Publication statistics

Pub. period:2007-2011
Pub. count:5
Number of co-authors:9


Number of publications with 3 favourite co-authors:

Young-Gul Kim:
Gee-Woo Bock:
Nikhil Sharma:



Productive colleagues

Brian Butler's 3 most productive colleagues in number of publications:

Quentin Jones:28
Young-Gul Kim:14
Gee-Woo Bock:6

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Brian Butler


Publications by Brian Butler (bibliography)

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Joyce, Elisabeth, Butler, Brian and Pike, Jacqueline (2011): Handling flammable materials: Wikipedia biographies of living persons as contentious objects. In: Proceedings of the 2011 iConference 2011. pp. 25-32.

Common ground. Shared interests. Collective goals. Much has been said about the power of technology to bring people together around commonalities to form groups, teams, and communities. Yet, the same technologies can also be used to bring together individuals with fundamentally irreconcilable differences. In these cases, the question is not how to construct systems that build on commonality, but rather how to manage artifacts that by their very nature provide affordances for conflict. In this paper we examine how Biographies of Living Persons (BLP) in Wikipedia exemplify contentious objects, both in terms of their features and their consequences. We draw from discussions of risk management and resilience to outline four approaches that groups can use to manage contentious objects (risk avoidance, risk minimization, threat reduction, and conflict management). Description of the policies, structures, and systems surrounding Biographies of Living Persons in Wikipedia illustrate how application of these approaches enable the creation and existence of large collection of contentions objects, without undermining the viability of the larger socio-technical system.

© All rights reserved Joyce et al. and/or ACM Press

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Sharma, Nikhil and Butler, Brian (2011): Supercourse: a case study of knowledge mobilization by a virtual organization. In: Proceedings of the 2011 iConference 2011. pp. 770-771.

Information and knowledge are often stored not in databases repositories, but within highly distributed communities of experts. Leveraging these resources requires identifying needs and gathering, contextualizing and making information available. While this can happen in one-on-one interaction with experts, there are significant limitations to the dyadic approach. In this paper, we present our case study in progress which examines how Supercourse, a virtual organization focused on public health supports large-scale knowledge mobilization. Preliminary examination of this case suggests that social capital creation and genre usage play an important part in knowledge mobilization.

© All rights reserved Sharma and Butler and/or ACM Press

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Butler, Brian, Joyce, Elisabeth and Pike, Jacqueline (2008): Don't look now, but we've created a bureaucracy: the nature and roles of policies and rules in wikipedia. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2008 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems April 5-10, 2008. pp. 1101-1110.

Wikis are sites that support the development of emergent, collective infrastructures that are highly flexible and open, suggesting that the systems that use them will be egalitarian, free, and unstructured. Yet it is apparent that the flexible infrastructure of wikis allows the development and deployment of a wide range of structures. However, we find that the policies in Wikipedia and the systems and mechanisms that operate around them are multi-faceted. In this descriptive study, we draw on prior work on rules and policies in organizations to propose and apply a conceptual framework for understanding the natures and roles of policies in wikis. We conclude that wikis are capable of supporting a broader range of structures and activities than other collaborative platforms. Wikis allow for and, in fact, facilitate the creation of policies that serve a wide variety of functions.

© All rights reserved Butler et al. and/or ACM Press

 Cited in the following chapter:

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 Cited in the following chapter:

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Jones, Quentin, Moldovan, Mihai, Raban, Daphne and Butler, Brian (2008): Empirical evidence of information overload constraining chat channel community interactions. In: Proceedings of ACM CSCW08 Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work 2008. pp. 323-332.

Prior work has demonstrated that the impact of individual information-processing limits can be observed in dynamics of mass interaction in asynchronous collaborative systems (Usenet newsgroups and email lists). Here we present the first evidence of such impacts on synchronous social interaction environments through the analysis of an Internet Relay Chat network. We highlight how shared public discourse in chat channels appears to be limited to 40 posters in any 20 minute interval, even as the number of channel users increases well into the hundreds. We discuss our findings in terms of understanding the relationship between online community space types and the user interaction dynamics they support.

© All rights reserved Jones et al. and/or ACM Press

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Koh, Joon, Kim, Young-Gul, Butler, Brian and Bock, Gee-Woo (2007): Encouraging participation in virtual communities. In Communications of the ACM, 50 (2) pp. 68-73.

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