Number of co-authors:19
Number of publications with 3 favourite co-authors:Matthew B. Weinger:2Gary Zets:1James Merlo:1
Ellen Haas's 3 most productive colleagues in number of publications:Florian Jentsch:33Kenneth R. Laugher..:20Jessie Y. C. Chen:12
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Publications by Ellen Haas (bibliography)
Allan, Karla, White, Timothy, Jones, Lynette, Merlo, James, Haas, Ellen, Zets, Gary and Rupert, Angus (2010): GETTING THE BUZZ: WHATS NEXT FOR TACTILE INFORMATION DELIVERY. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 54th Annual Meeting 2010. pp. 1331-1334.
As a result of continuous technological advances, information delivery is becoming multi-modal and complex. In many professions (e.g., air traffic control, combat operations) an abundance of information is delivered simultaneously over the visual and auditory sensory channels resulting in cognitive overload and leading to performance degradation over time. The Multiple-Resource theory suggests that offloading information from overtaxed sensory modalities to other modalities can reduce workload (Wickens, 2002). If properly implemented, tactile displays -- i.e., devices used to present information to the user by stimulating the skin -- may be a viable solution in reducing sensory and cognitive overload from the visual and audio channels. Shifting information to the tactile (touch) channel or judicious use of tactile information in conjunction with auditory and/or visual cues can lead to a reduction in cognitive and perceptual overload and an increase in positive performance outcomes. The primary objective of this panel is to discuss the most promising developments in tactile research and how the next steps can lead to new application areas or to specific products. The panelists -- representing academia, the military, and industry, can collectively speak to diverse tactile information delivery methodologies, their respective applications, and challenges for the path forward. Some applications have already been realized in aviation, robotics, medicine, and commercial products and these will be described. Ultimately, this panel session is expected to inspire interest in tactile information delivery and to identify promising pathways for research leading to new application areas and specific application products.
© All rights reserved Allan et al. and/or HFES
Barnes, Michael, Jentsch, Florian, Chen, Jessie Y. C., Haas, Ellen and Cosenzo, Keryl (2010): SOLDIER ROBOT TEAMS: SIX YEARS OF RESEARCH. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 54th Annual Meeting 2010. pp. 1493-1497.
US Army researchers and support contractors are involved in a multi-year effort to understand the impact of human-robot interaction (HRI) and teaming for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and unmanned ground vehicles (UGV) in future and current Army conflicts. The purpose of this paper is to summarize human-robotic principles derived from these programs. The principles cover both problems and solutions evaluated over the more than six years of experimentation. We discuss the implications of Soldier teaming, survivability, multitasking, automation and the importance of individual differences for HRI. Mitigation strategies related to individual differences and training regimens are discussed. We also explicate results related to multimodal interfaces and adaptive systems.
© All rights reserved Barnes et al. and/or HFES
Haas, Ellen, Hill, Susan, Stachowiak, Christopher and Fields, MaryAnne (2009): Designing and Evaluating a Multimodal Interface for Soldier-Swarm Interaction. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 53rd Annual Meeting 2009. pp. 259-263.
Traditional unmanned vehicle and robotic displays often use the visual modality alone to provide information and warnings. In previous studies we found that multimodal (auditory and/or tactile) cues that supplement visual displays, can increase user performance and decrease workload in a variety of settings. In this latest study, we examined the use of visual, spatial auditory, and tactile presentation of geospatial and warning information in a Soldier-robotic swarm interface. Sixteen male Marines with a mean age of 19 years from a Marine Detachment at Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, acted as volunteer participants. Results showed that workload decreased and performance, as measured by reduced response time, increased with multimodal displays. These results are consistent with previous studies. The findings from this study have implications for the design of multimodal interfaces in complex, data-rich domains such as the human-swarm interface.
© All rights reserved Haas et al. and/or their publisher
Bogner, Marilyn Sue, Weinger, Matthew B., Bogner, Sue, Laughery, Kenneth R., Amundson, Dennis E., Weinger, Matthew B. and Haas, Ellen (1995): Warnings in Medicine. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 39th Annual Meeting 1995. .
Haas, Ellen and Schmidt, Jeffrey (1995): Auditory Icons as Warning and Advisory Signals in the U.S. Army Battlefield Combat Identification System (BCIS). In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 39th Annual Meeting 1995. pp. 999-1003.
The U.S. Army proposed the Battlefield Combat Identification System (BCIS) to diminish fratricide by providing five critical auditory and visual warning signals. The purpose of this experiment was to determine whether the auditory warning signals designed by the U.S. Army Human Research and Engineering Directorate (HRED) provided greater user association with the BCIS signal functions than did signals designed by a contractor. The contractor signals consisted of pure tones, while the HRED signals were auditory icons designed with intent to provide a high level of user association. The dependent variable was the subject's free-modulus magnitude estimation rating of the degree of association of the signal with the signal function. Subjects were 20 male U.S. Army Infantrymen. Data were analyzed using t-tests for paired samples. Results indicated that the mean perceived association was significantly greater for the HRED auditory icons in one of five cases, and greater (but not significantly so) in two additional cases. There were no other significant differences. Implications for auditory display design are discussed.
© All rights reserved Haas and Schmidt and/or Human Factors Society
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