Jul 29

There is an old English folk saying that goes, "If you can't stand the heat, get out of the kitchen." I have a different approach: Do something about the heat. The folk saying would have us accept the poor designs of the world. Why? After all, if people were responsible for the "heat" in the first place, then people should be able to do something about it. Is the kitchen too hot? Redesign it.

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Raja Kushalnagar

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2012
 
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Lasecki, Walter, Miller, Christopher, Sadilek, Adam, Abumoussa, Andrew, Borrello, Donato, Kushalnagar, Raja and Bigham, Jeffrey (2012): Real-time captioning by groups of non-experts. In: Proceedings of the 2012 ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology 2012. pp. 23-34.

Real-time captioning provides deaf and hard of hearing people immediate access to spoken language and enables participation in dialogue with others. Low latency is critical because it allows speech to be paired with relevant visual cues. Currently, the only reliable source of real-time captions are expensive stenographers who must be recruited in advance and who are trained to use specialized keyboards. Automatic speech recognition (ASR) is less expensive and available on-demand, but its low accuracy, high noise sensitivity, and need for training beforehand render it unusable in real-world situations. In this paper, we introduce a new approach in which groups of non-expert captionists (people who can hear and type) collectively caption speech in real-time on-demand. We present Legion:Scribe, an end-to-end system that allows deaf people to request captions at any time. We introduce an algorithm for merging partial captions into a single output stream in real-time, and a captioning interface designed to encourage coverage of the entire audio stream. Evaluation with 20 local participants and 18 crowd workers shows that non-experts can provide an effective solution for captioning, accurately covering an average of 93.2% of an audio stream with only 10 workers and an average per-word latency of 2.9 seconds. More generally, our model in which multiple workers contribute partial inputs that are automatically merged in real-time may be extended to allow dynamic groups to surpass constituent individuals (even experts) on a variety of human performance tasks.

© All rights reserved Lasecki et al. and/or ACM Press

 
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Jul 29

There is an old English folk saying that goes, "If you can't stand the heat, get out of the kitchen." I have a different approach: Do something about the heat. The folk saying would have us accept the poor designs of the world. Why? After all, if people were responsible for the "heat" in the first place, then people should be able to do something about it. Is the kitchen too hot? Redesign it.

-- Don Norman

 
 

Featured chapter

Marc Hassenzahl explains the fascinating concept of User Experience and Experience Design. Commentaries by Don Norman, Eric Reiss, Mark Blythe, and Whitney Hess

User Experience and Experience Design !

 
 

Our Latest Books

Kumar and Herger 2013: Gamification at Work: Designing Engaging Business Software...
by Janaki Mythily Kumar and Mario Herger

 
Start reading

Whitworth and Ahmad 2013: The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities...
by Brian Whitworth and Adnan Ahmad

 
Start reading

Soegaard and Dam 2013: The Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction, 2nd Ed....
by Mads Soegaard and Rikke Friis Dam

 
Start reading
 
 

Help us help you!