Publication statistics

Pub. period:1998-2001
Pub. count:10
Number of co-authors:8


Number of publications with 3 favourite co-authors:

James A. Landay:
Catherine C. Marshall:
Kei Tanaka:



Productive colleagues

Morgan N. Price's 3 most productive colleagues in number of publications:

James A. Landay:91
Catherine C. Marsh..:55
Gene Golovchinsky:39

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Morgan N. Price


Publications by Morgan N. Price (bibliography)

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Marshall, Catherine C., Price, Morgan N., Golovchinsky, Gene and Schilit, Bill N. (2001): Designing E-Books for Legal Research. In: JCDL01: Proceedings of the 1st ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries 2001. pp. 41-48.

In this paper we report the findings from a field study of legal research in a first-tier law school and on the resulting redesign of XLibris, a next-generation e-book. We first characterize a work setting in which we expected an e-book to be a useful interface for reading and otherwise using a mix of physical and digital library materials, and explore what kinds of reading-related functionality would bring value to this setting. We do this by describing important aspects of legal research in a heterogeneous information environment, including mobility, reading, annotation, link following and writing practices, and their general implications for design. We then discuss how our work with a user community and an evolving e-book prototype allowed us to examine tandem issues of usability and utility, and to redesign an existing e-book user interface to suit the needs of law students. The study caused us to move away from the notion of a stand-alone reading device and toward the concept of a document laptop, a platform that would provide wireless access to information resources, as well as support a fuller spectrum of reading-related activities.

© All rights reserved Marshall et al. and/or ACM Press

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Marshall, Catherine C., Golovchinsky, Gene and Price, Morgan N. (2001): Digital libraries and mobility. In Communications of the ACM, 44 (5) pp. 55-56.

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Marshall, Catherine C., Price, Morgan N., Golovchinsky, Gene and Schilit, Bill N. (1999): Introducing a Digital Library Reading Appliance into a Reading Group. In: DL99: Proceedings of the 4th ACM International Conference on Digital Libraries 1999. pp. 77-84.

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Golovchinsky, Gene, Price, Morgan N. and Schilit, Bill N. (1999): From Reading to Retrieval: Freeform Ink Annotations as Queries. In: Proceedings of the 22nd Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval 1999. pp. 19-25.

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Marshall, Catherine C., Price, Morgan N., Golovchinsky, Gene and Schilit, Bill N. (1999): Collaborating over Portable Reading Appliances. In Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, 3 (1) . http://

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Schilit, Bill N., Price, Morgan N., Golovchinsky, Gene, Tanaka, Kei and Marshall, Catherine C. (1999): As We May Read: The Reading Appliance Revolution. In IEEE Computer, 32 (1) pp. 65-73.

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Schilit, Bill N., Golovchinsky, Gene and Price, Morgan N. (1998): Beyond Paper: Supporting Active Reading with Free Form Digital Ink Annotations. In: Karat, Clare-Marie, Lund, Arnold, Coutaz, Jolle and Karat, John (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 98 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference April 18-23, 1998, Los Angeles, California. pp. 249-256.

Reading frequently involves not just looking at words on a page, but also underlining, highlighting and commenting, either on the text or in a separate notebook. This combination of reading with critical thinking and learning is called active reading [2]. To explore the premise that computation can enhance active reading we have built the XLibris "active reading machine." XLibris uses a commercial high-resolution pen tablet display along with a paper-like user interface to support the key affordances of paper for active reading: the reader can hold a scanned image of a page in his lap and mark on it with digital ink. To go beyond paper, XLibris monitors the free-form ink annotations made while reading, and uses these to organize and to search for information. Readers can review, sort and filter clippings of their annotated text in a "Reader's Notebook." XLibris also searches for material related to the annotated text, and displays links to similar documents unobtrusively in the margin. XLibris demonstrates that computers can help active readers organize and find information while retaining many of the advantages of reading on paper.

© All rights reserved Schilit et al. and/or ACM Press

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Davis, Richard, Lin, James, Brotherton, Jason, Landay, James A., Price, Morgan N. and Schilit, Bill N. (1998): A Framework for Sharing Handwritten Notes. In: Mynatt, Elizabeth D. and Jacob, Robert J. K. (eds.) Proceedings of the 11th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology November 01 - 04, 1998, San Francisco, California, United States. pp. 119-120.

NotePals is an ink-based, collaborative note taking application that runs on personal digital assistants (PDAs). Meeting participants write notes in their own handwriting on a PDA. These notes are shared with other participants by synchronizing later with a shared note repository that can be viewed using a desktop-based web browser. NotePals is distinguished by its lightweight process, interface, and hardware. This demonstration illustrates the design of two different NotePals clients and our web-based note browser.

© All rights reserved Davis et al. and/or ACM Press

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Price, Morgan N., Golovchinsky, Gene and Schilit, Bill N. (1998): Linking by Inking: Trailblazing in a Paper-Like Hypertext. In: Hypertext 98 - Proceedings of the Ninth ACM Conference on Hypertext and Hypermedia June 20-24, 1998, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. pp. 30-39.

"Linking by inking" is a new interface for reader-directed link construction that bridges reading and browsing activities. We are developing linking by inking in XLibris, a hypertext system based on the paper document metaphor. Readers use a pen computer to annotate page images with free-form ink, much as they would on paper, and the computer constructs hypertext links based on the ink marks. This paper proposes two kinds of reader-directed links: automatic and manual. Automatic links are created in response to readers' annotations. The system extracts the text near free-form ink marks, uses these terms to construct queries, executes queries against a collection of documents, and unobtrusively displays links to related documents in the margin or as "further reading lists." We also present a design for manual (ad hoc) linking: circling an ink symbol generates a multi-way link to other instances of the same symbol.

© All rights reserved Price et al. and/or ACM Press

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Schilit, Bill N., Price, Morgan N. and Golovchinsky, Gene (1998): Digital Library Information Appliances. In: DL98: Proceedings of the 3rd ACM International Conference on Digital Libraries 1998. pp. 217-226.

Although digital libraries are intended to support education and knowledge work, current digital library interfaces are narrowly focused on retrieval. Furthermore, they are designed for desktop computers with keyboards, mice, and high-speed network connections. Desktop computers fail to support many key aspects of knowledge work, including active reading, free form ink annotation, fluid movement among document activities, and physical mobility. This paper proposes portable computers specialized for knowledge work, or digital library information appliances, as a new platform for accessing digital libraries. We present a number of ways that knowledge work can be augmented and transformed by the use of such appliances. These insights are based on our implementation of two research prototype systems: XLibris, an "active reading machine," and TeleWeb, a mobile World Wide Web browser.

© All rights reserved Schilit et al. and/or ACM Press

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