Hiroshi Ishii

Personal Homepage
http://web.media.mit.edu/~ishii/
Employer
MIT Media Laboratory (http://www.media.mit.edu/)
Email
ishii@media.mit.edu

Hiroshi Ishii is Jerome B. Wiesner Professor of Media Arts and Sciences at the MIT Media Lab, where he is head of the Tangible Media group and co-director of the Things That Think (TTT) consortium. Ishii's research focuses upon the design of seamless interfaces between humans, digital information, and the physical environment. His group seeks to change the "painted bits" of GUIs to "tangible bits" by giving physical form to digital information. Their work emphasizes that the development of tangible interfaces requires the rigor of both scientific and artistic review. Ishii and his team have presented "Tangible Bits" at a variety of academic, design, and artistic venues such as ACM SIGCHI and SIGGRAPH, Industrial Design Society of America, AIGA, Ars Electronica, ICC, Centre Pompidou, and the Victoria and Albert Museum. A display of many of the group's projects took place at the NTT InterCommunication Center (ICC) in Tokyo in 2000, and at Ars Electronica Center in Linz, Austria from September 2001 to August 2004. Prior to joining the Media Lab in 1995, Ishii led a CSCW research group at NTT Human Interface Laboratories, where he and his team invented TeamWorkStation and ClearBoard. He was a visiting assistant professor at the University of Toronto in 1993 and 1994. Ishii received his BE degree in electronic engineering, and ME and PhD degrees in computer engineering, from Hokkaido University, Japan. In 2006 ACM SIGCHI elected Ishii to the CHI Academy, recognizing his substantial contributions to the field of Human-Computer Interactions through the creation of a new genre called "Tangible User Interfaces."

Publication Statistics

Publication period start
1990
Publication period end
2012
Number of co-authors
151

Co-authors
Number of publications with favourite co-authors

Productive Colleagues
Most productive colleagues in number of publications

Publications

Follmer, Sean, Ballagas, Rafael (Tico), Raffle, Hayes, Spasojevic, Mirjana, Ishii, Hiroshi (2012): People in books: using a FlashCam to become part of an interactive book for connected read. In: Proceedings of ACM CSCW12 Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work , 2012, . pp. 685-694. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2145204.2145309

Follmer, Sean, Leithinger, Daniel, Olwal, Alex, Cheng, Nadia, Ishii, Hiroshi (2012): Jamming user interfaces: programmable particle stiffness and sensing for malleable and sha. In: Proceedings of the 2012 ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology , 2012, . pp. 519-528. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2380116.2380181

Raffle, Hayes, Wang, Ruibing, Seada, Karim, Ishii, Hiroshi (2011): Communiclay: a modular system for tangible telekinetic communication. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2011 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2011, . pp. 233-242. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1979742.1979612

DeVincenzi, Anthony, Yao, Lining, Ishii, Hiroshi, Raskar, Ramesh (2011): Kinected conference: augmenting video imaging with calibrated depth and audio. In: Proceedings of ACM CSCW11 Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work , 2011, . pp. 621-624. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1958824.1958929

Blackshaw, Matthew, DeVincenzi, Anthony, Lakatos, David, Leithinger, Daniel, Ishii, Hiroshi (2011): Recompose: direct and gestural interaction with an actuated surface. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2011 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2011, . pp. 1237-1242. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1979742.1979754

Yao, Lining, Dasgupta, Sayamindu, Cheng, Nadia, Spingarn-Koff, Jason, Rudakevych, Ostap, Ishii, Hiroshi (2011): RopePlus: bridging distances with social and kinesthetic rope games. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2011 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2011, . pp. 223-232. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1979742.1979611

Xiao, Xiao, Ishii, Hiroshi (2011): Duet for solo piano: MirrorFugue for single user playing with recorded performances. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2011 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2011, . pp. 1285-1290. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1979742.1979762

Leithinger, Daniel, Lakatos, David, DeVincenzi, Anthony, Blackshaw, Matthew, Ishii, Hiroshi (2011): Direct and gestural interaction with relief: a 2.5D shape display. In: Proceedings of the 2011 ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology , 2011, . pp. 541-548. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2047196.2047268

Lee, Jinha, Post, Rehmi, Ishii, Hiroshi (2011): ZeroN: mid-air tangible interaction enabled by computer controlled magnetic levitation. In: Proceedings of the 2011 ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology , 2011, . pp. 327-336. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2047196.2047239

Follmer, Sean, Johnson, Micah, Adelson, Edward, Ishii, Hiroshi (2011): deForm: an interactive malleable surface for capturing 2.5D arbitrary objects, tools and t. In: Proceedings of the 2011 ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology , 2011, . pp. 527-536. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/2047196.2047265

Yao, Lining, Dasgupta, Sayamindu, Cheng, Nadia, Spingarn-Koff, Jason, Rudakevych, Ostap, Ishii, Hiroshi (2011): Multi-jump: jump roping over distances. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2011 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2011, . pp. 1729-1734. http://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1979742.1979836

Lee, Jinha, Ishii, Hiroshi (2010): Beyond: collapsible tools and gestures for computational design. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2010 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2010, . pp. 3931-3936. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1753846.1754081

Bonanni, Leonardo, Hockenberry, Matthew, Zwarg, David, Csikszentmihalyi, Chris, Ishii, Hiroshi (2010): Small business applications of sourcemap: a web tool for sustainable design and supply cha. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2010 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2010, . pp. 937-946. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1753326.1753465

Parkes, Amanda, Ishii, Hiroshi (2010): Bosu: a physical programmable design tool for transformability with soft mechanics. In: Proceedings of DIS10 Designing Interactive Systems , 2010, . pp. 189-198. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1858171.1858205

Follmer, Sean, Raffle, Hayes, Go, Janet, Ballagas, Rafael, Ishii, Hiroshi (2010): Video play: playful interactions in video conferencing for long-distance families with you. In: Proceedings of ACM IDC10 Interaction Design and Children , 2010, . pp. 49-58. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1810543.1810550

Follmer, Sean, Raffle, Hayes, Go, Janet, Ishii, Hiroshi (2010): Video play: playful interactions in video conferencing for long-distance families with you. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2010 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2010, . pp. 3397-3402. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1753846.1753991

Follmer, Sean, Carr, David, Lovell, Emily, Ishii, Hiroshi (2010): CopyCAD: remixing physical objects with copy and paste from the real world. In: Proceedings of the 2010 ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology , 2010, . pp. 381-382. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1866218.1866230

Chung, Keywon, Shilman, Michael, Merrill, Chris, Ishii, Hiroshi (2010): OnObject: gestural play with tagged everyday objects. In: Proceedings of the 2010 ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology , 2010, . pp. 379-380. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1866218.1866229

Lee, Jinha, Teerapittayanon, Surat, Ishii, Hiroshi (2010): Beyond: collapsible input device for direct 3D manipulation beyond the screen. In: Proceedings of the 2010 ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology , 2010, . pp. 393-394. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1866218.1866236

Bonanni, Leonardo, Ishii, Hiroshi (2009): Stop-motion prototyping for tangible interfaces. In: Villar, Nicolas, Izadi, Shahram, Fraser, Mike, Benford, Steve (eds.) TEI 2009 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Tangible and Embedded Interaction February 16-18, 2009, Cambridge, UK. pp. 315-316. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1517664.1517729

Bonanni, Leonardo, Vargas, Greg, Chao, Neil, Pueblo, Stephen, Ishii, Hiroshi (2009): Spime builder: a tangible interface for designing hyperlinked objects. In: Villar, Nicolas, Izadi, Shahram, Fraser, Mike, Benford, Steve (eds.) TEI 2009 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Tangible and Embedded Interaction February 16-18, 2009, Cambridge, UK. pp. 263-266. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1517664.1517719

Leithinger, Daniel, Ishii, Hiroshi (2009): Relief: a scalable actuated shape display. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Tangible and Embedded Interaction , 2009, . pp. 221-222. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1709886.1709928

Parkes, Amanda J., Kumpf, Adam, Ishii, Hiroshi (2009): Piezing: a garment harvesting energy from the natural motion of the human body. In: Villar, Nicolas, Izadi, Shahram, Fraser, Mike, Benford, Steve (eds.) TEI 2009 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Tangible and Embedded Interaction February 16-18, 2009, Cambridge, UK. pp. 23-24. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1517664.1517674

Vaucelle, Cati, Ishii, Hiroshi, Paradiso, Joseph A. (2009): Cost-effective wearable sensor to detect EMF. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2009 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2009, . pp. 4309-4314. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1520340.1520658

Zigelbaum, Jamie, Browning, Alan, Leithinger, Daniel, Bau, Olivier, Ishii, Hiroshi (2009): g-stalt: a chirocentric, spatiotemporal, and telekinetic gestural interface. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Tangible and Embedded Interaction , 2009, . pp. 261-264. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1709886.1709939

Vaucelle, Cati, Bonanni, Leonardo, Ishii, Hiroshi (2009): Design of haptic interfaces for therapy. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2009 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2009, . pp. 467-470. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1518701.1518776

Parkes, Amanda J., Ishii, Hiroshi (2009): Kinetic sketchup: motion prototyping in the tangible design process. In: Villar, Nicolas, Izadi, Shahram, Fraser, Mike, Benford, Steve (eds.) TEI 2009 - Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Tangible and Embedded Interaction February 16-18, 2009, Cambridge, UK. pp. 367-372. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1517664.1517738

Bonanni, Leonardo, Xiao, Xiao, Hockenberry, Matthew, Subramani, Praveen, Ishii, Hiroshi, Seracini, Maurizio, Schulze, Jurgen (2009): Wetpaint: scraping through multi-layered images. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2009 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2009, . pp. 571-574. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1518701.1518789

Wright, Alyssa, Maes, Pattie, Ishii, Hiroshi (2008): Social resonance: balancing reputation with tangible design. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2008 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems April 5-10, 2008, . pp. 3387-3392. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1358628.1358862

Parkes, Amanda J., Raffle, Hayes Solos, Ishii, Hiroshi (2008): Topobo in the wild: longitudinal evaluations of educators appropriating a tangible interfa. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2008 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems April 5-10, 2008, . pp. 1129-1138. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1357054.1357232

Bonanni, Leonardo, Parkes, Amanda, Ishii, Hiroshi (2008): Future craft: how digital media is transforming product design. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2008 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems April 5-10, 2008, . pp. 2553-2564. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1358628.1358712

Coelho, Marcelo, Ishii, Hiroshi, Maes, Pattie (2008): Surflex: a programmable surface for the design of tangible interfaces. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2008 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems April 5-10, 2008, . pp. 3429-3434. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1358628.1358869

Chang, Angela, Gouldstone, James, Zigelbaum, Jamie, Ishii, Hiroshi (2008): Pragmatic haptics. In: Schmidt, Albrecht, Gellersen, Hans-Werner, Hoven, Elise van den, Mazalek, Ali, Holleis, Paul, Villar, Nicolas (eds.) TEI 2008 - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Tangible and Embedded Interaction February 18-20, 2008, Bonn, Germany. pp. 251-254. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1347390.1347445

Parkes, Amanda J., Poupyrev, Ivan, Ishii, Hiroshi (2008): Designing kinetic interactions for organic user interfaces. In Communications of the ACM, 51 (6) pp. 58-65. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1349026.1349039

Bonanni, Leonardo, Alonso, Jason, Chao, Neil, Vargas, Greg, Ishii, Hiroshi (2008): Handsaw: tangible exploration of volumetric data by direct cut-plane projection. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2008 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems April 5-10, 2008, . pp. 251-254. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1357054.1357098

Ishii, Hiroshi (2008): The tangible user interface and its evolution. In Communications of the ACM, 51 (6) pp. 32-36. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1349026.1349034

Ishii, Hiroshi (2008): Tangible bits: beyond pixels. In: Schmidt, Albrecht, Gellersen, Hans-Werner, Hoven, Elise van den, Mazalek, Ali, Holleis, Paul, Villar, Nicolas (eds.) TEI 2008 - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Tangible and Embedded Interaction February 18-20, 2008, Bonn, Germany. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1347390.1347392

Zigelbaum, Jamie, Chang, Angela, Gouldstone, James, Monzen, Joshua Jen, Ishii, Hiroshi (2008): SpeakCup: simplicity, BABL, and shape change. In: Schmidt, Albrecht, Gellersen, Hans-Werner, Hoven, Elise van den, Mazalek, Ali, Holleis, Paul, Villar, Nicolas (eds.) TEI 2008 - Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Tangible and Embedded Interaction February 18-20, 2008, Bonn, Germany. pp. 145-146. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1347390.1347422

Vaucelle, Cati, Ishii, Hiroshi (2008): Picture this!: film assembly using toy gestures. In: Youn, Hee Yong, Cho, We-Duke (eds.) UbiComp 2008 Ubiquitous Computing - 10th International Conference September 21-24, 2008, Seoul, Korea. pp. 350-359. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1409635.1409683

Zigelbaum, Jamie, Kumpf, Adam, Vazquez, Alejandro, Ishii, Hiroshi (2008): Slurp: tangibility spatiality and an eyedropper. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2008 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems April 5-10, 2008, . pp. 2565-2574. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1358628.1358713

Raffle, Hayes, Vaucelle, Cati, Wang, Ruibing, Ishii, Hiroshi (2007): Jabberstamp: Embedding sound and voice in traditional drawings. In: International Conference on Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques, ACM SIGGRAPH 2007 educators program August 05-09, 2007, San Diego, California. pp. 32. http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1282074&coll=ACM&dl=ACM&CFID=332744&CFTOKEN=69416967#

Patten, James, Ishii, Hiroshi (2007): Mechanical constraints as computational constraints in tabletop tangible interfaces. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2007 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2007, . pp. 809-818. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1240624.1240746

Vaucelle, Cati, Ishii, Hiroshi (2007): Interfacing Video Capture, Editing and Publication in a Tangible Environment. In: Abascal, Julio, Baranauskas, Cecilia, Barbosa, Simone D. J., Junqueira, Diniz, Palanque, Philippe A. (eds.) Proc. of 11th IFIP TC 13 Int. Conf. on Human-Computer Interaction INTERACT2007 September 10-14, 2007, Rio de Janeiro. pp. 1-14. http://www.springerlink.com/content/t15n444137413001/?p=690733cd04a1433a96bd8cd6dcd724d9&pi=0

Modlitba, Paulina, Offenhuber, Dietmar, Ting, Moses, Tsigaridi, Dido, Ishii, Hiroshi (2007): TILTle: exploring dynamic balance. In: Koskinen, Ilpo, Keinonen, Turkka (eds.) DPPI 2007 - Proceedings of the 2007 International Conference on Designing Pleasurable Products and Interfaces August 22-25, 2007, Helsinki, Finland. pp. 466-472. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1314161.1314207

Modlitba, Paulina, Offenhuber, Dietmar, Ting, Moses, Tsigaridi, Dido, Ishii, Hiroshi (2007): TILTle: exploring dynamic balance. In: Proceedings of DUX07 Designing for User eXperiences , 2007, . pp. 10. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1389908.1389921

Chang, Angela, Gouldstone, James, Zigelbaum, Jamie, Ishii, Hiroshi (2007): Simplicity in interaction design. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Tangible and Embedded Interaction , 2007, . pp. 135-138. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1226969.1226997

LeClerc, Vincent, Parkes, Amanda, Ishii, Hiroshi (2007): Senspectra: a computationally augmented physical modeling toolkit for sensing and visualiz. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2007 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2007, . pp. 801-804. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1240624.1240744

Vaucelle, Cati, Ishii, Hiroshi (2007): Interfacing Video Capture, Editing and Publication in a Tangible Environment. In: Baranauskas, Maria Cecília Calani, Palanque, Philippe A., Abascal, Julio, Barbosa, Simone Diniz Junqueira (eds.) DEGAS 2007 - Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Design and Evaluation of e-Government Applications and Services September 11th, 2007, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. pp. 1-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-74800-7_1

Patten, James, Recht, Ben, Ishii, Hiroshi (2006): Interaction techniques for musical performance with tabletop tangible interfaces. In: Ishii, Hiroshi, Lee, Newton, Natkin, Stéphane, Tsushima, Katsuhide (eds.) Proceedings of the International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology - ACE 2006 June 14-16, 2006, Hollywood, California, USA. pp. 27. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1178823.1178856

Mitásová, Helena, Mitas, Lubos, Ratti, Carlo, Ishii, Hiroshi, Alonso, Jason, Harmon, Russell S. (2006): Real-Time Landscape Model Interaction Using a Tangible Geospatial Modeling Environment. In IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, 26 (4) pp. 55-63. http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MCG.2006.87

Raffle, Hayes, Parkes, Amanda, Ishii, Hiroshi, Lifton, Joshua (2006): Beyond record and play: backpacks: tangible modulators for kinetic behavior. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2006 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2006, . pp. 681-690. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1124772.1124874

Chang, Angela, Ishii, Hiroshi (2006): Sensorial interfaces. In: Proceedings of DIS06: Designing Interactive Systems: Processes, Practices, Methods, & Techniques , 2006, . pp. 50-59. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1142405.1142415

Chew, Andrea, LeClerc, Vincent, Sadi, Sajid, Tang, Aaron, Ishii, Hiroshi (2005): SPARKS. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2005 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2005, . pp. 1276-1279. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1056808.1056895

Ryokai, Kimiko, Marti, Stefan, Ishii, Hiroshi (2005): Designing the world as your palette. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2005 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems , 2005, . pp. 1037-1049. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1056808.1056816

Ratti, Carlo, Wang, Yao, Piper, Ben, Ishii, Hiroshi, Biderman, Assaf (2004): PHOXEL-SPACE: an interface for exploring volumetric data with physical voxels. In: Proceedings of DIS04: Designing Interactive Systems: Processes, Practices, Methods, & Techniques , 2004, . pp. 289-296. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1013115.1013156

Schkolne, Steven, Ishii, Hiroshi, Schroder, Peter (2004): Immersive Design of DNA Molecules with a Tangible Interface. In: VIS 2004 - 15th IEEE Visualization 2004 Conference 10-15 October, 2004, Austin, TX, USA. pp. 227-234. http://csdl.computer.org/comp/proceedings/vis/2004/8788/00/87880227abs.htm

Raffle, Hayes Solos, Parkes, Amanda J., Ishii, Hiroshi (2004): Topobo: a constructive assembly system with kinetic memory. In: Dykstra-Erickson, Elizabeth, Tscheligi, Manfred (eds.) Proceedings of ACM CHI 2004 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems April 24-29, 2004, Vienna, Austria. pp. 647-654. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/985692.985774

Ryokai, Kimiko, Marti, Stefan, Ishii, Hiroshi (2004): I/O brush: drawing with everyday objects as ink. In: Dykstra-Erickson, Elizabeth, Tscheligi, Manfred (eds.) Proceedings of ACM CHI 2004 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems April 24-29, 2004, Vienna, Austria. pp. 303-310. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/985692.985731

Ullmer, Brygg, Ishii, Hiroshi, Jacob, Robert J. K. (2003): Tangible Query Interfaces: Physically Constrained Tokens for Manipulating Database Queries. In: Proceedings of IFIP INTERACT03: Human-Computer Interaction , 2003, Zurich, Switzerland. pp. 279.

Nagamatsu, T., Ohtuji, T., Ishii, Hiroshi, Shimoda, H., Yoshikawa, H., Wei, W. (2003): Information Support for Annual Maintenance with Wearable Device. In: Stephanidis, Constantine (eds.) Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction June 22-27, 2003, Crete, Greece. pp. 1253-1257.

Ishii, Hiroshi, Kobayashi, T., Fujino, H., Nishimura, Y., Shimoda, H., Yoshikawa, H., Wei, W., Terashita, N. (2003): Development of an Education System for Surface Mount Work of a Printed Circuit Board. In: Stephanidis, Constantine (eds.) Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction June 22-27, 2003, Crete, Greece. pp. 929-933.

Ullmer, Brygg, Ishii, Hiroshi, Jacob, Robert J. K. (2003): Tangible Query Interfaces: Physically Constrained Tokens for Manipulating Database Queries. In: Proceedings of IFIP INTERACT03: Human-Computer Interaction , 2003, Zurich, Switzerland. pp. 1004?.

Ishii, Hiroshi (2003): Tangible bits: designing the seamless interface between people, bits, and atoms. In: Johnson, Lewis, Andre, Elisabeth (eds.) International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces 2003 January 12-15, 2003, Miami, Florida, USA. pp. 3. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/604045.604048

Kobayashi, Kazue, Hirano, Mitsunori, Narita, Atsunobu, Ishii, Hiroshi (2003): IP Network Designer: Interface for IP Network Simulation. In: 2003 IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality ISMAR 2003 7-10 October, 2003, Tokyo, Japan. pp. 327-327. http://csdl.computer.org/comp/proceedings/ismar/2003/2006/00/20060327abs.htm

Pangaro, Gian, Maynes-Aminzade, Dan, Ishii, Hiroshi (2002): The actuated workbench: computer-controlled actuation in tabletop tangible interfaces. In: Beaudouin-Lafon, Michel (eds.) Proceedings of the 15th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology October 27-30, 2002, Paris, France. pp. 181-190. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/571985.572011

Mazalek, Ali, Davenport, Glorianna, Ishii, Hiroshi (2002): Tangible viewpoints: a physical approach to multimedia stories. In: ACM Multimedia 2002 , 2002, . pp. 153-160. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/641007.641037

Piper, Ben, Ratti, Carlo, Ishii, Hiroshi (2002): Illuminating clay: a 3-D tangible interface for landscape analysis. In: Terveen, Loren (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 2002 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference April 20-25, 2002, Minneapolis, Minnesota. pp. 355-362.

Chang, Angela, O\'Modhrain, Sile, Jacob, Robert J. K., Gunther, Eric, Ishii, Hiroshi (2002): ComTouch: design of a vibrotactile communication device. In: Proceedings of DIS02: Designing Interactive Systems: Processes, Practices, Methods, & Techniques , 2002, . pp. 312-320. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/778712.778755

Ishii, Hiroshi (2002): Tangible Bits: Designing the Seamless Interface between People, Bits, and Atoms. In: 2002 IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality ISMAR 2002 30 September-1 October, 2002, Darmstadt, Germany. pp. 199-. http://

Jacob, Robert J. K., Ishii, Hiroshi, Pangaro, Gian, Patten, James (2002): A tangible interface for organizing information using a grid. In: Terveen, Loren (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 2002 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference April 20-25, 2002, Minneapolis, Minnesota. pp. 339-346.

Ishii, Hiroshi, Ben-Joseph, Eran, Underkoffler, John, Yeung, Luke, Chak, Dan, Kanji, Zahra, Piper, Ben (2002): Augmented Urban Planning Workbench: Overlaying Drawings, Physical Models and Digital Simul. In: 2002 IEEE and ACM International Symposium on Mixed and Augmented Reality ISMAR 2002 30 September-1 October, 2002, Darmstadt, Germany. pp. 203-. http://csdl.computer.org/comp/proceedings/ismar/2002/1781/00/17810203abs.htm

Yamamoto, M., Osaka, Y., Nagamatsu, T., Ishii, Hiroshi, Yoshikawa, H. (2001): Open Simulator: Architecture for Simulating Networked Virtual Environment by Utilizing Onl. In: Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction , 2001, . pp. 723-727.

Wu, W., Nakagawa, T., Ishii, Hiroshi, Yoshikawa, H. (2001): Virtual Collaborator as Personified Interface Agent for Visualizing Plant Operator\'s Cogn. In: Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction , 2001, . pp. 708-712.

Ishii, Hiroshi, Sharyo, K., Komaki, D., Yoshikawa, H. (2001): A System for Synthesizing Human Motion in Virtual Environment. In: Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction , 2001, . pp. 713-717.

Patten, James, Ishii, Hiroshi, Hines, Jim, Pangaro, Gian (2001): Sensetable: A Wireless Object Tracking Platform for Tangible User Interfaces. In: Beaudouin-Lafon, Michel, Jacob, Robert J. K. (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 2001 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference March 31 - April 5, 2001, Seattle, Washington, USA. pp. 253-260. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/365024/p253-patten/p253-patten.pdf

Ullmer, Brygg, Ishii, Hiroshi (2000): Emerging Frameworks for Tangible User Interfaces. In IBM Systems Journal, 39 (0) pp. . http://lmc.gatech.edu/~bogost/courses/spring07/lcc3710/readings/ullmer_tui-frameworks.pdf

Frei, Phil, Su, Victor, Mikhak, Bakhtiar, Ishii, Hiroshi (2000): curlybot: Designing a New Class of Computational Toys. In: Turner, Thea, Szwillus, Gerd, Czerwinski, Mary, Peterno, Fabio, Pemberton, Steven (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 2000 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference April 1-6, 2000, The Hague, The Netherlands. pp. 129-136. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/332040/p129-frei/p129-frei.pdf

Ishii, Hiroshi (2000): Tangible Bits: Designing the Boundary between People Bits and Atoms. In: Proceedings of Graphics Interface 2000 May 15-17, 2000, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. pp. 1-2. http://www.graphicsinterface.org/proceedings/2000/ishii

Lee, Jay, Su, Victor, Ren, Sandia, Ishii, Hiroshi (2000): HandSCAPE: A Vectorizing Tape Measure for On-Site Measuring Applications. In: Turner, Thea, Szwillus, Gerd, Czerwinski, Mary, Peterno, Fabio, Pemberton, Steven (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 2000 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference April 1-6, 2000, The Hague, The Netherlands. pp. 137-144. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/332040/p137-lee/p137-lee.pdf

Patten, James, Ishii, Hiroshi (2000): A comparison of spatial organization strategies in graphical and tangible user interfaces. In: Designing Augmented Reality Environments 2000 , 2000, . pp. 41-50. http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/354666.354671

Underkoffler, John, Ishii, Hiroshi (1999): Urp: A Luminous-Tangible Workbench for Urban Planning and Design. In: Altom, Mark W., Williams, Marian G. (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 99 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference May 15-20, 1999, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. pp. 386-393. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/302979/p386-underkoffler/p386-underkoffler.pdf

Ishii, Hiroshi, Wisneski, Craig, Orbanes, Julian, Chun, Ben, Paradiso, Joe (1999): PingPongPlus: Design of an Athletic-Tangible Interface for Computer-Supported Cooperative . In: Altom, Mark W., Williams, Marian G. (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 99 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference May 15-20, 1999, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. pp. 394-401. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/302979/p394-ishii/p394-ishii.pdf

Yarin, Paul, Ishii, Hiroshi (1999): TouchCounters: Designing Interactive Electronic Labels for Physical Containers. In: Altom, Mark W., Williams, Marian G. (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 99 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference May 15-20, 1999, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. pp. 362-369. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/302979/p362-yarin/p362-yarin.pdf

Ishii, Hiroshi, Tezuka, T., Yoshikawa, H. (1999): User-interface design of the support system for constructing virtual environment. In: , 1999, . pp. 1182-1186.

Ishii, Hiroshi (1998): Tangible Bits: Beyond Graphical User Interface (Abstract). In: Third Asian Pacific Computer and Human Interaction July 15-17, 1998, Kangawa, Japan. http://csdl.computer.org/comp/proceedings/apchi/1998/8347/00/8347xviiabs.htm

Gorbet, Matthew G., Orth, Maggie, Ishii, Hiroshi (1998): Triangles: Tangible Interface for Manipulation and Exploration of Digital Information Topo. In: Karat, Clare-Marie, Lund, Arnold, Coutaz, Joëlle, Karat, John (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 98 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference April 18-23, 1998, Los Angeles, California. pp. 49-56. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/274644/p49-gorbet/p49-gorbet.pdf

Underkoffler, John, Ishii, Hiroshi (1998): Illuminating Light: An Optical Design Tool with a Luminous-Tangible Interface. In: Karat, Clare-Marie, Lund, Arnold, Coutaz, Joëlle, Karat, John (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 98 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference April 18-23, 1998, Los Angeles, California. pp. 542-549. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/274644/p542-underkoffler/p542-underkoffler.pdf

Brave, Scott, Ishii, Hiroshi, Dahley, Andrew (1998): Tangible Interfaces for Remote Collaboration and Communication. In: Poltrock, Steven, Grudin, Jonathan (eds.) Proceedings of the 1998 ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work November 14 - 18, 1998, Seattle, Washington, United States. pp. 169-178. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/cscw/289444/p169-brave/p169-brave.pdf

Streitz, Norbert A., Hartkopf, Volker, Ishii, Hiroshi, Kaplan, Simon M., Moran, Thomas P. (1998): Cooperative Buildings: Integrating Information, Organization, & Architecture. In: Poltrock, Steven, Grudin, Jonathan (eds.) Proceedings of the 1998 ACM conference on Computer supported cooperative work November 14 - 18, 1998, Seattle, Washington, United States. pp. 411-413. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/cscw/289444/p411-streitz/p411-streitz.pdf

Ishii, Hiroshi (1998): Reflections: "The Last Farewell": Traces of Physical Presence. In Interactions, 5 (4) pp. 56-ff. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/journals/interactions/1998-5-4/p56-ishii/p56-ishii.pdf

Ishii, Hiroshi, Ullmer, Brygg (1997): Tangible Bits: Towards Seamless Interfaces between People, Bits and Atoms. In: Pemberton, Steven (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 97 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference March 22-27, 1997, Atlanta, Georgia. pp. 234-241. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/258549/p234-ishii/p234-ishii.pdf

Ullmer, Brygg, Ishii, Hiroshi (1997): The MetaDESK: Models and Prototypes for Tangible User Interfaces. In: Robertson, George G., Schmandt, Chris (eds.) Proceedings of the 10th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology October 14 - 17, 1997, Banff, Alberta, Canada. pp. 223-232. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/uist/263407/p223-ullmer/p223-ullmer.pdf

Fitzmaurice, George W., Ishii, Hiroshi, Buxton, Bill (1995): Bricks: Laying the Foundations for Graspable User Interfaces. In: Katz, Irvin R., Mack, Robert L., Marks, Linn, Rosson, Mary Beth, Nielsen, Jakob (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 95 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference May 7-11, 1995, Denver, Colorado. pp. 442-449. http://www.acm.org/sigchi/chi95/proceedings/papers/gwfz_bdy.htm

Fitzmaurice, George W., Ishii, Hiroshi, Buxton, Bill (1995): Bricks: Laying the Foundations for Graspable User Interfaces. In: Proceedings of ACM SIGCHI May, 1995, . pp. 442-449.

Harrison, Beverly L., Ishii, Hiroshi, Vicente, Kim J., Buxton, Bill (1995): Transparent Layered User Interfaces: An Evaluation of a Display Design to Enhance Focused . In: Katz, Irvin R., Mack, Robert L., Marks, Linn, Rosson, Mary Beth, Nielsen, Jakob (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 95 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference May 7-11, 1995, Denver, Colorado. pp. 317-324. http://www.acm.org/sigchi/chi95/proceedings/papers/blh_bdy.htm

Ishii, Hiroshi, Kobayashi, Minoru, Arita, Kazuho (1994): Iterative Design of Seamless Collaboration Media. In Communications of the ACM, 37 (8) pp. 83-97.

Ishii, Hiroshi, Kobayashi, Minuro, Grudin, Jonathan (1993): Integration of Interpersonal Space and Shared Workspace: ClearBoard Design and Experiments. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 11 (4) pp. 349-375. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/journals/tois/1993-11-4/p349-ishii/p349-ishii.pdf

Ishii, Hiroshi, Arita, Kazuho, Yagi, Takashi (1993): Beyond Videophones: TeamWorkStation-2 for Narrowband ISDN. In: Michelis, Giorgio De, Simone, Carla, Schmidt, Kjeld (eds.) ECSCW 93 - Proceedings of the Third European Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work , 1993, . pp. 325-340.

Ishii, Hiroshi, Kobayashi, Minuro (1992): ClearBoard: A Seamless Medium for Shared Drawing and Conversation with Eye Contact. In: Bauersfeld, Penny, Bennett, John, Lynch, Gene (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 92 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference June 3-7, 1992, Monterey, California. pp. 525-532. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/chi/142750/p525-ishii/p525-ishii.pdf

Ishii, Hiroshi, Kobayashi, Makoto, Grudin, Jonathan (1992): Integration of Inter-Personal Space and Shared Workspace: ClearBoard Design and Experiment. In: Proceedings of the 1992 ACM conference on Computer-supported cooperative work November 01 - 04, 1992, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. pp. 33-42. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/cscw/143457/p33-ishii/p33-ishii.pdf

Ishii, Hiroshi, Arita, Kazuho (1991): ClearFace: Translucent Multiuser Interface for TeamWorkStation. In ACM SIGCHI Bulletin, 23 (4) pp. 67-68.

Ishii, Hiroshi, Miyake, Naomi (1991): Toward an Open Shared Workspace: Computer and Video Fusion Approach of Teamworkstation. In Communications of the ACM, 34 (12) pp. 36-50.

Ishii, Hiroshi, Arita, Kazuho (1991): ClearFace: Translucent Multiuser Interface for TeamWorkStation. In: Bannon, Liam, Robinson, Mike, Schmidt, Kjeld (eds.) ECSCW 91 - Proceedings of the Second European Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work September 24-27, 1991, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Streitz, Norbert A., Halasz, Frank, Ishii, Hiroshi, Malone, Thomas W., Neuwirth, Chris, Olson, Gary M. (1991): The Role of Hypertext for CSCW Applications. In: Walker, Jan (eds.) Proceedings of ACM Hypertext 91 Conference December 15-18, 1991, San Antonio, Texas. pp. 369-377. http://www.acm.org/pubs/articles/proceedings/hypertext/122974/p369-streltz/p369-streltz.pdf

Endo, Takaya, Ishii, Hiroshi (1990): NTT Human Interface Laboratories. In: Carrasco, Jane, Whiteside, John (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 90 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference , 1990, Seattle, Washington,USA. pp. 81-82.

Ishii, Hiroshi (1990): TeamWorkStation: Towards a Seamless Shared Workspace. In: Halasz, Frank (eds.) Proceedings of the 1990 ACM conference on Computer-supported cooperative work October 07 - 10, 1990, Los Angeles, California, United States. pp. 13-26.

Ohkubo, Masaaki, Ishii, Hiroshi (1990): Design and Implementation of a Shared Workspace by Integrating Individual Workspaces. In: Lochovsky, Frederick H., Allen, Robert (eds.) Proceedings of the Conference on Office Information Systems 1990 April 25-27, 1990, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. pp. 142-146.

Ishii, Hiroshi (2007): Tangible User Interfaces. In: "The Human-Computer Interaction Handbook: Fundamentals, Evolving Technologies and Emerging Applications (2nd Edition)" .

Ullmer, Brygg, Ishii, Hiroshi (2001): Emerging Frameworks for Tangible User Interfaces. In: Carroll, John M. (eds). "Human-Computer Interaction in the New Millennium" Addison-Wesley Publishing .

Ishii, Hiroshi, Lee, Newton, Natkin, Stéphane, Tsushima, Katsuhide (eds.) Proceedings of the International Conference on Advances in Computer Entertainment Technology - ACE 2006 June 14-16, 2006, Hollywood, California, USA.

Ishii, Hiroshi

23.13 Commentary by Hiroshi Ishii

Although most people now see Steve Mann as a father of Wearable Computing, he was already far beyond "wearable" some 20 years ago when I first met this cyborg in the MIT Media Lab. His series of inventions was not just about "wearable," but a radical form of symbiosis and co-evolution of machine and human being, which he has been experimenting with for more than two decades, living in symbiosis with computations on his skin, eyes, ears, and in his soul. His vision of "Mediated Reality" has the same significance as the "Collective Intelligence" vision of Douglas Engelbart. Because of the same reason that thinking of Doug as an inventor of the Mouse is inappropriate and disrespectful, seeing Steve as merely an inventor of "wearable" is not right. Please read his visionary papers, and enjoy Steve Mann's deep universe.