Number of co-authors:14
Number of publications with 3 favourite co-authors:William B. Lathrop:2Philip J. Kellman:1Christopher S. Allen:1
Mary K. Kaiser's 3 most productive colleagues in number of publications:Anthony D. Andre:14John M. Flach:14Walter W. Johnson:9
The moment clients realize that revisions are not an all-you-can-eat buffet, suddenly they realize they are not hungry.
-- Lester Beall
Read the fascinating history of Wearable Computing, told by its father, Steve Mann
Read Steve's chapter !
Mary K. Kaiser
Publications by Mary K. Kaiser (bibliography)
Kaiser, Mary K., Allen, Christopher S., Barshi, Immanuel, Billman, Dorrit and Holden, Kritina L. (2010): Human Factors Research for Space Exploration: Measurement, Modeling, and Mitigation. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 54th Annual Meeting 2010. pp. 136-139.
As part of NASA's Human Research Program, the Space Human Factors Engineering Project serves as the bridge between Human Factors research and Human Spaceflight applications. Our goal is to be responsive to the operational community while addressing issues at a sufficient level of abstraction to ensure that our tools and solutions generalize beyond the point design. In this panel, representatives from four of our research domains will discuss the challenges they face in solving current problems while also enabling future capabilities.
© All rights reserved Kaiser et al. and/or HFES
Lathrop, William B. and Kaiser, Mary K. (2005): Acquiring Spatial Knowledge While Traveling Simple and Complex Paths with Immersive and Nonimmersive Interfaces. In Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 14 (3) pp. 249-263.
Lathrop, William B. and Kaiser, Mary K. (2002): Perceived Orientation in Physical and Virtual Environments: Changes in Perceived Orientation as a Function of Idiothetic Information Available. In Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 11 (1) pp. 19-32.
Kellman, Philip J. and Kaiser, Mary K. (1994): Perceptual Learning Modules in Flight Training. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 38th Annual Meeting 1994. pp. 1183-1187.
Differences between novices and experts in many piloting skills may be due to perceptual learning. Sufficient exposure to relevant stimulus variation produces more efficient information extraction, processing of higher-order patterns, and automaticity. Isolating and condensing relevant perceptual experience in part-task environments might accelerate training. Here we report initial studies of two prototype perceptual learning modules (PLMs) for flight training. Subjects were either experienced (500-2500 hour) civil aviators or non-pilots. In the Visual Navigation PLM, subjects received brief instruction on aeronautical chart symbology and then viewed 20-second segments of terrain (videotaped from aircraft). Each trial required a speeded, forced choice of the aircraft's location from three possible grid locations on the aeronautical chart. A separate control group received only 20 pro- and 20 post-test trials. In the Instrument Relationships PLM, subjects viewed displays of primary flight instruments and performed a speeded response classifying the flight attitude depicted. In both PLMs, subjects' speed and accuracy were measured over 9 blocks of trials. PLMs produced dramatic improvements in speed and accuracy for both non-pilots and pilots. Pilots initially outperformed non-pilots. Non-pilots after 1-2 hours of PLM training were as accurate and faster than pilots before training in both PLMs. The results suggest that PLMs have value for primary and recurrent training, both in aviation and other domains. Appropriately structured PLMs could condense perceptual learning processes that normally occur with extended experience. By fostering greater automaticity of pattern processing, PLMs might allow component skills to be more easily integrated in flight or other complex tasks.
© All rights reserved Kellman and Kaiser and/or Human Factors Society
Kaiser, Mary K., Johnson, Walter W., Andersen, George J., Andre, Anthony D., Banks, Martin S. and Flach, John M. (1993): Visual Cues for Vehicle Control. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 37th Annual Meeting 1993. pp. 1375-1377.
Since Gibson's pioneering work in the 1950s, there has been increasing interest in describing the dynamic visual cues operators extract from the "out-the-window" scene to utilize in vehicular control. Despite this interest, we are still a long way from an adequate understanding of what optical information is utilized, and how the information is integrated into an active control strategy. There are a number of reasons for this apparent shortfalling. First, it is difficult to isolate a candidate optical cue; geometry dictates that several candidate cues will co-vary in any natural scene (e.g., edge rate and flow rate). The experimental isolation of an optical cue often results in visual scenes which are quite unnatural, creating the possibility that strategies used in the experimental setting will not generalize to operational settings. Also, much of the laboratory work has focused on demonstrating people's sensitivity to optical variables, utilizing passive verbal judgments rather than active control paradigms. Whereas the demonstration of sensitivity to an optical cue is a logically necessary step, such a demonstration is not sufficient to verify its utility in an active control task. Further, there is the need for an adequate description of the task demands, allowing a proper mapping between what the controller is trying to achieve and the information available to accomplish the task; no single cue (or set of cues) will be appropriate for all vehicular control tasks. Finally, given the robust and opportunistic nature of the human perceptual system, it is possible that the visual cues used for vehicle control will vary from individual to individual, or even within an individual depending on which cues are available and salient in the control environment. The participants in this panel are well versed in the challenges of studying visually based vehicular control. Their presentations will reflect the lessons learned in this field, as well as insights regarding how current and future research can better realize the promise of this domain.
© All rights reserved Kaiser et al. and/or Human Factors Society
Kaiser, Mary K., Proffitt, Dennis R. and McAfee, Ellen A. (1991): Seeing Beyond the Obvious: Understanding Perception in Everyday and Novel Environments. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 35th Annual Meeting 1991. p. 1169.
Kaiser, Mary K. and Foyle, David C. (1991): Human Factors Issues in the Use of Night Vision Devices. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 35th Annual Meeting 1991. pp. 1502-1506.
Electro-optical imaging systems have been integrated into rotorcraft operations, allowing pilots to fly at very low altitudes and avoid obstacles in reduced visibility. The hardware characteristics of these systems result in visual displays which differ significantly from unaided, daylight vision. The impact of these differences on perceptual performance (and, ultimately, on pilotage) is poorly understood. In this paper, we identify critical human factors concerns suggested by field data and review empirical studies of performance on flight-relevant perceptual tasks, notably depth and distance perception. Hardware modifications to improve man-system performance are suggested.
© All rights reserved Kaiser and Foyle and/or Human Factors Society
Show this list on your homepage
Join the technology elite and advance:
Changes to this page (author)16 Jan 2011: Added17 Feb 2010: Modified
01 Jun 2009: Added
01 Jun 2009: Added
26 Jun 2007: Added
26 Jun 2007: Added
26 Jun 2007: Added
26 Jun 2007: Added
Page maintainer: The Editorial Team