Number of co-authors:18
Number of publications with 3 favourite co-authors:Shaun Hutchins:2Jonathan Kern:2John E. Deaton:2
Michael Barnes's 3 most productive colleagues in number of publications:Florian Jentsch:33Denise Nicholson:16Jessie Y. C. Chen:12
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Publications by Michael Barnes (bibliography)
Hutchins, Shaun, McDermott, Patricia and Barnes, Michael (2010): A Comparison of Asset versus Criteria Allocation Decisions in Military Decision Making. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 54th Annual Meeting 2010. pp. 344-348.
The effectiveness of complex, dynamic, and stochastic decisions require an understanding of the tradeoffs between decisions and the facility to perform what if analyses of alternatives. Set in the context of future combat systems, the current study explored features of a robotic asset allocation decision for a surveillance and reconnaissance task. Decision features explored included the method of interaction with plan data, possible decision bias, and robustness following a change in planning assumptions. Findings suggest that planning decisions made from a predetermined set of optimal plans may be faster and more effective than creating plans from scratch if the planning assumptions remain constant. However, plans created from scratch may more deeply engage the planner in the planning conditions, and consequently, result in plans that more effectively handle changes in the planning assumptions.
© All rights reserved Hutchins et al. and/or HFES
Barnes, Michael, Jentsch, Florian, Chen, Jessie Y. C., Haas, Ellen and Cosenzo, Keryl (2010): SOLDIER ROBOT TEAMS: SIX YEARS OF RESEARCH. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 54th Annual Meeting 2010. pp. 1493-1497.
US Army researchers and support contractors are involved in a multi-year effort to understand the impact of human-robot interaction (HRI) and teaming for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and unmanned ground vehicles (UGV) in future and current Army conflicts. The purpose of this paper is to summarize human-robotic principles derived from these programs. The principles cover both problems and solutions evaluated over the more than six years of experimentation. We discuss the implications of Soldier teaming, survivability, multitasking, automation and the importance of individual differences for HRI. Mitigation strategies related to individual differences and training regimens are discussed. We also explicate results related to multimodal interfaces and adaptive systems.
© All rights reserved Barnes et al. and/or HFES
Cosenzo, Keryl, Chen, Jessie, Reinerman-Jones, Lauren, Barnes, Michael and Nicholson, Denise (2010): Adaptive Automation Effects on Operator Performance during a Reconnaissance Mission with an Unmanned Ground Vehicle. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 54th Annual Meeting 2010. pp. 2135-2139.
We simulated a generic military crew station and examined the workload and performance of robotics operators when interacting with a ground robot in the two modes of robotic autonomy, teleoperation or semi-autonomous. We examined the effect of autonomy and invocation strategies on performance. The operator had either full teleoperation (manual) or semi-autonomy (static) regardless of task load. In a third condition, the robots autonomy changed based on task load (adaptive). The operator had to identify hostile targets during the mission and maintain situation awareness (SA) of his local environment and the overall mission via a SA map. Results showed that when task load increased from low to high, participants' SA performance was better in the adaptive and static automation conditions than the manual condition; their threat detection performance degradation was less in manual and adaptive than in the static condition. On the other hand, when task load shifted from high to low, threat detection performance was better in the adaptive than the other two conditions.
© All rights reserved Cosenzo et al. and/or HFES
Hutchins, Shaun, Cosenzo, Keryl Ann, McDermott, Patricia L., Feng, Theo-dric, Barnes, Michael and Gacy, Marc (2009): An Investigation of the Tactile Communications Channel for Robotic Control. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 53rd Annual Meeting 2009. pp. 182-186.
The impacts on performance of three different forms of communication (radio, chat, and tactile belt) were explored in the context of a small unmanned ground vehicle (SUGV) target identification task. The target identification task required a Commander with knowledge of target locations and access to a digital map displaying the current SUGV position and orientation to direct a Soldier remotely operating the SUGV to the targets using a finite set of eleven commands. The study revealed no evidence for a loss of soldier performance with the tactile belt communications channel. The finding suggests that the tactile use of haptic signals may be feasible, a potentially important finding for situations requiring covert communications.
© All rights reserved Hutchins et al. and/or their publisher
Deaton, John E., Barnes, Michael, Kern, Jonathan and Wright, Douglas (1990): An Evaluation of the Augie Arrow HUD Symbology as an Aid to Recovery from Unusual Attitudes. In: D., Woods, and E., Roth, (eds.) Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 34th Annual Meeting 1990, Santa Monica, USA. pp. 31-35.
Deaton, John E., Barnes, Michael, Lindsey, Nancy, Greene, Janettarose and Kern, Jonathan (1989): The Effect of Windscreen Bows and HUD Pitch Ladder on Pilot Performance during Simulated Flight. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 33rd Annual Meeting 1989. pp. 33-37.
During the upgrade of the F-14 to the F-14D, pilots have expressed their concerns regarding the obscuration of the forward field-of-view due to the new Head-Up Display (HUD) supports in conjunction with preexisting windscreen bows. An additional issue involved the proposed use of the HUD as the primary flight reference instrument. The HUD pitch ladder has been criticized for not providing enough information to enhance recovery from unusual attitudes. The purpose of the present study was twofold: (1) to measure the levels of "target" detection with and without windscreen bows, and (2) to measure unusual attitude recovery performance using two different HUD pitch ladder formats. During simulated flight, 12 subjects were required to make visual detections of enemy aircraft with and without the bows. Subjects were also required to recover from various pitch/roll combinations. Removal of the bows improved target detection. Results of the obscuration study showed that in the first 5 seconds into the flight 80% of the targets were detected with bows off, while only 60% were detected with bows on. Evaluation of the two HUD pitch ladder formats revealed that, at severe negative pitch attitudes, there was a marked performance benefit with the Enhanced HUD vice the Standard HUD. Possible improvements in current HUD pitch ladder formats were suggested which would convey more cues to accurately and rapidly determine aircraft attitude.
© All rights reserved Deaton et al. and/or Human Factors Society
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