Number of co-authors:12
Number of publications with 3 favourite co-authors:Katya Le Blanc:2Ronald L. Boring:2Harold S. Blackman:2
David I. Gertman's 3 most productive colleagues in number of publications:Harold S. Blackman:11Ronald L. Boring:10William W. Banks:8
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David I. Gertman
Publications by David I. Gertman (bibliography)
Gertman, David I., Blanc, Katya Le and Boring, Ronald L. (2011): Review of Computerized Procedure Guidelines for Nuclear Power Plant Control Rooms. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 55th Annual Meeting 2011. pp. 1476-1480.
Computerized procedures (CPs) are recognized as an emerging alternative to paper-based procedures for supporting control room operators in nuclear power plants undergoing life extension and in the concept of operations for advanced reactor designs. CPs potentially reduce operator workload, yield increases in efficiency, and provide for greater resilience. Yet, CPs may also adversely impact human and plant performance if not designed and implemented properly. Therefore, it is important to ensure that existing guidance is sufficient to provide for proper implementation and monitoring of CPs. In this paper, human performance issues were identified based on a review of the behavioral science literature, research on computerized procedures in nuclear and other industries, and a review of industry experience with CPs. The review of human performance issues led to the identification of a number of technical gaps in available guidance sources. To address some of the gaps, we developed 13 supplemental guidelines to support design and safety. This paper presents these guidelines and the case for further research.
© All rights reserved Gertman et al. and/or HFES
Boring, Ronald L., Gertman, David I. and Blanc, Katya Le (2011): Human Reliability Analysis for Computerized Procedures. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 55th Annual Meeting 2011. pp. 1720-1724.
This paper provides a characterization of human reliability analysis (HRA) issues for computerized procedures in nuclear power plant control rooms. It is beyond the scope of this paper to propose a new HRA approach or to recommend specific methods or refinements to those methods. Rather, this paper provides a review of HRA as applied to traditional paper-based procedures, followed by a discussion of what specific factors should additionally be considered in HRAs for computerized procedures. Performance shaping factors and failure modes unique to computerized procedures are highlighted. Since there is no definitive guide to HRA for paper-based procedures, this paper also serves to clarify the existing guidance on paper-based procedures before delving into the unique aspects of computerized procedures.
© All rights reserved Boring et al. and/or HFES
Bruemmer, David J., Nielsen, Curtis W. and Gertman, David I. (2008): How training and experience affect the benefits of autonomy in a dirty-bomb experiment. In: Proceedings of the 3rd ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human Robot Interaction 2008. pp. 161-168.
A dirty-bomb experiment conducted at the INL is used to evaluate the effectiveness and suitability of three different modes of robot control. The experiment uses three distinct user groups to understand how participants' background and training affect the way in which they use and benefit from autonomy. The results show that the target mode, which involves automated mapping and plume tracing together with a point and click tasking tool, provides the best performance for each group. This is true for objective performance such as source detection and localization accuracy as well as subjective measures such as perceived workload, frustration and preference. The best overall performance is achieved by the Explosive Ordinance Disposal group which has experience in both robot teleoperation and dirty bomb response. The user group that benefits least from autonomy is the Nuclear Engineers that have no experience with either robot operation or dirty bomb response. The group that benefits most from autonomy is the Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Team that has extensive experience related to the task, but no robot training.
© All rights reserved Bruemmer et al. and/or ACM Press
Hahn, Heidi Ann, Vries, II John A. de, Blackman, Harold S., Gertman, David I. and Ryan, Thomas G. (1991): New Methods for the Identification, Modeling, and Quantification of Errors of Commission in Human Reliability Analysis. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 35th Annual Meeting 1991. pp. 1078-1079.
Gertman, David I. (1991): INTENT: A Method for Calculating HEP Estimates for Decision Based Errors. In: Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 35th Annual Meeting 1991. pp. 1090-1094.
Contemporary human reliability assessment techniques applied in the nuclear industry need to address more that simple errors of omission, errors of selection, and errors in task execution. The inadvertent selection of the wrong control from a bank of controls, skipping a step in a procedure by mistake, or the misreading of a display or indicator are representative of these classes of error. The distinction between simple errors and errors involving higher level cognitive processes has been acknowledged previously. As a next step, it is desirable to determine (1) the situations which promote the occurrence of low frequency high consequence decision based errors, (2) a classification scheme or framework for these errors, and (3) the expected failure rates for these errors once entry level conditions for their occurrence have been met. This presentation addresses 1 and 3 above, and presents a method for estimating errors associated with misunderstanding procedures, confusion regarding system response and inadequate problem solving. A function defining the relationship between composite performance shaping factors and human error probabilities is presented as well.
© All rights reserved Gertman and/or Human Factors Society
Reece, Wendy J. and Gertman, David I. (1990): Development of a Workstation Software Package to Support Probabilistic Safety Assessment. In: D., Woods, and E., Roth, (eds.) Proceedings of the Human Factors Society 34th Annual Meeting 1990, Santa Monica, USA. pp. 1077-1080.
Gilmore, Walter E., Gertman, David I. and Blackman, Harold S. (1989): User-Computer Interface in Process Control: A Human Factors Engineering Handbook. San Diego, CA, Academic Press
Petersen, Rohn J., Banks, William W. and Gertman, David I. (1982): Performance-Based Evaluation of Graphic Displays for Nuclear Power Plant Control Rooms. In: Nichols, Jean A. and Schneider, Michael L. (eds.) Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems March 15-17, 1982, Gaithersburg, Maryland, United States. pp. 182-189.
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