Publication statistics

Pub. period:1991-2008
Pub. count:8
Number of co-authors:16



Co-authors

Number of publications with 3 favourite co-authors:

Hermann Kaindl:3
Merete Skjelten Tveit:1
Andreas Prinz:1

 

 

Productive colleagues

Mikael Snaprud's 3 most productive colleagues in number of publications:

Hermann Kaindl:38
Carlos A. Velasco:25
Christian Bhler:10
 
 
 

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Mikael Snaprud

 

Publications by Mikael Snaprud (bibliography)

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2008
 
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Bhler, Christian, Heck, Helmut, Nietzio, Annika, Olsen, Morten Goodwin and Snaprud, Mikael (2008): Monitoring Accessibility of Governmental Web Sites in Europe. In: Miesenberger, Klaus, Klaus, Joachim, Zagler, Wolfgang L. and Karshmer, Arthur I. (eds.) ICCHP 2008 - Computers Helping People with Special Needs - 11th International Conference July 9-11, 2008, Linz, Austria. pp. 410-417. Available online

2007
 
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Velleman, Eric, Strobbe, Christophe, Koch, Johannes, Velasco, Carlos A. and Snaprud, Mikael (2007): A Unified Web Evaluation Methodology Using WCAG. In: Stephanidis, Constantine (ed.) Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Applications and Services, 4th International Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction, UAHCI 2007 Held as Part of HCI International 2007 Beijing, China, July 22-27, 2007 Proceedings, Part July 22-27, 2007, Beijing, China. pp. 177-184. Available online

 
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Snaprud, Mikael and Sawicka, Agata (2007): Large Scale Web Accessibility Evaluation - A European Perspective. In: Stephanidis, Constantine (ed.) Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Applications and Services, 4th International Conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction, UAHCI 2007 Held as Part of HCI International 2007 Beijing, China, July 22-27, 2007 Proceedings, Part July 22-27, 2007, Beijing, China. pp. 150-159. Available online

2006
 
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Aslaksen, Finn, Fardal, Frank and Snaprud, Mikael (2006): The Role of Benchmarking in Concerted Actions to Increase Accessibility. In: Miesenberger, Klaus, Klaus, Joachim, Zagler, Wolfgang L. and Karshmer, Arthur I. (eds.) ICCHP 2006 - Computers Helping People with Special Needs, 10th International Conference July 11-13, 2006, Linz, Austria. pp. 258-262. Available online

 
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Gjoesaeter, Terje, Nytun, Jan Pettersen, Prinz, Andreas, Snaprud, Mikael and Tveit, Merete Skjelten (2006): Modelling Accessibility Constraints. In: Miesenberger, Klaus, Klaus, Joachim, Zagler, Wolfgang L. and Karshmer, Arthur I. (eds.) ICCHP 2006 - Computers Helping People with Special Needs, 10th International Conference July 11-13, 2006, Linz, Austria. pp. 40-47. Available online

1994
 
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Snaprud, Mikael and Kaindl, Hermann (1994): Types and Inheritance in Hypertext. In International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 41 (1) pp. 223-241.

Modeling tasks and domains of the real world, and especially developing a completely formal representation of the models, is very difficult. However, modeling is a key activity in, for example, object-oriented analysis and in knowledge acquisition. Since premature attempts at formal representation reinforce the problem, we propose to use semiformal representations. While hypertext is mostly used as a medium between authors and readers, our emphasis is primarily on using it as a means of semiformal representation in the early stages of domain and task modeling. In fact, we have used hypertext as a mediating representation in the course of knowledge acquisition for building a knowledge-based (expert) system, mainly for the difficult process of modeling the relevant parts of the real world. According to our experience, hypertext provides a suitable external representation for supporting the cognitive processes involved in modeling. This intermediary representation becomes increasingly more formal through defining external and internal structure of the nodes, and through typing of links and nodes. This paper primarily addresses the issues of typing in hypertext. We elaborate on the concepts of typed links and typed nodes, and introduce typed partitions. Moreover, we define and utilize relationships between them. Our organization of hypertext is according to object-oriented ideas, e.g. using inheritance of text. While the usefulness of inheritance in object-oriented approaches to software engineering and knowledge representation is generally known, we show the benefits of inheritance for the semiformal representation in hypertext. In summary, the use of types and inheritance in hypertext is highly recommended according to our experience.

© All rights reserved Snaprud and Kaindl and/or Academic Press

 
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Snaprud, Mikael and Kaindl, Hermann (1994): Types and Inheritance in Hypertext. In International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 41 (1) pp. 223-241.

Modeling tasks and domains of the real world, and especially developing a completely formal representation of the models, is very difficult. However, modeling is a key activity in, for example, object-oriented analysis and in knowledge acquisition. Since premature attempts at formal representation reinforce the problem, we propose to use semiformal representations. While hypertext is mostly used as a medium between authors and readers, our emphasis is primarily on using it as a means of semiformal representation in the early stages of domain and task modeling. In fact, we have used hypertext as a mediating representation in the course of knowledge acquisition for building a knowledge-based (expert) system, mainly for the difficult process of modeling the relevant parts of the real world. According to our experience, hypertext provides a suitable external representation for supporting the cognitive processes involved in modeling. This intermediary representation becomes increasingly more formal through defining external and internal structure of the nodes, and through typing of links and nodes. This paper primarily addresses the issues of typing in hypertext. We elaborate on the concepts of typed links and typed nodes, and introduce typed partitions. Moreover, we define and utilize relationships between them. Our organization of hypertext is according to object-oriented ideas, e.g. using inheritance of text. While the usefulness of inheritance in object-oriented approaches to software engineering and knowledge representation is generally known, we show the benefits of inheritance for the semiformal representation in hypertext. In summary, the use of types and inheritance in hypertext is highly recommended according to our experience.

© All rights reserved Snaprud and Kaindl and/or Academic Press

1991
 
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Kaindl, Hermann and Snaprud, Mikael (1991): Hypertext and Structured Object Representation: A Unifying View. In: Walker, Jan (ed.) Proceedings of ACM Hypertext 91 Conference December 15-18, 1991, San Antonio, Texas. pp. 345-358. Available online

This paper addresses combining hypertext with knowledge representation as used in knowledge-based systems. Hypertext imposes explicit structure on text, whereas certain knowledge representation formalisms of AI are designed for structuring knowledge. We propose a way of tightly integrating hypertext and structured object representation, using (AI) frames for the basic representation of hypertext nodes. Moreover, we allow for the additional option of explicit representation of structure using partitions of hypertext nodes, which are realized as slots. In order to make the text more dynamic, our approach facilitates some aspects of object-oriented programming using message passing from the text in the browser. The proposed tight integration is useful for design tasks, in particular for building knowledge-based systems. According to our experience, hypertext provides a useful intermediary representation of knowledge between informal and formal. Based on a level of basic hypertext functionality, we provide several features useful for supporting knowledge acquisition. As an example of our results of using this method of knowledge acquisition, we illustrate the strategic knowledge in our application domain. In addition, tight integration supports important aspects of software engineering and the user interface. Moreover, we discuss several advantages from a hypertext point of view. In particular, the partitions of hypertext nodes can be useful for selective inheritance of text. In summary, both AI and hypertext will benefit from such a tight integration.

© All rights reserved Kaindl and and/or ACM Press

 
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