Publication statistics

Pub. period:2010-2012
Pub. count:9
Number of co-authors:14



Co-authors

Number of publications with 3 favourite co-authors:

I. V. Ramakrishnan:8
Yevgen Borodin:7
Yury Puzis:5

 

 

Productive colleagues

Faisal Ahmed's 3 most productive colleagues in number of publications:

I. V. Ramakrishnan:31
Yevgen Borodin:23
Yury Puzis:7
 
 
 

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Faisal Ahmed

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Publications by Faisal Ahmed (bibliography)

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2012
 
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Islam, Muhammad Asiful, Ahmed, Faisal, Borodin, Yevgen and Ramakrishnan, I. V. (2012): Thematic organization of web content for distraction-free text-to-speech narration. In: Fourteenth Annual ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Assistive Technologies 2012. pp. 17-24.

People with visual disabilities, especially those who are blind, have digital content narrated to them by text-to-speech (TTS) engines (e.g., with the help of screen readers). Naively narrating web pages, particularly the ones consisting of several diverse pieces (e.g., news summaries, opinion pieces, taxonomy, ads), with TTS engines without organizing them into thematic segments will make it very difficult for the blind user to mentally separate out and comprehend the essential elements in a segment, and the effort to do so can cause significant cognitive stress. One can alleviate this difficulty by segmenting web pages into thematic pieces and then narrating each of them separately. Extant segmentation methods typically segment web pages using visual and structural cues. The use of such cues without taking into account the semantics of the content, tends to produce "impure" segments containing extraneous material interspersed with the essential elements. In this paper, we describe a new technique for identifying thematic segments by tightly coupling visual, structural, and linguistic features present in the content. A notable aspect of the technique is that it produces segments with very little irrelevant content. Another interesting aspect is that the clutter-free main content of a web page, that is produced by the Readability tool and the "Reader" feature of the Safari browser, emerges as a special case of the thematic segments created by our technique. We provide experimental evidence of the effectiveness of our technique in reducing clutter. We also describe a user study with 23 blind subjects of its impact on web accessibility.

© All rights reserved Islam et al. and/or ACM Press

 
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Ahmed, Faisal (2012): Accessible skimming: faster screen reading of web pages. In: Fourteenth Annual ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Assistive Technologies 2012. pp. 289-290.

Sighted people know how to quickly glance over the headlines and news articles online to get the gist of information. On the other hand, people who are blind use screen-readers to listen through the content narrated by a serial audio interface. This interface does not give them an opportunity to know what content to skip and what to listen to. In this work, I present an automated approach to facilitate non-visual skimming of web pages.

© All rights reserved Ahmed and/or ACM Press

 
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Ahmed, Faisal, Borodin, Yevgen, Soviak, Andrii, Islam, Muhammad, Ramakrishnan, I. V. and Hedgpeth, Terri (2012): Accessible skimming: faster screen reading of web pages. In: Proceedings of the 2012 ACM Symposium on User Interface Software and Technology 2012. pp. 367-378.

In our information-driven web-based society, we are all gradually falling ""victims"" to information overload [5]. However, while sighted people are finding ways to sift through information faster, Internet users who are blind are experiencing an even greater information overload. These people access computers and Internet using screen-reader software, which reads the information on a computer screen sequentially using computer-generated speech. While sighted people can learn how to quickly glance over the headlines and news articles online to get the gist of information, people who are blind have to use keyboard shortcuts to listen through the content narrated by a serial audio interface. This interface does not give them an opportunity to know what content to skip and what to listen to. So, they either listen to all of the content or listen to the first part of each sentence or paragraph before they skip to the next one. In this paper, we propose an automated approach to facilitate non-visual skimming of web pages. We describe the underlying algorithm, outline a non-visual skimming interface, and report on the results of automated experiments, as well as on our user study with 23 screen-reader users. The results of the experiments suggest that we have been moderately successful in designing a viable algorithm for automatic summarization that could be used for non-visual skimming. In our user studies, we confirmed that people who are blind could read and search through online articles faster and were able to understand and remember most of what they have read with our skimming system. Finally, all 23 participants expressed genuine interest in using non-visual skimming in the future.

© All rights reserved Ahmed et al. and/or ACM Press

 
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Borodin, Yevgen, Sovyak, Andrii, Dimitriyadi, Alexander, Puzis, Yury, Melnyk, Valentyn, Ahmed, Faisal, Dausch, Glenn and Ramakrishnan, I. V. (2012): Universal and ubiquitous web access with Capti. In: Proceedings of the 2012 International Cross-Disciplinary Conference on Web Accessibility W4A 2012. p. 27.

In this paper we present Capti -- a universally and ubiquitously accessible web browsing application enabling intuitive and usable web access for people with and w/o vision impairments. Capti provides a usable screen-reader interface for web browsing and an accessible listen-to-it-later Playlist (charmtechlabs.com).

© All rights reserved Borodin et al. and/or ACM Press

 
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Ahmed, Faisal, Borodin, Yevgen, Puzis, Yury and Ramakrishnan, I. V. (2012): Why read if you can skim: towards enabling faster screen reading. In: Proceedings of the 2012 International Cross-Disciplinary Conference on Web Accessibility W4A 2012. p. 39.

Skimming broadly refers to different speed-reading methods that aim to enhance the rate of reading without unduly compromising on comprehension and retention of information. Skimming of content could be particularly useful for people with vision impairments, who frequently experience information overload when listening to reams of digital content online. Support for usable and useful skimming in modern screen readers remains very poor. This paper explores the user requirements for a usable non-visual skimming interface, informed by a large-scale human-subject experiment with blind individuals. Specifically, the study has: (1) helped identify the type of skimming that can be useful in screen reading main content in web pages; (2) led to the development of a usable interface for accessible online skimming; (3) demonstrated the utility of the accessible skimming interface in two realistic use scenarios; (4) identified automatic summarization techniques that could "closely" approximate skimming methods used by sighted people.

© All rights reserved Ahmed et al. and/or ACM Press

 
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Puzis, Yury, Borodin, Yevgen, Ahmed, Faisal and Ramakrishnan, I. V. (2012): An intuitive accessible web automation user interface. In: Proceedings of the 2012 International Cross-Disciplinary Conference on Web Accessibility W4A 2012. p. 41.

In recent years, the Web has become an ever more sophisticated and irreplaceable tool in our daily lives. While the visual Web has advanced at a rapid pace, assistive technology has not been able to keep up, increasingly putting visually impaired users at a disadvantage. Web automation has the potential to bridge the accessibility divide between the ways blind and sighted people access the Web; specifically, it can enable blind people to accomplish web browsing tasks that were previously slow, hard, or even impossible to achieve. In this paper, we propose and evaluate an intuitive and accessible web automation interface. We validate the design in a Wizard-of-Oz user study with visually-impaired subjects and show that the proposed approach has the potential to significantly increase accessibility and usability of web pages, reduce interaction time, and increase user satisfaction. Our findings demonstrate the feasibility of and emphasize the pressing need for truly accessible web automation technologies.

© All rights reserved Puzis et al. and/or ACM Press

2011
 
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Puzis, Yury, Borodin, Eugene, Ahmed, Faisal, Melnyk, Valentine and Ramakrishnan, I. V. (2011): Guidelines for an accessible web automation interface. In: Thirteenth Annual ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Assistive Technologies 2011. pp. 249-250.

In recent years, the Web has become an ever more sophisticated and irreplaceable tool in our daily lives. While the visual Web has been advancing at a rapid pace, assistive technology has not been able to keep up, increasingly putting visually impaired users at a disadvantage. Web automation has the potential to bridge the accessibility divide between the ways blind and sighted people access the Web; specifically, it can enable blind people to accomplish quickly web browsing tasks that were previously slow, hard, or even impossible to complete. In this paper, we propose guidelines for the design of intuitive and accessible web automation that has the potential to increase accessibility and usability of web pages, reduce interaction time, and improve user browsing experience. Our findings and a preliminary user study demonstrate the feasibility of and emphasize the pressing need for truly accessible web automation technologies.

© All rights reserved Puzis et al. and/or ACM Press

2010
 
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Borodin, Yevgen, Ahmed, Faisal, Islam, Muhammad Asiful, Puzis, Yury, Melnyk, Valentyn, Feng, Song, Ramakrishnan, I. V. and Dausch, Glenn (2010): Hearsay: a new generation context-driven multi-modal assistive web browser. In: Proceedings of the 2010 International Conference on the World Wide Web 2010. pp. 1233-1236.

This demo will present HearSay, a multi-modal non-visual web browser, which aims to bridge the growing Web Accessibility divide between individuals with visual impairments and their sighted counterparts, and to facilitate full participation of blind individuals in the growing Web-based society.

© All rights reserved Borodin et al. and/or their publisher

 
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Ahmed, Faisal, Islam, Muhammad Asiful, Borodin, Yevgen and Ramakrishnan, I. V. (2010): Assistive web browsing with touch interfaces. In: Twelfth Annual ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Assistive Technologies 2010. pp. 235-236.

This demonstration will propose a touch-based directional navigation technique, on touch interface (e.g., iPhone, Macbook) for people with visual disabilities especially blind individuals. Such interfaces coupled with TTS (text-to-speech) systems open up intriguing possibilities for browsing and skimming web content with ease and speed. Apple's seminal VoiceOver system for iOS is an exemplar of bringing touch-based web navigation to blind people. There are two major shortcomings: "fat finger" and "finger-fatigue" problems, which have been addressed in this paper with two proposed approaches. A preliminary user evaluation of the system incorporating these ideas suggests that they can be effective in practice.

© All rights reserved Ahmed et al. and/or their publisher

 
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Changes to this page (author)

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Page maintainer: The Editorial Team
URL: http://www.interaction-design.org/references/authors/faisal_ahmed.html

Publication statistics

Pub. period:2010-2012
Pub. count:9
Number of co-authors:14



Co-authors

Number of publications with 3 favourite co-authors:

I. V. Ramakrishnan:8
Yevgen Borodin:7
Yury Puzis:5

 

 

Productive colleagues

Faisal Ahmed's 3 most productive colleagues in number of publications:

I. V. Ramakrishnan:31
Yevgen Borodin:23
Yury Puzis:7
 
 
 

Upcoming Courses

go to course
Design Thinking: The Beginner's Guide
Starts tomorrow LAST CALL!
go to course
The Psychology of Online Sales: The Beginner's Guide
Starts the day after tomorrow !
 
 

Featured chapter

Marc Hassenzahl explains the fascinating concept of User Experience and Experience Design. Commentaries by Don Norman, Eric Reiss, Mark Blythe, and Whitney Hess

User Experience and Experience Design !

 
 

Our Latest Books

 
 
The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities. 2nd Edition
by Brian Whitworth and Adnan Ahmad
start reading
 
 
 
 
Gamification at Work: Designing Engaging Business Software
by Janaki Mythily Kumar and Mario Herger
start reading
 
 
 
 
The Social Design of Technical Systems: Building technologies for communities
by Brian Whitworth and Adnan Ahmad
start reading
 
 
 
 
The Encyclopedia of Human-Computer Interaction, 2nd Ed.
by Mads Soegaard and Rikke Friis Dam
start reading