277741.1277920

Balasubramanian, Niranjan, Allan, James, Croft, W. Bruce (2007): A comparison of sentence retrieval techniques. In: Proceedings of the 30th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2007, . pp. 813-814. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1277741.1277922

Lee, Kyung Soon, Croft, W. Bruce, Allan, James (2008): A cluster-based resampling method for pseudo-relevance feedback. In: Proceedings of the 31st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2008, . pp. 235-242. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1390334.1390376

Xue, Xiaobing, Jeon, Jiwoon, Croft, W. Bruce (2008): Retrieval models for question and answer archives. In: Proceedings of the 31st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2008, . pp. 475-482. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1390334.1390416

Bendersky, Michael, Croft, W. Bruce (2008): Discovering key concepts in verbose queries. In: Proceedings of the 31st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2008, . pp. 491-498. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1390334.1390419

Seo, Jangwon, Croft, W. Bruce (2008): Local text reuse detection. In: Proceedings of the 31st Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2008, . pp. 571-578. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1390334.1390432

Cronen-Townsend, Stephen, Zhou, Yun, Croft, W. Bruce (2004): A framework for selective query expansion. In: Grossman, David A., Gravano, Luis, Zhai, Chengxiang, Herzog, Otthein, Evans, David A. (eds.) Proceedings of the 2004 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 8-13, 2004, Washington, DC, USA. pp. 236-237. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1031171.1031220

Li, Xiaoyan, Croft, W. Bruce (2003): Time-based language models. In: Proceedings of the 2003 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 2-8, 2003, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. pp. 469-475. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/956863.956951

Jeon, Jiwoon, Croft, W. Bruce, Lee, Joon Ho (2005): Finding similar questions in large question and answer archives. In: Herzog, Otthein, Schek, Hans-Jorg, Fuhr, Norbert (eds.) Proceedings of the 2005 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management October 31 - November 5, 2005, Bremen, Germany. pp. 84-90. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1099554.1099572

Kelly, Diane, Yuan, Xiao-Jun, Belkin, Nicholas J., Murdock, Vanessa, Croft, W. Bruce (2002): Features of documents relevant to task- and fact-oriented questions. In: Proceedings of the 2002 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 4-9, 2002, McLean, VA, USA. pp. 645-647. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/584792.584907

Liu, Xiaoyong, Croft, W. Bruce (2002): Passage retrieval based on language models. In: Proceedings of the 2002 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 4-9, 2002, McLean, VA, USA. pp. 375-382. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/584792.584854

Liu, Xiaoyong, Croft, W. Bruce, Koll, Matthew B. (2005): Finding experts in community-based question-answering services. In: Herzog, Otthein, Schek, Hans-Jorg, Fuhr, Norbert (eds.) Proceedings of the 2005 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management October 31 - November 5, 2005, Bremen, Germany. pp. 315-316. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1099554.1099644

Li, Xiaoyan, Croft, W. Bruce (2005): Novelty detection based on sentence level patterns. In: Herzog, Otthein, Schek, Hans-Jorg, Fuhr, Norbert (eds.) Proceedings of the 2005 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management October 31 - November 5, 2005, Bremen, Germany. pp. 744-751. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1099554.1099734

Metzler, Donald, Bernstein, Yaniv, Croft, W. Bruce, Moffat, Alistair, Zobel, Justin (2005): Similarity measures for tracking information flow. In: Herzog, Otthein, Schek, Hans-Jorg, Fuhr, Norbert (eds.) Proceedings of the 2005 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management October 31 - November 5, 2005, Bremen, Germany. pp. 517-524. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1099554.1099695

Nallapati, Ramesh, Croft, W. Bruce, Allan, James (2003): Relevant query feedback in statistical language modeling. In: Proceedings of the 2003 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 2-8, 2003, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. pp. 560-563. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/956863.956973

Song, Fei, Croft, W. Bruce (1999): A General Language Model for Information Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 1999 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 2-6, 1999, Kansas City, Missouri, USA. pp. 316-321. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/319950.320022

Li, Xiaoyan, Croft, W. Bruce (2006): Improving novelty detection for general topics using sentence level information patterns. In: Yu, Philip S., Tsotras, Vassilis J., Fox, Edward A., Liu, Bing (eds.) Proceedings of the 2006 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 6-11, 2006, Arlington, Virginia, USA. pp. 238-247. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1183614.1183652

Zhou, Yun, Croft, W. Bruce (2005): Document quality models for web ad hoc retrieval. In: Herzog, Otthein, Schek, Hans-Jorg, Fuhr, Norbert (eds.) Proceedings of the 2005 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management October 31 - November 5, 2005, Bremen, Germany. pp. 331-332. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1099554.1099652

Eguchi, Koji, Croft, W. Bruce (2006): Boosting relevance model performance with query term dependence. In: Yu, Philip S., Tsotras, Vassilis J., Fox, Edward A., Liu, Bing (eds.) Proceedings of the 2006 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 6-11, 2006, Arlington, Virginia, USA. pp. 792-793. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1183614.1183733

Shah, Chirag, Croft, W. Bruce, Jensen, David (2006): Representing documents with named entities for story link detection (SLD). In: Yu, Philip S., Tsotras, Vassilis J., Fox, Edward A., Liu, Bing (eds.) Proceedings of the 2006 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 6-11, 2006, Arlington, Virginia, USA. pp. 868-869. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1183614.1183771

Zhou, Yun, Croft, W. Bruce (2006): Ranking robustness: a novel framework to predict query performance. In: Yu, Philip S., Tsotras, Vassilis J., Fox, Edward A., Liu, Bing (eds.) Proceedings of the 2006 ACM CIKM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management November 6-11, 2006, Arlington, Virginia, USA. pp. 567-574. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1183614.1183696

Petkova, Desislava, Croft, W. Bruce (2007): Proximity-based document representation for named entity retrieval. In: Silva, Mario J., Laender, Alberto H. F., Baeza-Yates, Ricardo A., McGuinness, Deborah L., Olstad, Bjørn, Olsen, Øystein Haug, Falcão, André O. (eds.) Proceedings of the Sixteenth ACM Conference on Information and Knowledge Management - CIKM 2007 November 6-10, 2007, Lisbon, Portugal. pp. 731-740. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1321440.1321542

Seo, Jangwon, Croft, W. Bruce (2008): Blog site search using resource selection. In: Shanahan, James G., Amer-Yahia, Sihem, Manolescu, Ioana, Zhang, Yi, Evans, David A., Kolcz, Aleksander, Choi, Key-Sun, Chowdhury, Abdur (eds.) Proceedings of the 17th ACM Conference on Information and Knowledge Management - CIKM 2008 October 26-30, 2008, Napa Valley, California, USA. pp. 1053-1062. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1458082.1458222

Croft, W. Bruce (2008): Unsolved problems in search: (and how we approach them). In: Shanahan, James G., Amer-Yahia, Sihem, Manolescu, Ioana, Zhang, Yi, Evans, David A., Kolcz, Aleksander, Choi, Key-Sun, Chowdhury, Abdur (eds.) Proceedings of the 17th ACM Conference on Information and Knowledge Management - CIKM 2008 October 26-30, 2008, Napa Valley, California, USA. pp. 1001. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1458082.1458085

Croft, W. Bruce, Broglio, John, Fujii, Hideo (1996): Applications of Multilingual Text Retrieval. In: HICSS 1996 , 1996, . pp. 98-. https://csdl.computer.org/comp/proceedings/hicss/1996/7426/00/74260098abs.htm

Mahling, Dirk E., Sandvik, Oddmar A., Croft, W. Bruce (1990): Visual Interaction Between End Users and Goal Based Systems. In: VL 1990 , 1990, . pp. 182-186.

Croft, W. Bruce, Callan, Jamie (2004): A Language Modeling Approach to Metadata for Cross-Database Linkage and Search. In: DG.O 2004 , 2004, . https://dgrc.org/dgo2004/disc/presentations/integration/croft.pdf

Pinto, David, McCallum, Andrew, Wei, Xing, Croft, W. Bruce (2003): Table Extraction Using Conditional Random Fields. In: DG.O 2003 , 2003, . https://diggov.org/dgrc/dgo2003/cdrom/POSTERS/pinto.pdf

Wei, Xing, Croft, W. Bruce, Pinto, David (2004): Question Answering Performance on Table Data. In: DG.O 2004 , 2004, . https://dgrc.org/dgo2004/disc/posters/tuesposters/p_wei.pdf

Kim, Jinyoung, Croft, W. Bruce (2010): Ranking using multiple document types in desktop search. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2010, . pp. 50-57. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1835449.1835461

Seo, Jangwon, Croft, W. Bruce (2010): Geometric representations for multiple documents. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2010, . pp. 251-258. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1835449.1835493

Huston, Samuel, Croft, W. Bruce (2010): Evaluating verbose query processing techniques. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2010, . pp. 291-298. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1835449.1835499

Seo, Jangwon, Croft, W. Bruce (2010): Unsupervised estimation of dirichlet smoothing parameters. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2010, . pp. 759-760. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1835449.1835602

Dang, Van, Bendersky, Michael, Croft, W. Bruce (2010): Learning to rank query reformulations. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2010, . pp. 807-808. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1835449.1835626

Park, Jae Hyun, Croft, W. Bruce (2010): Query term ranking based on dependency parsing of verbose queries. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2010, . pp. 829-830. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1835449.1835637

Xue, Xiaoibng, Croft, W. Bruce (2009): Transforming patents into prior-art queries. In: Proceedings of the 32nd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2009, . pp. 808-809. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1571941.1572139

Bendersky, Michael, Croft, W. Bruce, Smith, David A. (2009): Two-stage query segmentation for information retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 32nd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2009, . pp. 810-811. https://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1571941.1572140

Wei, Xing, Croft, W. Bruce (2007): Modeling Term Associations for Ad-Hoc Retrieval Performance Within Language Modeling Frame. In: Amati, Giambattista, Carpineto, Claudio, Romano, Giovanni (eds.) Advances in Information Retrieva - 29th European Conference on IR Research - ECIR 2007 April 2-5, 2007, Rome, Italy. pp. 52-63. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-71496-5_8

Liu, Xiaoyong, Croft, W. Bruce (2008): Evaluating Text Representations for Retrieval of the Best Group of Documents. In: Macdonald, Craig, Ounis, Iadh, Plachouras, Vassilis, Ruthven, Ian, White, Ryen W. (eds.) Advances in Information Retrieval - 30th European Conference on IR Research - ECIR 2008 March 30-April 3, 2008, Glasgow, UK. pp. 454-462. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-78646-7_43

Metzler, Donald, Strohman, Trevor, Croft, W. Bruce (2008): A Statistical View of Binned Retrieval Models. In: Macdonald, Craig, Ounis, Iadh, Plachouras, Vassilis, Ruthven, Ian, White, Ryen W. (eds.) Advances in Information Retrieval - 30th European Conference on IR Research - ECIR 2008 March 30-April 3, 2008, Glasgow, UK. pp. 175-186. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-78646-7_18

Kim, Jinyoung, Xue, Xiaobing, Croft, W. Bruce (2009): A Probabilistic Retrieval Model for Semistructured Data. In: Boughanem, Mohand, Berrut, Catherine, Mothe, Josiane, Soulé-Dupuy, Chantal (eds.) Advances in Information Retrieval - 31th European Conference on IR Research - ECIR 2009 April 6-9, 2009, 2009, Toulouse, France. pp. 228-239. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-00958-7_22

Petkova, Desislava, Croft, W. Bruce, Diao, Yanlei (2009): Refining Keyword Queries for XML Retrieval by Combining Content and Structure. In: Boughanem, Mohand, Berrut, Catherine, Mothe, Josiane, Soulé-Dupuy, Chantal (eds.) Advances in Information Retrieval - 31th European Conference on IR Research - ECIR 2009 April 6-9, 2009, 2009, Toulouse, France. pp. 662-669. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-00958-7_63

Lease, Matthew, Allan, James, Croft, W. Bruce (2009): Regression Rank: Learning to Meet the Opportunity of Descriptive Queries. In: Boughanem, Mohand, Berrut, Catherine, Mothe, Josiane, Soulé-Dupuy, Chantal (eds.) Advances in Information Retrieval - 31th European Conference on IR Research - ECIR 2009 April 6-9, 2009, 2009, Toulouse, France. pp. 90-101. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-00958-7_11

Croft, W. Bruce (2009): Query Evolution. In: Boughanem, Mohand, Berrut, Catherine, Mothe, Josiane, Soulé-Dupuy, Chantal (eds.) Advances in Information Retrieval - 31th European Conference on IR Research - ECIR 2009 April 6-9, 2009, 2009, Toulouse, France. pp. 1. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-00958-7_1

Bendersky, Michael, Metzler, Donald, Croft, W. Bruce (2011): Parameterized concept weighting in verbose queries. In: Proceedings of the 34th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2011, . pp. 605-614. https://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2009916.2009998

Kim, Youngho, Seo, Jangwon, Croft, W. Bruce (2011): Automatic boolean query suggestion for professional search. In: Proceedings of the 34th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2011, . pp. 825-834. https://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2009916.2010026

Xue, Xiaobing, Croft, W. Bruce (2011): Modeling subset distributions for verbose queries. In: Proceedings of the 34th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2011, . pp. 1133-1134. https://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2009916.2010085

Kim, Jin Young, Croft, W. Bruce (2012): A field relevance model for structured document retrieval. In: Proceedings of the 2012 BCS-IRSG European Conference on Information Retrieval , 2012, . pp. 97-108. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-28997-2_9

Dang, Van, Croft, W. Bruce (2012): Diversity by proportionality: an election-based approach to search result diversification. In: Proceedings of the 35th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2012, . pp. 65-74. https://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2348283.2348296

Xue, Xiaobing, Croft, W. Bruce (2012): Generating reformulation trees for complex queries. In: Proceedings of the 35th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2012, . pp. 525-534. https://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2348283.2348355

Bendersky, Michael, Croft, W. Bruce (2012): Modeling higher-order term dependencies in information retrieval using query hypergraphs. In: Proceedings of the 35th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval , 2012, . pp. 941-950. https://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2348283.2348408