Publication statistics

Pub. period:2011-2014
Pub. count:27
Number of co-authors:2



Co-authors

Number of publications with 3 favourite co-authors:

Brian Whitworth:27
Lech Janczewski:4

 

 

Productive colleagues

Adnan Ahmad's 3 most productive colleagues in number of publications:

Brian Whitworth:67
Lech Janczewski:4
 
 
 

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Our Latest Books

 
 
The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. 2nd Edition
by Brian Whitworth and Adnan Ahmad
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Gamification at Work: Designing Engaging Business Software
by Janaki Mythily Kumar and Mario Herger
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The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities
by Brian Whitworth and Adnan Ahmad
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The Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction, 2nd Ed.
by Mads Soegaard and Rikke Friis Dam
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Adnan Ahmad

Ph.D

Picture of Adnan Ahmad.
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Has also published under the name of:
"Adnan Ahmad", "Adnan Ahmed", and "A. Ahmad"

Adnan Ahmad was born in Lahore, Pakistan. He received his Bachelor of Science (Hons.) from Govt. College University (GCU, 2005), with a major in software engineering, and a Masters of Science from Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS, 2009), with a major in distributed systems. He worked for five years in industry, getting hands on experience with cutting edge software and hardware technologies. His PhD in Information Technology at Massey University, New Zealand, was on a formal model of distributed rights allocation in online social interaction. He has published in well-known conferences like Worldcomp, IFIP SEC, IAS, IAIT and Trustcom. His current research applies socio-technical design principles to computer security, and his other interests include crowd sourcing, distributed systems, spam and image processing.

 

Publications by Adnan Ahmad (bibliography)

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2014

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2013): Socio-Technical System Design. In: Soegaard, Mads and Dam, Rikke Friis (eds.). "The Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction, 2nd Ed.". Aarhus, Denmark: The Interaction Design Foundation. Available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/encyclopedia/socio-technical_system_design.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2013): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 978-87-92964-03-8. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2013): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 978-87-92964-03-8. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2013): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 978-87-92964-03-8. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2013): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 978-87-92964-03-8. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2013): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 978-87-92964-03-8. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2013): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 978-87-92964-03-8. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2013): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 978-87-92964-03-8. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2013): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 978-87-92964-03-8. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems.html

 
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Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2014): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. 2nd Edition. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 87-92964-10-9. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems_2nd_ed.html

Hundreds of millions of people use social technologies like Wikipedia, Facebook and YouTube every day, but what makes them work? And what is the next step? The Social Design of Technical Systems explores the path from computing revolution to social evolution. Based on the assumption that it is essential to consider social as well as technological requirements, as we move to create the systems of the future, this book explores the ways in which technology fits, or fails to fit, into the social reality of the modern world. Important performance criteria for social systems, such as fairness, synergy, transparency, order and freedom, are clearly explained for the first time from within a comprehensive systems framework, making this book invaluable for anyone interested in socio-technical systems, especially those planning to build social software. This book reveals the social dilemmas that destroy communities, exposes the myth that computers are smart, analyses social errors like the credit meltdown, proposes online rights standards and suggests community-based business models. If you believe that our future depends on merging social virtue and technology power, you should read this book.

© All rights reserved Whitworth and Ahmad and/or The Interaction Design Foundation

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2014): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. 2nd Edition. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 87-92964-10-9. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems_2nd_ed.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2014): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. 2nd Edition. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 87-92964-10-9. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems_2nd_ed.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2014): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. 2nd Edition. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 87-92964-10-9. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems_2nd_ed.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2014): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. 2nd Edition. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 87-92964-10-9. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems_2nd_ed.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2014): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. 2nd Edition. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 87-92964-10-9. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems_2nd_ed.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2014): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. 2nd Edition. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 87-92964-10-9. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems_2nd_ed.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2014): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. 2nd Edition. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 87-92964-10-9. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems_2nd_ed.html

Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2014): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. 2nd Edition. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 87-92964-10-9. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems_2nd_ed.html

2013
 
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Whitworth, Brian and Ahmad, Adnan (2013): The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. Aarhus, Denmark, The Interaction Design Foundation. ISBN: 978-87-92964-03-8. Book available online at https://www.interaction-design.org/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems.html

Hundreds of millions of people use social technologies like Wikipedia, Facebook and YouTube every day, but what makes them work? And what is the next step? The Social Design of Technical Systems explores the path from computing revolution to social evolution. Based on the assumption that it is essential to consider social as well as technological requirements, as we move to create the systems of the future, this book explores the ways in which technology fits, or fails to fit, into the social reality of the modern world. Important performance criteria for social systems, such as fairness, synergy, transparency, order and freedom, are clearly explained for the first time from within a comprehensive systems framework, making this book invaluable for anyone interested in socio-technical systems, especially those planning to build social software. This book reveals the social dilemmas that destroy communities, exposes the myth that computers are smart, analyses social errors like the credit meltdown, proposes online rights standards and suggests community-based business models. If you believe that our future depends on merging social virtue and technology power, you should read this book.

© All rights reserved Whitworth and Ahmad and/or The Interaction Design Foundation

2012
 
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Ahmad, Adnan, Whitworth, Brian and Janczewski, Lech (2012): Dynamic Rights Reallocation in Social Networks. In: 6th International Symposium on Human Aspects of Information Security and Assurance HAISA 2012 6-8 June, 2012, Crete, Greece.

Access control, as part of every software system, has evolved as computing has evolved. Its original aim was to limit unauthorized access to centralized systems, but the rise of social networks like Facebook has changed that. Now each person wants to control who sees photos or makes comments on their local wall by making and unmaking friends, i.e. dynamic, distributed rights control. Social networks already have access control, but there is currently no agreed logical model for their rights, no consistent scheme for allocating and re-allocating permissions to create, edit, delete and view social objects and entities. A socio-technical approach based on social and technical requirements can give the basics of a model. Various rights reallocations like multiply, divide, transfer and delegate are explored. It suggests a theoretical base for access control beyond its security parent.

© All rights reserved Ahmad et al. and/or their publisher

 
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Ahmad, Adnan, Whitworth, Brian and Janczewski, Lech (2012): More Choices, More Control: Extending Access Control by Meta-Rights Reallocation. In: International Workshop on Trust, Security and Privacy in e-Government, e-Systems and Social Networking eGSSN-12 June 25-27, 2012, Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Online Social Networks (OSN) are platforms that let users build relationships by interacting with each other and adding objects. They differ from simple technical systems in having to satisfy social as well as technical requirements, so OSN access control is both more complex and more subtle than traditional. Currently, it is managed by local management of individual domains and local roles like friend. But making friend gives them rights, raising the issue of meta-rights, the right to issue a right. As user move from friend dyads to groups to communities, a systematic scheme to handle etarights (e.g. transferring, delegating, multiplying and dividing rights) is required. This paper outlines a general model to manage meta-rights for OSN in particular and socio-technical systems in general. The model's validity derives from ociotechnical design, where social requirements like ownership and fairness give technical axioms.

© All rights reserved Ahmad et al. and/or their publisher

 
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Whitworth, Brian, Janczewski, Lech and Ahmad, Adnan (2012): A Logic of Creation in Online Social Networks. In: The 2012 World Congress in Computer Science, Computer Engineering and Applied Computing WORLDCOMP12 July 16-19, 2012, Las Vegas, USA.

A community is a social entity that by norms, laws or ethics grants its citizens rights - social permissions to act. It does so to help itself, as a community that prospers helps its members. Online social networks are computer based communities whose social requirements are not too different from any other. Access control in these networks requires some logical foundation to build upon. Without an agreed logical basis to distribute social rights, current access control models are based on intuition, experience or trial and error. This paper suggests anonine entity creation logic based on the socio-technical approach - use the knowledge of physical society as the basis of information rights model for online communities. Social axioms give a theoretical base for rights analysis that could not only satisfy technical requirements like efficiency but also social requirements like fairness.

© All rights reserved Whitworth et al. and/or their publisher

 
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Ahmad, Adnan, Whitworth, Brian and Janczewski, Lech (2012): A Framework of Rights Allocation in Online Social Networks. In: International Conference on Advances in Information Technology December 6-7, 2012, Bangkok, Thailand.

Access control is the process by which authorized users are granted permission over resources. Access control models incorporate application requirements in their design and evolve with the applications. The rise of online social networks (OSN) like Facebook has posed new social requirements over the privacy of users' data. This is partially due to the social structure of users and partially due to the complexity of OSN having millions of users interacting with each other. Currently, there are some access control models for OSN but they lack a systematical scheme to allocate and re-allocate rights over social objects and entities. This paper presents a rights allocation framework based on the characteristics of rights allocation in OSN and provides a reduction tree to design the model based on these properties. The proposed framework extends the availability of rights and can be used as a basis for different rights allocation models in online social networks.

© All rights reserved Ahmad et al. and/or their publisher

 
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Ahmad, Adnan and Whitworth, Brian (2012): COAT: Collaborative Outgoing Anti-Spam Technique. In: International Conference on Advances in Information Technology December 6-7, 2012, Bangkok, Thailand.

Spam and anti-spam techniques are part of email since its birth. Spam is electronic garbage with no anticipating recipient and almost always deleted. In 2010, around 89% of all emails were spam, resulting in an estimated 260 billion spam emails sent every single day. Most of the current anti-spamming systems focus on incoming spam but these messages still travel the internet world and waste bandwidth, storage and processing resources. This research proposes a collaborative outgoing anti-spam technique to reduce the spread of spam on the internet. The technique targets outgoing emails and its use would free the internet from 260 billion spam a day. During real-time experiment, it blocked 99.95% of the total spam generated with 99.57% elimination at sender side.

© All rights reserved Ahmad and Whitworth and/or their publisher

 
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Ahmad, Adnan and Whitworth, Brian (2012): Future Directions in Access Control for Online Social Networks. In: International Conference on Networks and Information November 24-25, 2012, Bangkok, Thailand.

Access control is the process by which authorized users are granted permission over resources. Access control models incorporate application requirements in their design and thus evolve with the applications. The rise of online social networks (OSN), like Facebook, has posed new requirements over the privacy of users' data due to the presence of heterogeneous privacy circle. The traditional models cannot be used for this new type of applications for the complexity of millions of users interacting with each other. Different access control models for OSN are proposed based on relationships, trust, rule semantics, or history between the user and the requestor, however, rights delegation, rights transfer, reputation management and transparency are still ignored by the research community. To address these concerns and challenges, further research is needed. This paper reviews these challenges and presents a number of future research directions for access control models in the context of OSN.

© All rights reserved Ahmad and Whitworth and/or their publisher

 
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Ahmad, Adnan and Whitworth, Brian (2012): Ethical Issues in Online Social Networks. In: International Conference on Networks and Information November 24-25, 2012, Bangkok, Thailand.

A community is a social entity that by norms, laws or ethics grants its citizens rights - social permissions to act. Online social networks are computer based communities whose social requirements are not too different from any other. Access control in these networks requires some logical foundation to build upon. Without an agreed logical basis to distribute social rights, current access control models are based on intuition, experience or trial and error. This paper identifies some ethical issues in online social networks and suggests their solutions by socio-technical approach - use the knowledge of physical society as the basis of information rights model for online communities. Social axioms provide a theoretical base for rights analysis that could not only satisfy technical but also social and ethical requirements.

© All rights reserved Ahmad and Whitworth and/or their publisher

2011
 
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Ahmad, Adnan and Whitworth, Brian (2011): Distributed access control for social networks. In 2011 7th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security IAS, pp. 68-73

Access control is the process by which access to information is granted to users for certain actions based on their identity. Traditional access control models that map every system resource directly to every system user work for organizations with thousands of users but struggle for social network sites like Facebook with millions of users. The problems faced are firstly the technical complexity of mapping millions of users to billions of resources and secondly the social need of users to own the items they post and to control their access, so access policies beyond just public/private are needed. And finally, that if ordinary users are to manage their own access control, they need software support. This paper argues that only distributed access control can meet these challenges and proposes a model based on the socio-technical design paradigm: first define the social requirements then design a technical solution to fulfill them.

© All rights reserved Ahmad and Whitworth and/or IEEE

 Cited in the following chapters:

Socio-Technical System Design: [/encyclopedia/socio-technical_system_design.html]

The Evolution of Computing: [/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems/the_evolution_of_computing.html]


 
 Cited in the following chapters:

Socio-Technical System Design: [/encyclopedia/socio-technical_system_design.html]

The Evolution of Computing: [/books/the_social_design_of_technical_systems/the_evolution_of_computing.html]


 
 
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