Number of co-authors:22
Number of publications with 3 favourite co-authors:Christopher D. Wickens:3Anthony Aretz:1Anthony Andre:1
Kelly Harwood's 3 most productive colleagues in number of publications:Christopher D. Wic..:75David D. Woods:35Nadine B. Sarter:9
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Publications by Kelly Harwood (bibliography)
Wise, John A., Hopkin, V. David, Stager, Paul and Harwood, Kelly (1994): Human Factors Certification of Systems. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 38th Annual Meeting 1994. pp. 1052-1056.
There is growing interest in the regulatory organizations (e.g., FAA, ICAO) to establish human factors based certification procedures for aviation technologies. This panel will discuss some of the issues debated during an international workshop on human factors certification of aviation technologies.
© All rights reserved Wise et al. and/or Human Factors Society
Sarter, Nadine B., Woods, David D., Braune, Rolf J., Palmer, Everett, Rogers, William H., Wickens, Christopher D., Harwood, Kelly, Andre, Anthony, Aretz, Anthony, Wiener, Earl L. and Boje, Elmar (1990): Situational Awareness in the Advanced Commercial Aircraft Cockpit. In: D., Woods, and E., Roth, (eds.) Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 34th Annual Meeting 1990, Santa Monica, USA. pp. 21-25.
Harwood, Kelly (1989): Cognitive Perspectives on Map Displays for Helicopter Flight. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 33rd Annual Meeting 1989. pp. 13-17.
Currently accessible technologies are providing entirely new display concepts for enhancing helicopter navigation. Yet the effectiveness of such displays depends on the extent to which they are configured according to principles from research on human performance. Computer generated map displays in the present study were configured according to previous research on maps, navigational problem solving, and spatial cognition in large scale environments. Interest centered on the representation of different spatial relationships that would best support helicopter navigational problem solving. One map display emphasized the global relationships between objects in the environment. The other map showed the pilot's relationship to objects as he travelled through the environment. Twenty skilled pilots used the maps to complete several navigational tasks that occurred within a realistic simulation program tailored for helicopter navigation. Findings indicate that the type of task and mode of flight (low level or Nap of the Earth (NOE)) are important determinants of map display effectiveness.
© All rights reserved Harwood and/or Human Factors Society
Murphy, Elizabeth D., Reaux, Ray A., Stewart, Lisa J., Coleman, William D. and Harwood, Kelly (1989): Modeling Air Traffic Controller Performance in Highly Automated Environments. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 33rd Annual Meeting 1989. pp. 47-51.
As increasing levels of automation are planned for the United States' air traffic control system, there is a need to assess planned system design changes for their potential effects on human performance. The model of controller performance developed by this work permits the comparison of prior and planned system transition states on several performance dimensions: perceptual, analytic, response, and resource management. Systematic predictions of performance provide a basis for identifying potential trouble spots in a planned system. The model can be employed to determine whether system design changes will improve controller performance without placing unreasonable demands on the controller's resources. It can be tailored to represent human performance variables and sources of resource demand in any complex automated system.
© All rights reserved Murphy et al. and/or Human Factors Society
Wickens, Christopher D., Harwood, Kelly, Segal, Leon, Tkalcevic, Inge and Sherman, Bill (1988): TASKILLAN: A Simulation to Predict the Validity of Multiple Resource Models of Aviation Workload. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 32nd Annual Meeting 1988. pp. 168-172.
The objective of this research was to establish the validity of predictive models of workload in the context of a controlled simulation of a helicopter flight mission. The models that were evaluated contain increasing levels of sophistication regarding their assumptions about the competition for processing resources underlying multiple task performance. Ten subjects performed the simulation which involved various combinations of a low level flight task with three cognitive side tasks, pertaining to navigation, spatial awareness and computation. Side task information was delivered auditorily or visually. Results indicated that subjective workload is best predicted by relatively simple models that simply integrate the total demands of tasks over time (r = 0.65). In contrast, performance is not well predicted by these models (r < .10), but is best predicted by models that assume differential competition between processing resources (r = 0.47). The relevance of these data to predictive models and to the use of subjective measures for model validation is discussed.
© All rights reserved Wickens et al. and/or Human Factors Society
Connelly, James G., Wickens, Christopher D., Lintern, Gavan and Harwood, Kelly (1987): Attention Theory and Training Research. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 31st Annual Meeting 1987. pp. 648-651.
This study used elements of attention theory as a methodological basis to decompose a complex training task in order to improve training efficiency. The complex task was a microcomputer flight simulation where subjects were required to control the stability of their own helicopter while acquiring and engaging enemy helicopters in a threat environment. Subjects were divided into whole-task, part-task, and part/open loop adaptive task groups in a transfer of training paradigm. The effect of reducing mental workload at the early stages of learning was examined with respect to the degree that subordinate elements of the complex task could be automated through practice of consistent, learnable stimulus-response relationships. Results revealed trends suggesting the benefit of isolating consistently mapped sub-tasks for part-task training and the presence of a time-sharing skill over and above the skill required for the separate subtasks.
© All rights reserved Connelly et al. and/or Human Factors Society
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