Number of co-authors:8
Number of publications with 3 favourite co-authors:John F. Courtright:4Marcia L. Fox:1Jerry M. Childs:1
William H. Acton's 3 most productive colleagues in number of publications:F. Thomas Eggemeie..:8John F. Courtright:5Bruce H. Taylor:2
Computer programs emerge as the outcome of complex human processes of cognition, communication and negotiation, which serve to establish the meaningful embedding of the computer system in its intended use context.
-- Floyd, 1992, p. 24
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William H. Acton
Publications by William H. Acton (bibliography)
Acton, William H. and Courtright, John F. (1990): Adapting SMART Methodology for Use with Subjective Rating Data. In: D., Woods, and E., Roth, (eds.) Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 34th Annual Meeting 1990, Santa Monica, USA. pp. 645-648.
Childs, Jerry M. and Acton, William H. (1990): Training Requirements Development for the Theater Air Command and Control Simulation Facility (TACCSF). In: D., Woods, and E., Roth, (eds.) Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 34th Annual Meeting 1990, Santa Monica, USA. pp. 1333-1336.
The purpose of this paper is to describe an abbreviated Instructional Systems Development (ISD) approach that was adopted to support identification of training requirements for two system management positions in the Theater Air Command and Control Simulation Facility (TACCSF). TACCSF is a large scale, man-in-the-loop air defense simulation facility located on Kirtland AFB, New Mexico. A tailored ISD approach was used to support the evaluation of existing training-related documentation and materials. A 41 X 64 cell Training Resources Matrix was generated. Training requirements were arrayed vertically and training resources were listed horizontally in the matrix. The matrix was used to help define and develop preliminary training requirements, resources, and training plans. Results of the analyses were useful, and would be improved by including more detailed information in the data base.
© All rights reserved Childs and Acton and/or Human Factors Society
Courtright, John F. and Acton, William H. (1989): OT&E Service Report Classification. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 33rd Annual Meeting 1989. pp. 1177-1181.
Many problems encountered during operational test and evaluation of Air Force systems are described in service reports, an important element in the communication of test findings to the system acquisition community. Since many service reports cite deficiencies in the man-machine interface, service report data are an important source of human factors information. However, they are not readily integrated with other test data because of their qualitative character. This paper describes attempts to classify service reports from two complex command, control and communications type systems in order to make the data more usable. Classification schemes emphasizing (1) likely engineering solutions to the problems and (2) human activities affected by the problems were applied. Classification results were consistent with known characteristics of the system, and revealed interesting trends in the data. Some support was obtained for both the reliability and validity of the classification schemes as well. Implications of the results for service report analysis are discussed.
© All rights reserved Courtright and Acton and/or Human Factors Society
Taylor, Bruce H., Courtright, John F., Acton, William H. and Fox, Marcia L. (1989): Computer-Aided Checklist for Human Engineering. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 33rd Annual Meeting 1989. pp. 1210-1213.
Military Standard 1472C is the prevailing standard for human engineering in military systems, possessing literally thousands of design criteria. The breadth and detail of these criteria often prove to be impediments to their effective application. This paper describes a prototype software tool, the Computer-Aided Checklist for Human Engineering (CACHE), designed to automate the generation, administration, and analysis of human engineering compliance checklists.
© All rights reserved Taylor et al. and/or Human Factors Society
Courtright, John F., Acton, William H., Frazier, Michael L. and Lane, J. Walter (1988): Effects of "Workarounds" on Perceptions of Problem Importance During Operational Test. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 32nd Annual Meeting 1988. pp. 1150-1153.
Workarounds are nonstandard procedures operators devise to compensate for system deficiencies. This study investigated the impact of workarounds on the perceived importance of problems discovered during operational test. Questionnaire data were collected for 73 reported design deficiencies to assess the existence and effectiveness of workarounds and the importance of the tasks they affected to mission success. Problems were viewed as more important when workarounds were ineffective or time consuming, and when the tasks affected were deemed critical to mission success. Implications for problem prioritization are discussed.
© All rights reserved Courtright et al. and/or Human Factors Society
Amell, John R., Eggemeier, F. Thomas and Acton, William H. (1987): The Criterion Task Set: An Updated Battery. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 31st Annual Meeting 1987. pp. 405-409.
Several tasks in the Criterion Task Set have been modified as a result of validation studies conducted on the original battery. Recent research has established new loading levels for those tasks. In addition to task changes, several modifications have been made in the user interface. Added features include: a 30 second trial option, automatic trial number incrementing, a file naming convention, and a data reduction program.
© All rights reserved Amell et al. and/or Human Factors Society
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