Number of co-authors:33
Number of publications with 3 favourite co-authors:Thomas K. Landauer:2Ivan Marsic:2Aleksandra Sarcevic:2
Michael E. Lesk's 3 most productive colleagues in number of publications:W. Bruce Croft:124Edward A. Fox:109Pamela Samuelson:55
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Michael E. Lesk
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Publications by Michael E. Lesk (bibliography)
Sarcevic, Aleksandra, Lesk, Michael E., Marsic, Ivan and Burd, Randall S. (2008): Quantifying adaptation parameters for information support of trauma teams. In: Proceedings of ACM CHI 2008 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems April 5-10, 2008. pp. 3303-3308.
Trauma centers are stressful, noisy and dynamic environments, with many people performing complex tasks, and with little in the way of information support. Information must be prioritized and filtered to avoid overload or loss. This work quantifies the information-selection parameters that will guide adaptive user interfaces for trauma teams.
© All rights reserved Sarcevic et al. and/or ACM Press
Sarcevic, Aleksandra, Marsic, Ivan, Lesk, Michael E. and Burd, Randall S. (2008): Transactive memory in trauma resuscitation. In: Proceedings of ACM CSCW08 Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work 2008. pp. 215-224.
This paper describes an ethnographic study conducted to explore the possibilities for future design and development of technological support for trauma teams. We videotaped 10 trauma resuscitations and transcribed each event. Using a framework that we developed, we coded each transcript to allow qualitative and quantitative analysis of the trauma teams' collaborative processes. We analyzed teams' tasks, interactions, and communication patterns that support information acquisition and sharing. Our results showed the importance of team transactive memory, but also pointed to inefficiencies in communication processes, which enable the functioning of this collective memory system. Based on quantitative and qualitative observations of trauma teamwork, we present opportunities for technological solutions that may reduce the cognitive effort needed for maintaining the working memory of trauma teams.
© All rights reserved Sarcevic et al. and/or ACM Press
Entlich, Richard, Garson, Lorrin, Lesk, Michael E., Normore, Lorraine, Olsen, Jan and Weibel, Stuart (1997): Making a Digital Library: The Contents of the CORE Project. In ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 15 (2) pp. 103-123.
The CORE (Chemical Online Retrieval Experiment) project is a library of primary journal articles in chemistry. Any library has an inside and an outside; in this article we describe the inside of the library and the methods for building the system and accumulating the database. A later article will describe the outside (user experiences). Among electronic-library projects, the CORE project is unusual in that it has both ASCII derived from typesetting and image data for all its pages, and among experimental electronic-library projects, it is unusually large. We describe here (a) the processes of scanning and analyzing about 400,000 pages of primary journal material, (b) the conversion of a similar amount of textual database material, (c) the linking of these two data sources, and (d) the indexing of the text material.
© All rights reserved Entlich et al. and/or ACM Press
Lesk, Michael E., Cutting, Doug, Pedersen, Jan, Noreault, Terry and Koll, Matt (1997): Real Life Information Retrieval: Commercial Search Engines. In: Proceedings of the 20th Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval 1997. p. 333.
The world of commercial search engines is surprisingly little covered in the literature, e.g. the devices needed to cope with searching for extremely frequent terms, efficient coding for partial word searching, and fielded searching. This panel is made up of people who have written large search systems and will give them (and the audience) a chance to discuss the technical and practical details of large search systems. Content representation in large systems is now a major topic as we try to move beyond simple word matching for searching. As the different Web searching systems compete, they try to offer better search quality through a variety of techniques. This includes concept searching using both manual aids and automatic detection. The panelists will be able to discuss how this is done and what kinds of progress are being made. This panel will provide insight into the practical situation in the industry today, and what kinds of technology are used in searching and why.
© All rights reserved Lesk et al. and/or ACM Press
Samuelson, Pamela, Clapes, Anthony L., Jacobs, Michael, Lesk, Michael E. and Warren, Bruce (1991): Legal Debate on the Copyright Look and Feel Lawsuits: The Sequel. In: Robertson, Scott P., Olson, Gary M. and Olson, Judith S. (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 91 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference April 28 - June 5, 1991, New Orleans, Louisiana. pp. 397-398.
This panel will provide an opportunity to hear attorneys and members of the CHI community debate the pros and cons of "strong" copyright protection for user interfaces to computer programs. The lawyer debaters will discuss some of the judicial decisions that have been issued since the first CHI legal debate in 1989.
© All rights reserved Samuelson et al. and/or ACM Press
Egan, Dennis E., Lesk, Michael E., Ketchum, R. Daniel, Lochbaum, Carol C., Remde, Joel R., Littman, Michael and Landauer, Thomas K. (1991): Hypertext for the Electronic Library? CORE Sample Results. In: Walker, Jan (ed.) Proceedings of ACM Hypertext 91 Conference December 15-18, 1991, San Antonio, Texas. pp. 299-312.
The Chemistry Online Retrieval Experiment, or CORE project, is studying the possibility of creating a useful, usable electronic library for chemistry researchers. In a preliminary study, chemists were observed performing five different tasks representative of typical uses of the scientific journal literature. The tasks simulated browsing journals, answering specific questions given a citation to an article, answering specific questions given no citation, writing essays to summarize and integrate information, and finding "analogous transformations" for chemical reactions. Chemists carried out these tasks using one of three systems: (a) the printed journals supplemented with a widely used printed index system, (b) a hypertext system (the SuperBook document browser), or (c) a new electronic system (Pixlook) that incorporates traditional document retrieval methods plus full text indexing and delivers bitmap images of journal pages. Both electronic systems had a large advantage over the printed system for search and essay tasks. SuperBook users were faster and more accurate than Pixlook users at finding information relevant to browsing and search topics. Certain SuperBook hypertext features, however, did not work as well as Pixlook for displaying target articles. The patterns of data and log files of subjects suggest how SuperBook, Pixlook and related systems might be improved.
© All rights reserved Egan et al. and/or ACM Press
Lesk, Michael E. (1991): The CORE Electronic Chemistry Library. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval 1991. pp. 93-112.
A major online file of chemical journal literature complete with graphics is being developed to test the usability of fully electronic access to documents. The test file will include ten years of the American Chemical Society's online journals, supplemented with the graphics from the paper publication, and the indexing of the articles from Chemical Abstracts. Our goals are (1) to assess the effectiveness and acceptability of electronic access to primary journals as compared with paper, and (2) to identify the most desirable functions of the user interface to an electronic systems of journals, including in particular a comparison of page image display with Ascii display interfaces. This paper describes the chemical journal data, the interfaces for searching and reading it, and the experiments being done.
© All rights reserved Lesk and/or ACM Press
Salton, Garard, Lesk, Michael E., Harman, Donna, Williamson, Robert E., Fox, Edward A. and Buckley, Chris (1991): The Smart Project in Automatic Document Retrieval. In: Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval 1991. pp. 356-358.
The Smart project in automatic text retrieval was started in 1961. It is the oldest, continuously running research project in information retrieval. The panel members are all major contributors to the Smart system work. The discussion covers aspects of the Smart system design and examines the past and future significance of some of the research conducted in the Smart environment.
© All rights reserved Salton et al. and/or ACM Press
Samuelson, Pamela, Brown, Jack E., Hemnes, Thomas M. S. and Lesk, Michael E. (1989): Protecting User Interfaces Through Copyright Law. In: Bice, Ken and Lewis, Clayton H. (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 89 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference April 30 - June 4, 1989, Austin, Texas. p. 104.
Lesk, Michael E. (1989): What To Do When There's Too Much Information. In: Halasz, Frank and Meyrowitz, Norman (eds.) Proceedings of ACM Hypertext 89 Conference November 5-8, 1989, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. pp. 305-318.
Hypertext systems with small units of text are likely to drown the user with information, in the same way that online catalogs or bibliographic retrieval systems often do. Experiments with a catalog of 800,000 book citations have shown two useful ways of dealing with the "too many hits" problem. One is a display of phrases containing the excessively frequent words; another is a display of titles by hierarchical category. The same techniques should apply to other text-based retrieval systems. In general, interactive solutions seem more promising than attempts to do detailed query analysis and get things right the first time.
© All rights reserved Lesk and/or ACM Press
Borgman, Christine L., Belkin, Nicholas J., Croft, W. Bruce, Lesk, Michael E. and Landauer, Thomas K. (1988): Retrieval Systems for the Information Seeker: Can the Role of the Intermediary be Automated?. In: Soloway, Elliot, Frye, Douglas and Sheppard, Sylvia B. (eds.) Proceedings of the ACM CHI 88 Human Factors in Computing Systems Conference June 15-19, 1988, Washington, DC, USA. pp. 51-53.
The introduction of automated information retrieval (IR) systems was met with great enthusiasm and predictions that manual literature searching soon would be replaced. Three decades later, IR systems have not progressed to the stage where any but the dedicated few can operate them without a highly skilled human intermediary acting as interface between user and system. In the interim, we have learned that the retrieval process is extremely complex both in terms of understanding people and their communication and in terms of understanding scientific information and technical vocabulary. Experiments with new techniques suggest to many the possibility of eliminating the human intermediary, either in large part or altogether; others would argue that the retrieval problems are too complex to be resolved for more than highly restricted domains. The possibility of eliminating the human intermediary is of current research interest to the several disciplines that are represented on this panel.
© All rights reserved Borgman et al. and/or ACM Press
Salton, Gerard and Lesk, Michael E. (1965): The SMART automatic document retrieval systems - an illustration. In Communications of the ACM, 8 (6) pp. 391-398.
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